Los Angeles Metro Rail

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Los Angeles Metro Rail
Lametro.svg
Overview
Locale Los Angeles County, California
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines
Line number Blue Line Blue Line 
Red Line Red Line 
Green Line Green Line 
Gold Line Gold Line 
Purple Line Purple Line 
Expo Line Expo Line 
Number of stations 93[1]
Daily ridership 359,016 (2017;
avg. weekday boardings)[2]
Website Metro
Operation
Began operation July 14, 1990; 28 years ago (1990-07-14)[1][3]
Operator(s) Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro)
Headway 4–8 mins (peak); 10–20 mins (off-peak)
Technical
System length 105 mi (169.0 km)[1]
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
(standard gauge)
Electrification 750 V DC
System map
A map of the five train lines (Metro Rail) and two rapid bus lines (Metro Busway) in the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority system. There are a red line and a purple line going from east to west in the upper part of the map and a gold line in the northeast corner. There is a blue line going from north to south in the middle of the map, and a green line going from east to west near the bottom.

The Los Angeles Metro Rail is an urban rail transporation system serving Los Angeles County, California. It consists of six lines, including two rapid transit subway lines (the Red and Purple lines) and four light rail lines (the Blue, Green, Gold and Expo lines) serving 93 stations. It connects with the Metro Busway bus rapid transit system (the Orange Line and Silver Line) and also with the Metrolink commuter rail system.

Metro Rail, which had an average daily weekday ridership of 359,016 in 2017,[2] is owned and operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) and started service in 1990. It has been extended significantly since that time and several further extensions are either in the works or being considered.

Los Angeles had two previous rail transit systems, the Pacific Electric Red Car and Los Angeles Railway Yellow Car lines, which operated between the late 19th century and the 1960s. The Metro Rail system utilizes many of their former rights-of-way, and thus can be considered their indirect successor.[4]

Current system[edit]

Lines[edit]

In Los Angeles Metro terminology, common with most other metro systems, a line is a named service, defined by a route and set of stations served by trains on that route. (The word does not refer to a physical rail corridor, as it does in New York City Subway nomenclature.) Metro Rail lines are for the most part named after colors, and these colors are used to distinguish the lines on Metro's maps. (The one exception is the Expo Line, which nevertheless is consistently colored aqua on maps.) Metro also uses colors for its Metro Busway services (which are bus services operating in transitways). There is a proposal to rename all metro rail and BRT lines with letters or numbers or. combo of both.[5] This proposal would be fully implemented after completion of the Regional Connector project, re-assigning the lines in the order they were put into service.

Six Metro Rail lines operate in Los Angeles County:[1]

Line name Opening[1] Length[1] Stations[1] Termini Type
Blue Line Blue Line  1990 22 mi (35 km) 22 7th Street/Metro Center (north)
Downtown Long Beach (south)
Light rail
Expo Line Expo Line  2012 15.1 mi (24.3 km) 19 7th Street/Metro Center (east)
Santa Monica (west)
Light rail
Gold Line Gold Line  2003 31 mi (50 km) 27 APU/Citrus College (north)
Atlantic (south)
Light rail
Green Line Green Line  1995 20 mi (32 km) 14 Redondo Beach (west)
Norwalk (east)
Light rail
Purple Line Purple Line  2006[a] 6.4 mi (10.3 km)[6] 8 Wilshire/Western (west)
Union Station (east)
Heavy rail
Red Line Red Line  1993 16.4 mi (26.4 km)[6] 14 North Hollywood (north)
Union Station (south)
Heavy rail
  1. ^ The segments on which the Purple Line operates opened as part of the Red Line corridor in 1993 and 1996. The Purple Line was not defined as a distinct line until 2006.

The Red and Purple lines follow a fully underground route (subway), and the Green Line follows a fully elevated route. The Blue, Expo and Gold Line routes run in a mix of environments, including at-grade street running, at-grade in an exclusive corridor, elevated, and underground.[1]

The two heavy-rail lines (Red and Purple) share tracks between Union Station and Wilshire/Vermont, while two of the light-rail lines (Blue and Expo) share tracks between 7th St/Metro Center and Pico. Future system expansions are expected to use shared light-rail tracks.

Stations[edit]

Two Siemens P2000 trainsets on the Gold Line
Metro Gold Line at Atlantic Station.
Westbound Metro Green Line train to Redondo Beach Station arrives at Long Beach Boulevard Station.
Metro Red Line train entering Union Station.
Metro Blue Line train stationed at Downtown Long Beach (formerly known as Transit Mall) Station.
Metro Expo Line train departing from La Cienega/Jefferson station to Downtown LA.

The large majority of light rail stations are either at ground level or elevated, while a handful are underground. All heavy rail stations are underground.

Stations include at least two ticket vending machines, wayfinding maps, electronic message displays, and bench seating. Each station features unique artwork reflecting local culture and/or the function of transit in society.

Stations are unstaffed during regular hours. Call boxes are available at most stations to allow employees at the Metro Rail Operations Control Center to assist passengers with concerns.

Metro Rail uses a proof-of-payment fare system, with Metro's fare inspectors randomly inspecting trains and stations to ensure passengers have a valid fare product on their Transit Access Pass (TAP) electronic fare card. When passengers enter a station, they encounter TAP card validators which collect fares when a customer places their card on top. Additionally, fare gates (turnstiles) connected to TAP card validators at all underground stations, all elevated stations and some surface stations. Once passengers pass these validators or board a train, they have entered the "fare paid zone," where fare inspectors may check their TAP card to ensure they have a valid fare.

Underground stations are typically large in size with a mezzanine level for fare sales and collection above a platform level where passengers board trains.

Street-level stations are typically more simple with platforms designed with shade canopies, separated from nearby roads and sidewalks, where passengers can purchase fares and board a train.

Subway stations and tunnels are designed to resist earthquakes of up to magnitude 7.5.

Some suburban stations have free or paid park and ride lots available and most have bike storage available.

Rolling stock[edit]

Metro Rail maintains two distinct systems of rail: a light rail system and a heavy rail system. The heavy rail and light rail systems are incompatible with each other, even though they both use 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge. Metro's heavy rail lines are powered by third rail, whereas its light rail lines are powered by overhead catenary. Also, the two separate systems have different loading gauge, and platforms are designed to match the separate car widths.

Hours of operation[edit]

All Metro Rail lines run regularly between 5am and midnight, seven days a week. Limited service on particular segments is provided after midnight and before 5am. On Friday and Saturday evenings, service operates until approximately 2am. There is no rail service between 2am and 3:30am, except on special occasions such as New Year's Eve. Service operates every 5–10 minutes during the peak period, every 10–15 minutes during middays and during the day on weekends, and every 20 minutes during the evening until the close of service. Exact times vary from route to route.

Fares and fare collection[edit]

The standard Metro base fare applies for all trips. Fare collection is based on a partial proof-of-payment system. At least two fare machines are at each station. Fare inspectors, local police and deputy sheriffs police the system and cite individuals without fares. Passengers are required to purchase a TAP card to enter stations equipped with fare gates. Passengers using a TAP card can transfer between Metro routes for free within 2 hours from the first tap.

The following table shows Metro fares, effective May 15, 2018 (in US dollars):

Fare type Regular Senior (62+)
Disabled
Medicare
College
Vocational
Student K-12
Base fare $1.75 $0.35 (off-peak)
$0.75 (peak)
$1
1-Day Pass $7 $2.50
7-Day Pass $25
30-Day Pass $100 $20 $43 $24
Metro-to-Muni Transfer $0.50 $0.25

Transit Access Pass (TAP) and fare gates[edit]

Metro has implemented a system of electronic fare collection using a stored value smartcard called the Transit Access Pass (or TAP Card). This card was intended to simplify fare collection and reduce costs.[7] In 2012, paper monthly passes were phased out and replaced with the TAP Card. As of September 2013, first-time Metro riders must deposit an additional $2 (or $1 at TAP vending machines) on top of their first fare payment to obtain a reloadable TAP Card.

In addition, Metro began installing fare gates in 2008, at all heavy rail stations, select light rail stations, and all future stations.[citation needed] Implementation of both programs (the TAP Card and the fare gate program) has turned out to be expensive ($154 million in total, so far) and its initial rollout was problematic.[8]

Ridership[edit]

As of the fourth quarter of 2014, the combined Metro Red and Purple lines averaged a weekday ridership of 135,000,[9] making it the ninth busiest heavy rail (rapid transit) system in the United States. Taking overall track length into consideration, Metro Rail's heavy rail lines transport 8,793 passengers per route mile, making this the fifth busiest system U.S. rapid transit system on a per mile basis.

Metro's light rail system is the second busiest LRT system in the United States and largest in the Western United States and California by ridership, with 200,800 average weekday boardings during Q4 2014.[9] Additionally, the Blue Line is the second largest light rail line by ridership in the United States with an average weekday ridership of 89,646 in 2013,[10][11] after the Boston MBTA Green Line system's daily ridership of 221,400 (in Q4 2013),[12] though the Boston Green Line has four outbound termini, so its 23 miles (37 km) of route service a larger lateral area than the Blue Line's 22 miles (35 km), but over a shorter length.

Security and safety[edit]

Half of the Metro Rail's trains and stations are patrolled by the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, under a law enforcement contract. The Los Angeles Police Department, and Long Beach Police Department, also patrol stations within their respective cities, also under contract.[13] The system is also monitored by security personnel by closed-circuit television cameras in Metro Rail stations and subway cars.[14]

History[edit]

In the early 20th century, Southern California had an extensive privately owned rail transit network with over 1,000 miles (1,600 km) of track, operated by Pacific Electric (Red Cars) and Los Angeles Railway (Yellow Cars). However, from 1927 revenue shortfall caused Pacific Electric to begin replacing lightly used rail lines with buses. In 1958 the remnants of the privately owned rail and bus systems were consolidated into a government agency known as the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority or MTA. By 1963 the remaining rail lines were completely removed and replaced with bus service.

In the following decades, growing traffic congestion led to increased public support for rail transit's return. Beginning in the 1970s, a variety of factors, including environmental concerns, an increasing population and the price of gasoline led to calls for mass transit other than buses. The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA, now branded as Metro) began construction of the initial lines throughout the 1980s using revenues from a voter-approved increase in sales tax. The Blue Line finally opened on July 14, 1990, some 27 years after the final streetcar line closed. Since that date, the system has been developed to its current size. The following table shows this expansion's timeline:

Segment description Date opened Line(s) Endpoints # of new
stations
Length
(miles)
Blue Line Initial Segment July 14, 1990 Blue Pico to Anaheim Street 17 19.1
Blue Line Long Beach Loop September 1, 1990 Blue Anaheim Street to Pacific 4 2.2
Blue Line To Financial District February 15, 1991 Blue Pico to 7th St/Metro Center 1 0.7
Red Line MOS-1 January 30, 1993 Red, Purple[a] Union Station to Westlake/MacArthur Park 4[b] 4.4
Green Line August 12, 1995 Green Redondo Beach to Norwalk 13[b] 20.0
Red Line MOS-2 West July 13, 1996 Red, Purple[a] Westlake/MacArthur Park to Wilshire/Western 3 2.0
Red Line MOS-2 North June 12, 1999 Red Wilshire/Vermont to Hollywood/Vine 5 4.7
Red Line MOS-3 June 24, 2000 Red Hollywood/Vine to North Hollywood 3 6.3
Gold Line Initial Segment July 26, 2003 Gold Union Station to Sierra Madre Villa 12[b] 13.7
Gold Line Eastside Extension November 15, 2009 Gold Union Station to Atlantic 8 6.0
Expo Line Initial Segment April 28, 2012 Expo Flower/Washington to La Cienega/Jefferson[c] 8 7.6
Expo Line Culver City Extension June 20, 2012 Expo La Cienega/Jefferson to Culver City 2[d] 1.0
Gold Line Foothill Extension March 5, 2016[15] Gold Sierra Madre Villa to APU/Citrus College 6[15] 11.5[15]
Expo Line Santa Monica Extension May 20, 2016[16] Expo Culver City to Santa Monica 7[16] 6.6[16]
TOTAL 93 105.8[e]
  1. ^ a b Segment opened as part of the Red Line corridor. The Purple Line was not defined as a distinct line until 2006.
  2. ^ a b c Segment also included significant expansion of an existing station: this was not counted as a new station.
  3. ^ In terms of added trackage; Expo Line has thru service to 7th St/ Metro Center.
  4. ^ Expansion included new infill station.
  5. ^ Likely varies from the "official" Metro figure due to rounding differences.

Future[edit]

Service patterns planned upon completion of the Regional Connector, with lettered lines

Metro has worked over the past several years to plan and prioritize project funding and implementation. Metro's 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) was developed to provide a long-term vision of transportation system development for the next 30 years.[17]

Measure R, a countywide incrememental sales tax increase passed by voters in 2008, provides funding for many of the highest priority projects in the LRTP.[18] Measure J, a proposed extension of the Measure R sales tax for an additional 30 years that would have allowed for acceleration of the construction timeline for many of the LRTP projects appeared on the November, 6th 2012 ballot in Los Angeles County.[19] However, Measure J did not succeed, garnering 66.11% of the vote, just short of the ⅔ majority needed to pass. The result has prompted some to reconsider the utility of a ⅔ vote threshold for passage of transit taxes.[20][21] In 2015, Metro contemplated renaming its light rail lines using a letter-based scheme,[22][23] but has not adopted the proposal as of September 2017.

In November 2016, voters approved Measure M, a half-cent sales tax increase to fund transportation projects, including Metro Rail expansion.[24]

Current and priority projects[edit]

The following rail projects have been given high priority by Metro. They all appear in the 2009 LRTP constrained plan,[17] and all have funding earmarked from Measure R.[18][25] With the passage of Measure M in 2016, Metro released an updated Long Range Transportation plan on February 2017.[17] along with its Twenty-eight by '28 initiative.[26]

Concept name Description Construction Operational Status
Crenshaw/LAX Line Constructs a new light rail route starting at an underground station at the current Crenshaw/Expo station on the Expo Line at Crenshaw Blvd and running south to connect to the Green Line near the current Aviation/LAX station. 2014–19 Late 2019 Under construction [27]
Regional Connector Creates a new light rail tunnel through Downtown Los Angeles linking the Blue, Gold and Expo Lines. 2015–20 Late 2021 Under construction [28][29]
Purple Line Extension Phase one extending the Purple Line west along Wilshire Blvd to La Cienega, phase two extending a further three miles to Century City Station thru Beverly Hills. Phase three will consist of two further stations -- at Westwood near UCLA, and at the West Los Angeles VA Medical Center. All currently under construction with plans to finish all three phases in time for the 2028 Summer Olympics, which the city will host. UCLA will be site of the Olympic Village. 2015–26 2023 (Phase 1) / 2025 (Phase 2) / 2026 (Phase 3) Under construction [30][31][32][33]
Airport Metro Connector Will connect LAX terminals and a new rental car facility to the Metro Rail system through the construction an automated people mover system and an infill light rail station, Aviation/96th Street station, which will be served by the Crenshaw/LAX and Green Lines. Built in cooperation with Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA). 2018–23 2023 Under construction [34][35][36]
Gold Line Foothill Extension Phase 2B Further extends the Gold Line eastward 11.5 miles to Montclair from APU/Citrus College station in Azusa. 2018–26 2026 Pre-construction [37][38][39]
East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor Light rail line connecting the east San Fernando Valley to the Orange Line, largely along Van Nuys Blvd and San Fernando Road. The Sepulveda Pass Transit Corridor is immediately to the south of Van Nuys Blvd corridor; if a rail alternative is selected for both corridors, they may eventually be merged into one route. 2021 2027 Final EIR in progress [40][41]
Gold Line Eastside Transit Corridor Phase 2 Extends the Gold Line from its current East LA terminus eastward. Two routes – either along Washington Boulevard to Whittier or along SR-60 to South El Monte – are under consideration. Metro directors have expressed interest in building both routes if funding becomes available. 2025 2035 Three LPA's optioned / Draft EIR published. [42]
South Bay Green Line Extension Extends the Green Line from its current terminus in Redondo Beach toward the South Bay and Torrance. 2026 By 2028 Four LPA's optioned / Draft EIR in progress [43]
West Santa Ana Branch Transit Corridor Creates a new light route connecting downtown LA to Artesia and the Gateway Cities, much of it along the West Santa Ana Branch, a disused Pacific Electric right-of-way. The downtown terminus is still undetermined; possibilities include the Arts District, and Union Station. 2022 2028[44] Four LPA's optioned/ Draft EIR in progress [45][46][47]
Sepulveda Pass Transit Corridor Planning underway on a rail connection between the Orange Line and the East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor (see above) in the Valley to the Purple and Expo Lines on the Westside. Modes under consideration including a standalone heavy rail subway; a continuation of the heavy rail Purple Line; a light rail continuation of the East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor; or a monorail or rubber-tired metro, which unlike the other modes could traverse the Sepulveda Pass without tunneling. Existing local funding sources will provide approximately $5.7 billion for the project for a scheduled opening in the early 2030s; additional funds, including from public-private partnerships, are being sought to complete the line before the 2028 Summer Olympics. 2028 2039 Six LPA's analysis in progress / Draft EIR in progress [48][49]
Crenshaw Northern Extension Rail Project Create a new light rail or subway line connecting the Metro Red Line's Hollywood/Highland station south to the Metro Purple Line, and the Crenshaw Line's Expo/Crenshaw Station via Santa Monica Boulevard in West Hollywood. Possible north/south routes including Fairfax, La Brea, La Cienega Boulevard and San Vicente Boulevard. An extension north of the Crenshaw Line is included as a Tier 1 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in the 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan. The city council approved in May of 2018, to expedite its own environmental study to speed up the approval process with Metro. Metro's 2018 budget included $500,000 to begin the draft environmental studies for the extension project. Local residents created the West Hollywood Advocates for Metro Rail to advocate a new LRT or HRT. West Hollywood has publicly stated they prefer all routes be underground thru Santa Monica boulevard. 2041 2047 Five LPA's analysis in progress / Draft EIR in progress [50][51][52][53]
North Hollywood-Pasadena BRT Create a new East/West Bus Rapid Transit route connecting Metro's Memorial Park station in San Gabriel Valley to the North Hollywood station in Los Angeles' San Fernando Valley along State Route 134 with possible stops in Eagle Rock, Glendale and Burbank. Metro currently has Measure M and SB-1 state funds to create the line. Projected is set to cost under $267 million to construct. The BRT is expected to begin construction by 2020 and open by 2024 with approximately 13 stations. Part of the Twenty-eight by '28 initiative. 2020 2023 Three BRT LPA's analysis in progress / Draft EIR in progress [50][54][55]
Vermont Transit Corridor Create a new north/south subway route down Vermont Avenue extending the Red Line at the Wilshire/Vermont Station south, to the Metro Expo Line and Green Line. Included as a Tier 2 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan; a Bus rapid transit line has been funded in the near term by Measure M, but studies will be conducted for possible heavy rail transit, as the Vermont corridor is Metro's second busiest public transportation corridor. BRT 2024; HRT Unknown BRT 2028; HRT 2060 LPA's analysis funded / Pending Draft EIR for BRT [50][56][57]
Orange Line LRT Conversion Converting the current Orange Line Bus Rapid Transit route into LRT. Made possible after the 2014 repeal of state legislation prohibiting LRT along the Orange Line right of way, which had been enacted due to neighborhood opposition in the 1990s. Bridges along the busway are designed to LRT standards, but the project would require substantial service disruption as the roadway is replaced by rails and catenary wire installed. Some Valley politicians and pressure groups have endorsed the proposal; critics have suggested funding would be better spent on adding new lines along other corridors in the Valley. Long terms plans include complete conversion in phases with full replacement by 2057. Metro commenced BRT upgrades in 2018 by adding more grade crossing gates, two new over cross bridges at Van Nuys Blvd and Sepulveda Blvd, reducing travel time by 20%. 2051 2057 No current funds available for LRT until 2051 [58][59][60]
Lincoln Blvd BRT/LRT Line Extend the Green Line from LAX northwest to Venice and Santa Monica Beach and possibly connect with the Expo Lines western terminus. The Green Line was originally engineered to maintain compatibility with this extension. Included in City of Los Angeles Westside Mobility Plan, and as a Tier 2 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan. BRT 2043; LRT Unknown BRT 2047; LRT Unknown No LPA or EIR conducted [50][61]
Arts District Station Extend the Purple and Red Lines from their eastern terminus at Union Station, south along the river to the Arts District, and possibly across the river along Whittier Blvd. to the Eastside. Not included in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan. However, Metro is studying the possibility of adding one or two stops along the river in the Arts District as part of a project to improve and expand the rail yard already in the area to accommodate increased headways once the Purple Line extension west is completed. Draft Environmetal study funds were appropriated in the 2018 Metro budget. Draft EIR in progress. Metro advocates no Measure M or R funds are available for construction. Unknown Unknown LPA Draft Environmental Study funded [62][63][64]

Other expansion concepts[edit]

The following proposed line/system expansions do not have funding or high priority in Metro's long-range plans. Some are listed as "strategic unfunded" in the last Long Range Transportation Plan, indicating some possibility they could be constructed should additional funding materialize. Others have been the subject of Metro Board discussion, with the possibility of future feasibility studies. (More information on each project can be found in the references.)

Note a major update of Metro plans is underway, with a view to seeking additional funding via a ballot measure and updating the Long Range Transportation Plan. The results of early planning studies as a part of that process are expected to be made public in approximately February 2015, and may result in the addition of new proposed projects, changes to concepts listed below, and the removal of concepts whose popularity has declined since 2009.

Concept Name Description Source
Burbank-Glendale Line Would connect Downtown Los Angeles to Glendale and Burbank. Studied in the 1990s, and included as a Tier 1 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan.[50]
Red Line To Burbank Airport Extend the Metro Red Line 3.2 miles (5.1 km) from its northwestern terminus to Burbank Airport. Included as a Tier 2 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan.[50]
Green Line To Norwalk Metrolink Extend the Green Line east to Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs station (Metrolink). Included as a Tier 1 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan.[50] [65]
"Silver Line" (former name) New light-rail line planned to connect El Monte to Hollywood, via Valley Blvd corridor and Santa Monica Boulevard. Included as a Tier 2 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan.[50] Silver Line website (archived),[66] The Transit Coalition website.[67]
Yellow Line (Downtown to West Hollywood to Century City) Union Station to West Hollywood via Sunset Boulevard in Silver lake to Santa Monica Boulevard west merging with the Pink Line until diverting west to connect with the under construction Purple Line Century City Station. Listed as one of several Tier 2 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in the 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan.[50]
Harbor Line Light rail line to connect harbor area (San Pedro) to Metro Blue Line or Green Line. Floated in LA City Council motions and Metro Harbor Subdivision studies. A further southward extension to the Green Line is included as a Tier 1 Strategic Unfunded Plan project in the 2009 Long Range Transportation Plan. Other plans could lead to the Silver Line being converted to rail.[50] Citizens for a Harbor Line (blog)[68]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Facts At A Glance". Metro. November 18, 2016. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  2. ^ a b "Interactive Estimated Ridership Stats". Metro. Los Angeles Country Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  3. ^ "20 Years of Metro Rail". Metro. 2010. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
  4. ^ Taplin, Michael (1991). "City of the Automobile: Los Angeles looks to Light Rail London". Light Rail Review 2. Platform 5 Publishing/Light Rail Transit Association. pp. 27–30. ISBN 1-872524-23-0.
  5. ^ "Letter Designations for Fixed Guideway Lines" (pdf). Metro. April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-04.
  6. ^ a b "Regional Connector Transit Corridor Project Contract No. E0119 – Operations and Maintenance Plan (Final)" (PDF). 2.1 Metro Light Rail Overview. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. September 10, 2013. p. 2–1. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  7. ^ "Fares". Metro. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
  8. ^ "MTA's $46M system of locking turnstiles sits unused, waiting for fare cards to be adopted - LA Daily News". Dailynews.com. August 21, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
  9. ^ a b "Transit Ridership Report Second Quarter 2018" (pdf). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). August 24, 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-09 – via https://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/ridershipreport.aspx.
  10. ^ "Metro Ridership - Rail". Service Performance Analysis, Metro. Retrieved 2015-04-05 – via https://www.metro.net/news/pages/ridership-statistics/.
  11. ^ "Monthly Ridership Plot" (pdf). Service Performance Analysis, Metro. March 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-05.
  12. ^ "Public Transportation Ridership Report Fourth Quarter 2013" (pdf). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). February 26, 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-05 – via http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/ridershipreport.aspx.
  13. ^ "LAPD Officers to Patrol Metro Buses, Trains in the City of Los Angeles". lamayor.org. February 23, 2017.
  14. ^ "Riders with Other Forms of Transport Switching to Metro". www.metro.net. September 13, 2006. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
  15. ^ a b c Nelson, Laura (March 5, 2016). "San Gabriel commuters cheer as Gold Line rail extension officially opens". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016-03-06.
  16. ^ a b c Hymon, Steve (February 25, 2016). "17 things to know about Expo 2 opening on May 20". The Source. Metro. Retrieved 2016-05-21.
  17. ^ a b c "Long Range Transportation Plan". Metro. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
  18. ^ a b "Measure R". Metro. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
  19. ^ "Measure J". Metro. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
  20. ^ "Measure J Fails". County of Los Angeles Registrar-Recorder. Retrieved 2013-01-12.
  21. ^ "Transit Backers Seek to Change State Law". Los Angeles Times. December 4, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-12.
  22. ^ Steve Hymon (April 7, 2015). "PowerPoint: Metro staff proposal to rename rail and BRT lines". The Source. Metro.
  23. ^ "LA Metro Could Switch Rail Line Names From Colors To Letters". Curbed Los Angeles. Curbed Staff. April 3, 2015.
  24. ^ Nelson, Laura J. (June 23, 2016). "Metro puts half-cent sales tax increase for transportation projects on November ballot". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
  25. ^ "Transit Program - Project Management - Project Budget and Schedule Status" (pdf). Metro. June 19, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-16.
  26. ^ https://www.metro.net/projects/lrtp/
  27. ^ "Crenshaw/LAX Transit Corridor". Metro. March 4, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-29.
  28. ^ "Regional Connector Transit Corridor". Metro. May 20, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-27.
  29. ^ Steve Hymon (September 30, 2014). "Ground is broken for Regional Connector project to link Blue, Expo and Gold Lines". The Source. Metro. Retrieved 2014-11-19.
  30. ^ "Purple Line Extension (project website)". Metro. February 11, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-29.
  31. ^ "Summer 2013 - General Fact Sheet - Purple Line Extension" (pdf). Metro. Retrieved 2013-07-25.
  32. ^ Notice to proceed issued for section 2 of the Purple Line Extension, the source.metro.net, 2017/04/27.
  33. ^ Dave Sotero (November 10, 2014). "Long wait over: groundbreaking held for Wilshire Boulevard subway extension". The Source. Metro. Retrieved 2014-11-19.
  34. ^ "Airport Metro Connector". Metro. Retrieved 2014-11-19.
  35. ^ "City Council approves long-awaited people mover to LAX". Los Angeles Times. April 11, 2018. Archived from the original on April 12, 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  36. ^ http://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/fluor-announces-financial-close-on-los-angeles-international-airport-automated-people-mover-1026847083
  37. ^ https://archpaper.com/2017/06/la-gold-line-extension/
  38. ^ https://www.dailybulletin.com/2018/04/26/theres-now-enough-money-to-build-the-gold-line-through-to-montclair/
  39. ^ https://la.curbed.com/2017/6/23/15858170/metro-gold-line-extension-claremont-montclair
  40. ^ "East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor". Metro. July 8, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-16.
  41. ^ http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-van-nuys-rail-20180628-story.html
  42. ^ "Eastside Transit Corridor Phase 2". Metro. May 6, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-16.
  43. ^ "South Bay Metro Green Line Extension". Metro. March 24, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-16.
  44. ^ https://urbanize.la/post/here-are-28-projects-metro-could-complete-2028-olympics
  45. ^ "West Santa Ana Transit Corridor". Metro. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
  46. ^ "Home". pacificelectriccorridor.com. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
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External links[edit]

Media related to LACMTA Metro Rail at Wikimedia Commons

Route map:

KML is not from Wikidata