Los Angeles Fire Department
|"Serving With Courage, Integrity, and Pride"|
|Established||February 1, 1886|
|Annual calls||406,088 (2013)|
|Annual budget||$632,940,936 (2016)|
|Fire chief||Ralph Terrazas|
|EMS level||ALS & BLS|
|Facilities and equipment|
|Ambulances||89 ALS & 34 BLS (24 reserve)|
|Wildland||15 - Type 6|
The Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD/LA City Fire) provides fire prevention, firefighting, emergency medical services, technical rescue, hazardous materials to the city of Los Angeles, California, United States. The LAFD is responsible for approximately 4 million people who live in the agency's 471 square miles (1,220 km2) jurisdiction.
The Los Angeles Fire Department founded in 1886 is one of the largest municipal fire departments in the United States, after the New York City Fire Department and the Chicago Fire Department. The department may be unofficially referred to as the Los Angeles City Fire Department or "LA City Fire" to distinguish it from the Los Angeles County Fire Department which serves the county and whose name may directly confuse people, as the county seat is the city. Another possible reason is that the city and the unincorporated County are often bordering each other and thus the two appear to be serving the same area. The department is currently under the command of chief Ralph Terrazas.
The Los Angeles Fire Department has it origins in the year 1871. In September of that year, George M. Fall, the County Clerk for Los Angeles County organized Engine Company No. 1. It was a volunteer firefighting force with an Amoskeag fire engine and a hose jumper (cart). The equipment was hand-drawn to fires. In the spring of 1874, the fire company asked the Los Angeles City Council to purchase horses to pull the engine. The Council refused and the fire company disbanded.
Many of the former members of Engine Company No. 1 reorganized under the name of Thirty-Eights No. 1 in May 1875, Engine Co. No. 2 was organized under the name Confidence Engine Company.
Los Angeles acquired its first "hook and ladder" truck for the Thirty-Eights. It proved to be too cumbersome and was ill-adapted to the needs of the city. It was sold to the city of Wilmington. In 1876, another "hook and ladder" truck was purchased, serving in the city until 1881.
In 1878, a third fire company was formed by the residents in the neighborhood of Sixth Street and Park. It was given the name of "Park Hose Co. No. 1". East Los Angeles formed a hose company named "East Los Angeles Hose Co. No. 2" five years later. The final volunteer company was formed in the fall of 1883 in the Morris Vineyard area. This company was called "Morris Vineyard Hose Co. No.3."
All of these companies remained in service until February 1, 1886, when the present paid fire department came into existence.
In 1877, the first horses were bought for the city fire department. The department would continue to use horses for its equipment for almost fifty years, phasing out the last horse drawn equipment on July 19, 1921.
By 1900, the Department had grown to 18 fire stations with 123 full-time paid firefighters and 80 fire horses. The city had also installed 194 fire-alarm boxes allowing citizens to sound the alarm if a fire was spotted. 660 fire hydrants were placed throughout the city, giving firefighters access to a reliable water source. In 1955 Station 78 in Studio City became the first racially integrated station in the department.
Types of apparatus
The department utilizes a wide array of apparatus and equipment. these are most but not all of the apparatus.
Triple Combination Engines
The triple combination Fire Engine or “TRIPLE” (as it is commonly called) is the most common type of firefighting apparatus in Los Angeles. The term “triple combination” refers to the apparatus having three components; water tank, high capacity water pump, and hose. The triple can be found as a one-piece engine company or as two engines assigned to a Task Force station. The “Triples” used by the LAFD have several parallel main pumps of varying capacities; 1,000 gpm, 1250 gpm, 1500 gpm,and 2000 gpm at 150 psi. Depending upon the area served, this apparatus may carry a combination of any or all of the following sizes of hose; 31/2″, 21/2″, 13/4″, 11/2″ and 1″. The water tank carrying capacity ranges from 300 gallons to 500 gallons. These apparatus are staffed by four members, including a Captain 1 as the company commander. A number of triples in the LAFD are also Paramedic assessment companies – meaning they include a Paramedic as part of the crew.
Light Forces and Task Forces
The LAFD uses the concept of Light Forces and Task Forces which can be considered one "Resource", although comprising more than one unit or company.
A Light Force is composed of a Pump Engine (200 Series, for example Engine 201 or Engine 301 for 100 stations)and a Ladder Truck. Light forces will almost always respond together as one unit or resource.
A Task Force is simply a Light Force coupled with an Engine. An Engine is considered a single unit or "resource" when responding to incidents on its own. A Task Force usually responds to larger incidents, such as structural fires, and is made up of an Engine, a 200 Series Pump Engine, and a Truck, all operating together. While a standard Engine is always staffed with a full crew, a 200 Series Pump Engine is only staffed by a driver (and one other firefighter if responding as part of a Task Force). The purpose of the 200 Series Pump Engine is to provide support and equipment to the Truck in a Light Force, and either the Truck or the Engine in a Task Force.
Rescue Ambulances (RAs), often called 'rescues' for short, can be considered either advanced life support (ALS), or basic life support (BLS). Ambulances number 1-112 are frontline ALS staffed by 2 firefighter / paramedics, while those in the 200 series are ALS reserves. Ambulances in the 800s are BLS staffed by 2 firefighter EMT's, while those in the 900s are BLS reserves.
The Air Operations division of the LAFD operates out of Fire Station 114 at Van Nuys Airport. The division has six helicopters available for both aerial firefighting and air medical services. Copter 1 and Copter 4 are both Bell 412s. Copter 2, Copter 3 and Copter 5 are all AgustaWestland AW139s. The final helicopter, Copter 6, is a Bell 206B.
The Port of Los Angeles is under the jurisdiction of the LAFD which operates 5 fireboats to provide fire protection for ships and dockside structures. Fireboat 1, Fireboat 3 and Fireboat 5 are identical 39-foot (12 m) long aluminum fireboats capable of a top speed of 29 knots (33 mph; 54 km/h) while fully loaded. They are equipped with a 2,400 US gal/min (9,100 L/min) pump and a 1,000 US gal/min (3,800 L/min) deluge gun. They also have a 50-US-gallon (190 L) firefighting foam capacity.
Fireboat 4, also known as the Bethel F. Gifford, was commissioned in 1962 and is the oldest of the fleet. It is capable of pumping water at 9,000 US gal/min (34,000 L/min) and carries 550 US gallons (2,082 L) of foam solution for petrochemical fires. It is equipped with jet-stream nozzles to allow for increased maneuverability.
The newest and most technologically advanced of the fireboats is the 105-foot (32 m) long Fireboat 2, also known as the Warner Lawrence, which has the capability to pump up to 38,000 US gallons per minute (140,000 L/min) up to 400 feet (120 m) in the air. Boat 2 also has an onboard area for treatment and care of rescued persons.
USAR Task Force 1
The Los Angeles Fire Department is the founding member of one of California's eight FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Forces. California Task Force 1 (CA-TF1) is available to respond to natural or man-made disasters around the county and world and assist with search and rescue, medical support, damage assessment and communications.
Stations and apparatus
The LAFD is divided into four operations divisions: The central bureau, and West bureau, and South bureau (formerly South division), and the valley Bureau (formerly north division). Each bureau is commanded by an Assistant Chief, who in turn commands a total of 3 Battalions, with the valley bureau having 5, with each battalion led by a battalion chief. The Los Angeles Fire Department currently operates 106 Fire Stations, organized into 14 Battalions
The central bureau comprises 3 battalions and approximately 21 fire stations with its headquarters station 3. The west and South bureaus are similar, the valley Bureau is the exception comprising 5 battalions. Below is a list of the apparatus and stations of the LAFD.
Note that stations with both a truck and a 200 series engine (pumper) will usually respond the two apparatus together as a lightforce. So, for example, Truck 1 and Engine 201 will often respond together as Light Force 1.
|1||Lincoln Heights||Engine 201
|Truck 1||Rescue 1
|2||Boyle Heights||Engine 2||Engine 202||Truck 2||Rescue 2||1|
& Bunker Hill
|Engine 3||Engine 203||Truck 3||Rescue 3
|4||Chinatown||Engine 4||Rescue 4
|Battalion 1||EMS 1||1|
|5||Westchester||Engine 5||Engine 205||Truck 5||Rescue 5||Battalion 4||USAR 5||4|
|6||Angeleno Heights||Engine 6||Rescue 6||11|
|7||Arleta||Engine 7||Rescue 7||12|
|8||Porter Ranch||Engine 8||Brush Patrol 8||15|
|9||Skid Row||Engine 9||Engine 209 Engine 409||Truck 9||Rescue 9
|10||Convention Center||Engine 10||Engine 210||Truck 10||Rescue 10
& MacArthur Park
|Engine 11||Engine 211||Truck 11||Rescue 11
|12||Highland Park||Engine 12||Engine 212||Truck 12||Rescue 12||2|
|13||Pico-Union||Engine 13||Rescue 13||Battalion 11
|14||Newton||Engine 14||Rescue 14
|15||USC/Exposition Park||Engine 15||Engine 215||Truck 15||Rescue 15||11|
|16||South El Sereno||Engine 16||Rescue 16||2|
|17||Industrial Eastside||Engine 17||Rescue 17||Foam Tender 17
|18||Knollwood||Engine 18||Rescue 18||15|
|19||Brentwood||Engine 19||Rescue 19||Brush Patrol 19||9|
|20||Echo Park||Engine 220
|Truck 20||Rescue 20
|Fast Response 1||11|
|21||South Los Angeles||Engine 21||Engine 221||Truck 21||Rescue 21
|Squad 21 HazMat||13|
|23||Palisades Highlands||Engine 23||Rescue 23||Brush Patrol 23||9|
|24||Sunland||Engine 24||Brush Patrol 24||12|
|25||Boyle Heights||Engine 25||Rescue 25||Tunnel Rescue 25
|26||West Adams||Engine 26||Engine 226||Truck 26||Rescue 26
|27||Hollywood||Engine 27||Engine 227||Truck 27||Rescue 27
|Battalion 5||USAR 27||5|
|28||Porter Ranch||Engine 28||Rescue 828||Brush Patrol 28||15|
|29||Hancock Park||Engine 29||Engine 229||Truck 29||Rescue 29
|33||South Central||Engine 33||Engine 233||Truck 33||Rescue 33
|34||Crenshaw & Leimert Park||Engine 34||Rescue 34
|35||Los Feliz||Engine 35||Engine 235||Truck 35||Rescue 35
|Brush Patrol 35||5|
|36||San Pedro||Engine 36||Rescue 36||Foam Tender 36||6|
|Engine 37||Engine 237||Truck 37||Rescue 37
|38||Wilmington||Engine 38||Rescue 38||Tender 38, HazMat||6|
|39||Van Nuys||Engine 39||Engine 239||Truck 39||Rescue 39
|40||Terminal Island||Engine 40||Rehab/Air Tender||6|
|41||Hollywood Hills||Engine 41||Rescue 41||Brush Patrol 41||5|
|42||Eagle Rock||Engine 42||2|
|43||Palms||Engine 43||Engine 443||Rescue 43||18|
|44||Cypress Park||Engine 44||Rescue 844||Brush Patrol 44, Swift Water Rescue 44||2|
|46||Coliseum Area||Engine 46||Rescue 46
|47||El Sereno||Engine 47||Rescue 47||Brush Patrol 47||2|
|48||San Pedro||Engine 48||Engine 248||Truck 48||Rescue 48
|Squad 48 HazMat||6|
|49||East Harbor||Engine 49||Rescue 49
|Battalion 6||Fireboat 3, Fireboat 4||6|
|50||Atwater Village||Engine 250
|Truck 50||Rescue 850||2|
|51||LAX||Engine 51||Rescue 51||4|
|52||Hollywood||Engine 52||Rescue 52||5|
|55||Eagle Rock||Engine 55||Rescue 55||Battalion 2||2|
|56||Silver Lake||Engine 56||Rescue 56||Heavy Rescue 56||5|
|57||South Central||Engine 57||Rescue 57
|58||Pico-Robertson||Engine 58||Engine 458||Rescue 58
|59||West Los Angeles||Engine 59||Rescue 59||EMS 9||Rehab/Air Tender 59
|60||North Hollywood||Engine 60||Engine 260||Truck 60||Rescue 60
|Foam Tender 60||14|
|61||Fairfax||Engine 61||Engine 261||Truck 61||Rescue 61
|62||Mar Vista||Engine 62||Rescue 62||4|
|63||Venice||Engine 63||Engine 263||Truck 63||Rescue 63||4|
|64||South Los Angeles||Engine 64||Engine 264||Truck 64||Rescue 64
|65||Watts||Engine 65||Rescue 65
|66||South Los Angeles||Engine 66||Engine 266||Truck 66||Rescue 66
|Div 2 Command||13|
|67||Playa Vista||Engine 67||Rescue 867||4|
|68||Mid-City||Engine 68||Rescue 68||Battalion 18||18|
|69||Pacific Palisades||Engine 69||Engine 269||Truck 69||Rescue 69||9|
|70||Northridge||Engine 70||Rescue 70||Battalion 15
|71||Bel Air||Engine 71||Rescue 71||9|
|72||Canoga Park||Engine 72||Engine 472||Rescue 72
|Truck 73||Rescue 73
|Truck 74||Rescue 74
|Brush Patrol 74||12|
|75||Mission Hills||Engine 275
|Truck 75||Rescue 75
|76||Cahuenga Pass||Engine 76||Rescue 76||5|
|77||Sun Valley||Engine 77||Rescue 77||Water Tender 77||12|
|78||Studio City||Engine 278||Truck 78||Rescue 78
|Brush Patrol 78||14|
|79||Harbor Gateway||Engine 79||Rescue 79||6|
|81||Panorama City||Engine 81||Engine 481||Rescue 81
|82||Hollywood||Engine 82||Rescue 82||Command 52||5|
|83||Encino||Engine 83||Rescue 83||Light Unit, Rehab/Air Tender||10|
|84||Woodland Hills||Engine 84||Rescue 84||Battalion 17
|Brush Patrol 84
|85||Harbor City||Engine 85||Engine 285||Truck 85||Rescue 85||Medical Supply
|86||Toluca Lake||Engine 86||Rescue 86||14|
|87||Granada Hills||Engine 87||Engine 287||Truck 87||Rescue 87||Squad 87 HazMat
|88||Sherman Oaks||Engine 88||Engine 288||Truck 88||Rescue 88||Command 42||Water Tender 88
Swift Water Rescue 88
|89||North Hollywood||Engine 89||Engine 289
|Truck 89||Rescue 89
|90||Van Nuys Airport||Engine 90||Engine 290||Truck 90||Rescue 90
|Fuel Tender 1
Fuel Tender 2
|91||Sylmar||Engine 91||Rescue 91||Fast Response 401||12|
|92||Century City||Engine 292||Truck 92||Rescue 92
|93||Tarzana||Engine 93||Engine 293||Truck 93||Rescue 93||17|
|94||Crenshaw/Baldwin Hills||Engine 94||Engine 294||Truck 94||Rescue 94
|Brush Patrol 94||18|
|95||LAX||Engine 95||Engine 295||Truck 95||Rescue 95||Squad 95 HazMat||4|
|Truck 96||Rescue 96
|97||Laurel Canyon||Engine 97||Rescue 97||14|
|98||Pacoima||Engine 98||Engine 298||Truck 98||Rescue 98
|99||Beverly Glen||Engine 99||Rescue 99||Brush Patrol 99||10|
|100||Lake Balboa||Engine 100||Rescue 100||Foam Tender 100||10|
|101||San Pedro||Engine 101||Rescue 101||6|
|102||Valley Glen||Engine 102||Rescue 102||14|
|103||CSU Northridge||Engine 103||Rescue 903||15|
|104||Winnetka||Engine 104||Rescue 104||17|
|105||Woodland Hills||Engine 105||Engine 305||Truck 105||Rescue 105||17|
|106||West Hills||Engine 106||Rescue 106||17|
|107||Chatsworth||Engine 107||Rescue 107||15|
|108||Franklin Canyon Park||Engine 108||14|
|109||Encino Hills||Engine 109||Rescue 909||Brush Patrol 109||10|
|110||Fort MacArthur||Fireboat 5||6|
|111||Port of Los Angeles||Fireboat 1||6|
|112||Port of Los Angeles||Engine 112||Rescue 112||EMS 6||Fireboat 2
|114||Van Nuys Airport||Crash 114, Foam 114
In pop culture
The LAFD has been featured in many TV shows and movies. Sometimes the LAFD or LAFD equipment is just seen in the background.
- (1974) Firehouse, starring James Drury
- (1981–1982) Code Red, starring Lorne Greene
- (1995-2000) "LAPD Life On The Beat (Reality TV show)" , the fire department was featured often responding to various emergency calls with the "LAPD".
- (1999) Rescue 77
- (2008) Quarantine, LAFD as the "Los Angeles Fire Rescue".
- (2015) San Andreas
- Engine Company No. 28
- Engine House No. 18 (Los Angeles, California)
- Fire Station No. 14 (Los Angeles, California)
- Fire Station No. 23 (Los Angeles, California)
- Fire Station No. 30, Engine Company No. 30
- Los Angeles Fire Department Museum and Memorial
- Louis R. Nowell, fire captain who became a City Council member
- Ralph J. Scott, formerly known as Fireboat #2
- The Stentorians Fire Station No.46
- "Budget 2014-2015" (PDF). City of Los Angeles. p. 18. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "Fire Chief". Los Angeles Fire Department.
- "Stations & Addresses" (PDF). CERT-LA.
- "Apparatus". California Firefighters. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Welcome to the Los Angeles Fire Department". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
- "About the LAFD". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
- "LAFD History". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
- "LAFD History". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
- "The Origins of the LAFD". Lafd.org. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
- "The Volunteers, 1871 to 1885". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
- "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
- "The Era of the Horses 1886 to 1921". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Archived from the original on September 2, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2006.
- Company, Johnson Publishing (January 13, 1955). "Los Angeles Ends Jim Crow Fire Department". Jet. 7 (10). Retrieved August 29, 2011.
- "Apparatus". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
- "Deployment Plan" (PDF). The South Robertson Neighborhoods Council. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "EMS Resources". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "N301FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "N304FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "N302FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "N303FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "N301FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "N306FD". FAA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Fire Stations". Port of Los Angeles. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Fireboats 1, 3 & 5". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Fireboat 4". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Fireboat 2". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Los Angeles Fire Department New Fireboat Fleet Dedication" (Press release). Los Angeles Fire Department. March 28, 2003. Retrieved 2006-09-05.
- "Task Force Locations". FEMA. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- "Los Angeles Fire Department Urban Search and Rescue" (PDF). Fire Watch. 2 (3). March 2005. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Emergency Operations". Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "LAFD Station Map" (PDF). CERT LA. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Stations". The Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Los Angeles Fire Department.|
- Map of all LAFD Fire Stations
- Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive
- Los Angeles Fire Department News & Information Web Log
- LAFD Recruiting