Los Angeles County Fire Department

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Los Angeles County Fire Department
Seal of the Los Angeles County Fire Department.png
Patch of the Los Angeles County Fire Department.png
Flag of the Los Angeles County Fire Department.png
Operational area
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Agency overview[1][2][3]
Established1923
Annual calls379,517 (2020)
Employees4,500 (2021)
Annual budget$1.4 billion (2021)
StaffingCareer/Paid-On Call
Fire chiefAnthony C. Marrone
EMS levelBLS & ALS
IAFF1014
Facilities and equipment[1]
Divisions9
Battalions22
Foam units3
Reserve units61 engines
12 quints/trucks
36 paramedic squads
Stations177
Engines171 frontline (staffed & call)
incl. 5 ALS + 28 PAU
61 reserve
Quints34 (incl. 3 light forces)
12 reserve
Squads75
36 reserve
Tenders15
HAZMAT3
USAR2
Wildland11 – 5 OES Type 3
42 – Patrols
Bulldozers10
Helicopters10
Fireboats2 frontline, 1 reserve
Rescue boats8 + 2 paramedic rescue boats
Light and air3
Website
Official website
IAFF website

The Los Angeles County Fire Department (LACoFD) provides firefighting and emergency medical services for the unincorporated parts of Los Angeles County, California,[1] as well as 59 cities through contracting, including the city of La Habra[4] which is located in Orange County and is the first city outside of Los Angeles County to contract with LACoFD.

As of 2013 the department is responsible for just over 4 million residents spread out in over 1.2 million housing units across an area of 2,305 square miles (5,970 km2).[1] The department is commanded by Chief Anthony C. Marrone and has an annual budget of $1.4 Billion.[5] According to Firehouse magazine, the LACoFD is the fourth busiest department in the US, behind New York City Fire Department, Chicago Fire Department, and Los Angeles City Fire Department.[6] The department responded to 394,585 calls for service in 2017. The LACoFD has been featured several times in popular culture, including the 1970s NBC TV series Emergency! and the 1950s TV series Rescue 8.

In 2020, the department responded to 307,025 emergency medical responses and a total of 379,517 total responses.

History[edit]

Patch of the LACoFD, worn on the LACoFD's uniform shirt sleeves.
Badge of an LACoFD firefighter, with badge number 1426.

In 1949, the Consolidated Fire Protection District was established by the Board of Supervisors through the consolidation of numerous fire districts which existed since the 1920s. From 1967 to 1986, there existed four fire protection districts within the Los Angeles County, all of which were governed by the Board of Supervisors: the Consolidated Fire Protection District (CFPD), Universal Fire Protection District, Dominguez Fire Protection District, and Wrightwood Fire Protection District. In addition, there was the Forester and Fire Warden (F&FW) which is a chartered office of the County and was funded by the General Fund. The property tax rate for each district was considerably different. With the property tax limitations and standardization of tax rates established by Proposition 13 in 1978, there was no longer a need to maintain the separate districts. From 1986 to 1992, the F&FW and the CFPD were the two remaining legal entities that made up what is commonly known as the Los Angeles County Fire Department. In 1992, the CFPD annexed all the remaining unincorporated area in with a corresponding property tax transfer to fulfill the chartered responsibilities of the F&FW. The Los Angeles County Fire Department has a very rich and unique history, which is full of innovation, and daring accomplishments. From designing the 9-1-1 system and initiating a paramedic program in the 1970's to the current day Urban Search and Rescue and Homeland Security Sections, our Fire Department is a leader and model to fire departments around the world. Our Department's ability to develop new techniques and tactics to fight fires of all kinds has benefited not only the residents we serve, but the fire service in general, both nationally and internationally.[7]

Emergency operations[edit]

The Emergency Operations Bureau includes the Training and EMS Bureau (TEMSB), nine major firefighting divisions, Air and Wildland Division, and Homeland Security Section. The Fire Department's service area includes suburban neighborhoods, city centers, commercial district, sandy beaches, mountain ranges, and more. The region's varying terrain causes unique emergency incident challenges, including increased EMS calls and variety of fires that can take place on a single day (i.e., wildland, structure, railroad, aircraft, vehicle, etc.) as well as ocean rescues and medical calls across 72 miles of coastline.[7]

Fire suppression camps[edit]

The LACoFD has 10 fire camps with handcrews which are used for both fire prevention and wildland firefighting. In 2013, to help combat jail crowding as well as increase time served by serious criminal offenders, Los Angeles County sent more than 500 inmates to firefighting camps in mountain and foothill areas.[8] Inmates assigned to the camps are nonviolent offenders who have completed physical and security screenings. They are trained by county firefighters to help fight fires and assist with clearing brush and debris.[9] The camps are run in conjunction with the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and the Los Angeles County Probation Department.

Rank structure[edit]

  • Firefighter Trainee (FFT)
  • Firefighter (Emergency Medical Technician) (FF) (EMT)
  • Firefighter (Paramedic) (FF/PM or FP)
  • Firefighter Specialist/Engineer (FFS)
  • Fire Captain (CA)
  • Battalion Chief (Battalion Commander) (BC)
  • Assistant Chief (Division Commander) (AC)
  • Deputy Chief (Bureau Commander) (DC)
  • Chief Deputy (CD)
  • Fire Chief (FC)

Apparatus[edit]

The Los Angeles County Fire Department utilizes a wide array of firefighting apparatus, including engines, quints, trucks, light forces (engine + quint or truck), patrol units, and water tenders. Support apparatus include rescue squads, hazardous materials squads, and urban search and rescue squads.[1] LACoFD apparatus are painted reddish-orange as opposed to LAFD apparatus, which are fire engine red.

Tiller trucks[edit]

While many modern fire departments have opted to go with trucks/quints that have rear-mounted ladders, the LACoFD has chosen to stay with tiller trucks because of their enhanced maneuverability in tight areas.[10] The benefit of a quint is that it also has a built in pump and water tank and can thus operate without an engine. The Tiller trucks carry fire suppression tools and medical equipment as well as specialized rescue equipment for responses to a variety of emergencies.

Helicopters[edit]

Copter 16, a S-70A Firehawk performs a water drop demonstration.

The LA County Fire Department has 10 helicopters available for aerial firefighting.[11][12] The headquarters for the Air Operations Section is located at Barton Heliport, next to Whiteman Airport in Pacoima.[13]

  • Five Sikorsky S-70A/S-70i Firehawks Copter 15, Copter 16, Copter 19, Copter 21, and Copter 22 are fitted with 1,000 US gallons (3,800 L) tanks.[13]
  • One Bell 412 Copter 12 is fitted with a 360 US gallons (1,400 L) tank.[13]
  • Two Bell 412EP Copter 11 and Copter 14 are outfitted with 360 US gallons (1,400 L) tanks.[13]
  • Two Bell 412HP Copter 17 and Copter 18 are outfitted with 360 US gallons (1,400 L) tanks.[13]

Stations and apparatus[edit]

Former Engine Company 81, a 1998 KME triple combination pumper at Vasquez Rocks serving Agua Dulce, California.
LA County Engine Company 23, serving the city of Bellflower. Engine 23 has been painted in the latest color scheme, red/orange overall with a reflective yellow stripe down the side and a reflective chevron pattern on the back.

As of September 2020.[14][15]

Some Stations have 2 engines. Engines with a 4+station number are cross-staffed Type 3 wildland engines. Units marked “paramedic/Advanced Life Support” are full medic units (two paramedics on board). Units marked “PAU” are paramedic assessment units (one paramedic on board).

Fire Station or Camp Number or Heliport City/unincorporated area Engine Company Quint Company or Light Force Units Squad Company Patrol unit Other units cross-staffed special units Division Battalion
1 East Los Angeles Engine 1 Foam 1

Fuel Tender 1

9 3
2 Palos Verdes Estates Engine 2 Squad 2 1 14
3 East Los Angeles Engine 3 Quint 3 Squad 3 9 3
4 Rosemead PAU Engine 4 Quint 4 Assistant 9 9 10
5 San Gabriel Engine 5 9 10
6 Lomita Engine 6 Squad 6 1 14
7 West Hollywood PAU Engine 7 Squad 7 Battalion 1 Utility 1 7 1
8 West Hollywood Engine 8 Light Force 8 Squad 8 7 1
10 Carson Engine 10 Squad 10 Battalion 7 Utility 7 1 7
11 Altadena Engine 11 Squad 11 OES E8132 3 4
12 Altadena Engine 12 3 4
13 Vernon Engine 13 Quint 13 Squad 13 6 13
14 Los Angeles PAU Engine 14 Squad 14 6 20
15 Whittier Quint 15 4 21
16 Los Angeles Engine 16 Engine 9[a] Squad 16 6 13
17 Whittier Engine 17 4 8
18 Lennox Paramedic/Advanced Life Support Engine 18 6 20
19 La Cañada Flintridge Engine 19 Squad 19 3 4
20 Norwalk Engine 20 Quint 20 Squad 20 4 21
21 Lawndale Engine 21 Squad 21 ESU 21 1 18
22 Commerce Engine 22 9 3
23 Bellflower Engine 23 4 9
24 Palmdale Engine 24 Quint 24 5 17
25 Pico Rivera Engine 25 4 8
26 La Puente Engine 26 Squad 26 8 12
27 Commerce Engine 27 Quint 27 Battalion 3 Utility 3 9 3
28 Whittier Engine 28 Quint 28 Squad 28 Battalion 8 Utility 8 4 8
29 Baldwin Park Engine 29 Quint 29 Squad 29 2 16
30 Cerritos Engine 30 Quint 30 Squad 30 Assistant 4

Battalion 9 Utility 9

4 9
31 Paramount Engine 31 Quint 31 Squad 31 4 9
32 Azusa Engine 32 Squad 32 Water Tender 32 MCI-32 2 16
33 Lancaster Paramedic/Advanced Life Support Engine 33

Engine 233

Quint 33 Squad 33 Patrol 84 AP-11

Battalion 11 Utility 11

RAC 33 5 11
34 Hawaiian Gardens Engine 34 4 9
35 Cerritos Engine 35 4 21
36 Carson Engine 36

Engine 236

Squad 36 1 7
37 Palmdale Engine 37 Squad 37 5 17
38 View Park Engine 38 7 1
39 Bell Gardens Engine 39 Squad 39 9 3
40 Pico Rivera Engine 40 Squad 40 4 8
41 Willowbrook PAU Engine 41 Squad 41 1 7
42 Rosemead Engine 42 9 10
43 Industry Engine 43 HazMat 43 HazMat Tender 43 8 12
44 Duarte Engine 44

Engine 244
Engine 444

Patrol 44 OES E8134 2 16
45 Lakewood Engine 45 Quint 45 Squad 45 4 9
47 Temple City Engine 47 Squad 47 9 10
48 Irwindale Engine 48 2 16
49 La Mirada Engine 49 Squad 49 Battalion 21 Utility 21 4 21
50 Commerce Engine 50 Squad 50 3
51 Universal City Engine 51 Quint 51 Squad 51 Patrol 51 7 1
52 Vernon Engine 52 6 13
53 Rancho Palos Verdes Engine 53 1 14
54 South Gate Engine 54 Squad 54 RAC 54 6 13
55 Avalon Engine 55

Engine 255

Patrol 55

Patrol 255

Command 55

Helitender 6 (Catalina Airport)

1 14
56 Rolling Hills Engine 56 Patrol 56 1 14
57 South Gate Engine 57 6 13
58 Ladera Heights Engine 58 Squad 58 7 1
59 Whittier PAU Engine 59 Patrol 59 (reserve) 4 8
60 Signal Hill Paramedic/Advanced Life Support Engine 60 4 9
61 Walnut Engine 61 Squad 61 8 19
62 Claremont Engine 62 Patrol 62 2 2
63 La Crescenta Engine 63 3 4
64 San Dimas Engine 64 Quint 64 Squad 64 Battalion 2 Utility 2 2 2
65 Agoura Hills Engine 65 Patrol 65 7 5
66 Pasadena Engine 66 Patrol 66 3 4
67 Monte Nido Engine 67 Patrol 67 7 5
68 Calabasas Engine 68 Squad 68 7 5
69 Topanga Engine 69, Engine 269[b] Patrol 69 7 5
70 Malibu Engine 70 Patrol 70 Assistant 7 Battalion 5 Utility 5

Water Tender 70 Swift Water 70

7 5
71 Malibu Engine 71 Engine 271[c] Squad 71 Patrol 71 7 5
72 Malibu Engine 72 Patrol 72 7 5
73 Santa Clarita Engine 73 Squad 73 Patrol 73 Swift Water 73 Foam 73 3 6
74 Kagel Canyon Engine 74 Patrol 74 3 4
75 Chatsworth Engine 75 Patrol 75 3 6
76 Valencia Engine 76 Patrol 76 3 6
77 Gorman Engine 77

Engine 477

Patrol 77 Helitender 7 3 6
78[d] Lake Hughes Engine 78 Patrol 78 5 11
79 Pearblossom Engine 79, Engine 279[e] Patrol 79 5 17
80 Acton Engine 80 Patrol 80 Water Tender 80 5 17
81 Agua Dulce Engine 81 Patrol 81 3 22
82 La Cañada Flintridge Engine 82, Engine 282[f] Lightforce 82 Patrol 82 Battalion 4 Utility 4 3 4
83 Rancho Palos Verdes Engine 83 Patrol 83 1 14
84 Quartz Hill Engine 84 Squad 84 5 11
85 Glendora Engine 85

Engine 485

EST 85 OES E8135 2 2
86 Glendora Engine 86

Engine 286

Patrol 86 2 2
87 Industry Engine 87 Squad 87 Swift Water 87 Deluge 87

MAL87

8 12
88 Malibu Engine 88 Squad 88 7 5
89 Agoura Hills Engine 89 Squad 89 7 5
90 South El Monte Engine 90 Squad 90 9 10
91 Hacienda Heights PAU Engine 91 Patrol 91 8 12
92 Littlerock Engine 92 Squad 92 Patrol 92 5 17
93 Palmdale Engine 93 Squad 93 AP-17

Battalion 17 Utility 17

ESU 93 5 17
94 Lakewood Engine 94 EST94 4 9
95 Gardena Engine 95 1 7
96 Whittier Engine 96 4 8
97 Azusa Engine 97 Patrol 97 2 16
98 Bellflower Engine 98 Squad 98 4 9
99 Malibu Engine 99 Patrol 99 7 5
100 Hermosa Beach PAU Engine 100 Squad 100 1 18
101 Claremont Engine 101 Squad 101 2 2
102 Claremont Engine 102 Patrol 102 2 2
103 Pico Rivera PAU Engine 103 USAR 103 Heavy Rescue 103

Rescue Tender 103 Swift Water 103

4 8
104 Santa Clarita Quint 104 3 22
105 Rancho Dominguez Engine 105 HazMat 105 HazMat Tender 105 Deluge 105 1 7
106 Rolling Hills Estates Engine 106 Quint 106 Squad 106 Patrol 106 Battalion 14 Utility 14 1 14
107 Santa Clarita Engine 107 Squad 107 3 22
108 Santa Clarita Engine 108 3 22
110 Marina del Rey Engine 110 Quint 110 Boat 110 Boat 310 Boat 510 7 1
111 Santa Clarita Engine 111 Squad 111 3 22
112[g] Antelope Acres Engine 112 5 11
114 Lake Los Angeles Engine 114 Engine 314 Patrol 114 5 17
115 Norwalk Engine 115 Squad 115 4 21
116 Carson Engine 116 Quint 116 Squad 116 1 7
117 Lancaster Engine 117 Engine 317[h] Water Tender 117 5 11
118 Industry Engine 118 Quint 118 Squad 118 MIRV 118 Command 3 Command 33 8 12
119 Diamond Bar Engine 119 Squad 119 8 19
120 Diamond Bar Engine 120 Patrol 120 Water Tender 120

Battalion 19 Utility 19

8 19
121 Diamond Bar Engine 121 8 19
122 Lakewood Engine 122 4 9
123 Santa Clarita Engine 123 Patrol 123 3 22
124 Stevenson Ranch Engine 124 Squad 124 3 6
125 Calabasas Engine 125

Engine 4125

Quint 125 OES E8133 7 5
126 Santa Clarita Engine 126 Quint 126 Command 11

Battalion 6 Utility 6

RAC 126 3 6
127[i] Carson Quint 127 Foam 127 1 7
128 Santa Clarita Engine 128 Patrol 128 Water Tender 128 3 22
129 Lancaster Engine 129 Dozer Team 5

Helitender 1 (NORTH COUNTY AIR OPS)

MAL129 5 11
130 Lancaster Engine 130 Squad 130 Assistant 5 Water Tender 130 5 11
131 Palmdale Engine 131 Squad 131 5 17
132 Santa Clarita Engine 132

Engine 4132

Patrol 132 OES E8131 3 22
134 Lancaster Engine 134 Squad 134 5 11
135 Lancaster Engine 135 Squad 135 MIRV135 5 11
136 Palmdale PAU Engine 136 USAR 136 Rescue Tender 136

Swift Water 136

5 17
140[j] Leona Valley Engine 140 5 11
141 San Dimas Engine 141 2 2
143 Castaic Engine 143

Engine 4143

Water Tender 5143 3 6
144 Westlake Village PAU Engine 144 Patrol 144 Water Tender 144 7 5
145 Rowland Heights Engine 145 EST145

Battalion 12 Utility 12

8 12
146 Walnut Engine 146 8 19
147 Lynwood Quint 147 Squad 147 6 13
148 Lynwood Engine 148 6 13
149 Castaic Engine 149 Squad 149 3 6
150 Santa Clarita Engine 150 Assistant 3 Battalion 22 Utility 22

HazMat 150 Hazmat Tender 150 Command 1

OES HM11 3 22
151 Glendora Engine 151 Squad 151 2 2
152 Covina Engine 152 ESU152 2 16
153 Covina Quint 153 2 16
154 Covina PAU Engine 154 Squad 154 Assistant 2

Battalion 16 Utility 16

2 16
155[k] Two Harbors Engine 155 Patrol

155

1 14
156 Santa Clarita Engine 156 Water Tender 156

Helitender 2 Dozer Team 7

3 6
157[l] Green Valley Engine 157 5 11
158 Gardena Quint 158 Squad 158 Assistant 1 1 18
159 Gardena Engine 159 ESU159 1 18
160 Hawthorne Engine 160 1 18
161 Hawthorne Quint 161 Squad 161 Battalion 18 Utility 18 MCI-161 1 18
162 Hawthorne Engine 162 1 18
163 Bell Engine 163 Squad 163 9 3
164 Huntington Park Engine 164 Quint 164 Squad 164 Assistant 6

Battalion 13 Utility 13

6 13
165 Huntington Park Engine 165 MAL165 6 13
166 El Monte Quint 166 Battalion 10 Utility 10 9 10
167 El Monte Engine 167 Squad 167 9 10
168 El Monte Engine 168 9 10
169 El Monte Engine 169 9 10
170 Inglewood PAU Lightforce 170 6 20
171 Inglewood Engine 171 Squad 171 Battalion 20 Utility 20 MIRV171 Command 2 Command 22 6 20
172 Inglewood Engine 172 Squad 172 6 20
173 Inglewood Engine 173 Squad 173 6 20
182 Pomona Engine 182 Squad 182 8 15
183 Pomona Engine 183 Squad 183 8 15
184 Pomona Engine 184 8 15
185 Pomona Quint 185 Battalion 15 Utility 15 8 15
186 Pomona Engine 186 8 15
187 Pomona Quint 187 Squad 187 8 19
188 Pomona Engine 188 8 15
191 La Habra PAU Engine 191 Squad 191 La Habra Ambulance 1 4 21
192 La Habra PAU Engine 192 La Habra Ambulance 2 4 21
193 La Habra PAU Engine 193 4 21
194 La Habra PAU Engine 194 4 21
Camp 2 Arroyo Seco Crew 2-2 Crew 2-3 Helitender 4

Supt 2 Supt 20 Supt 21 Supt 22

Air/Wildland 46
Camp 8 Malibu Engine 8-1 Crew 8-1 Crew 8-2

Supt 8 Helitender 3, (WEST COUNTY AIR OPS)

Air/Wildland 46
Camp 9 Santa Clarita Engine 9-1 Supt 9

Crew 9-1 Crew 9-2

Air/Wildland 46
Camp 11 Acton Crew 11-1, Crew 11-2, Crew 11-3, Crew 11-4, Supt 11 Air/Wildland 44
Camp 12 Santa Clarita Crew 12-1, Crew 12-2, Supt 12 Air/Wildland 46
Camp 13 Malibu Crew 13-1, Crew 13-2, Crew 13-3, Crew 13-4, Crew 13-5, Supt 13 Air/Wildland 44
Camp 14 Santa Clarita Crew 14-1, Crew 14-2, Crew 14-3, Crew 14-4, Supt 14 Air/Wildland 44
Camp 16 Tujunga Crew 16-1, Crew 16-2, Crew 16-3, Crew 16-4, Crew 16-5, Supt 16 Air/Wildland 44
Camp 17 La Verne Crew 17-1, Crew 17-2, Crew 17-3, Supt 17 Air/Wildland 44
Camp 19 East Fork Crew 19-1, Crew 19-2, Crew 19-3, Crew 19-4, Crew 19-5, Crew 19-6, Supt 19 Air/Wildland 44
Barton Heliport Pacoima Copter 11, Copter 12, Copter 14, Copter 15, Copter 16, Copter 17, Copter 18, Copter 19, Copter 21, Copter 22, Heavy Helitender 1 Air/Wildland 42
Brackett Field LaVerne Helitender 5, (EAST COUNTY AIR OPS) Air/Wildland 42

Communications Center[edit]

LACoFD Dispatch And Communications Center

The LACoFD is currently dispatched from the P. Michael Freeman Command And Control Facility at the county fire operations center in East Los Angeles. (Location: 34.0526454N, 118.1724628W)

In popular culture[edit]

Paramedic Rescue Squad 51 from the NBC-Universal television series, Emergency!.

The Los Angeles County Fire Department has been featured in multiple different television series.

  • Volcano, 1997 movie featuring Tommy Lee Jones.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Originally Engine 216, redesignated in 2009 to honor Firefighter Jim Howe.[16]
  2. ^ Call Fire Fighters
  3. ^ Call Fire Fighters, housed on a separate yard
  4. ^ Supplemented by Call Fire Fighters directly responding to scene
  5. ^ Call Fire Fighters
  6. ^ Call Fire Fighters
  7. ^ Call Fire Fighters
  8. ^ Call Fire Fighters
  9. ^ Station 127 served as Station 51 on the famous tv-show "Emergency".
  10. ^ Call Fire Fighters
  11. ^ Call Fire Fighters
  12. ^ Call Fire Fighters

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "2016 Statistic Summary" (PDF). Los Angeles County Fire. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  2. ^ "2017-18 Recommended Budget" (PDF). Los Angeles County Fire. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  3. ^ "Chief Osby". LA County Fire. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  4. ^ McKibben, Dave (9 February 2005). "L.A. County to Absorb La Habra's Fire Unit". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  5. ^ "LACoFD Overview March 2017" (PDF).
  6. ^ "2017 Run Survey". FireHouse. Firehouse Magazine. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  7. ^ a b https://fire.lacounty.gov/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/LACoFD-2020-Annual-Report_072822_Final_Sm.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  8. ^ Sewell, Abby (17 September 2013). "L.A. County to use fire camps for some long-term jail inmates". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  9. ^ Mehta, Seema (17 September 2013). "Los Angeles County to send 500 inmates to fire camps". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  10. ^ Vaccaro, Bob (20 March 2009). "Return of the Tiller Quint". Firefighter Nation. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  11. ^ Pociask, Martin. "Los Angeles County Fire Department Air Operations Section" (PDF). Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  12. ^ STILES, MATT (2019-11-03). "Inside a wealthy L.A. man's effort to help pilots fight wildfires from a remote mountain base". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2019-11-08.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Air Operations". Code 2. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Los Angeles County Fire". Code2High. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  15. ^ "Los Angeles County Fire Equipment". FireDepartment.net. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  16. ^ "StackPath".
  17. ^ "Rescue 8". IMDb. 23 September 1958. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  18. ^ "Q & A with Randolph Mantooth". route51.com. 1 February 2014. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  19. ^ Carter, Bill (1995-07-03). "Media: TELEVISION; Stand aside, CNN. America's No. 1 TV export is – no scoffing, please – 'Baywatch". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-08-10.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°3′N 118°15′W / 34.050°N 118.250°W / 34.050; -118.250