Los Angeles Police Department Mental Evaluation Unit

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The Los Angeles Police Department Mental Evaluation Unit (MEU), including the Systemwide Mental Assessment Response Team (SMART), is a component of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) that works with people suspected of having mental illness. The MEU mission is to reduce the potential for violence during police contacts involving people suffering from mental illness while simultaneously assessing the mental health services available to assist them. This requires a commitment to problem solving, partnership, and supporting a coordinated effort from law enforcement, mental health services and the greater community of Los Angeles.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]

The LAPD has deployed the MEU for over four decades to help uniformed field personnel manage mental health crisis issues. In January 1993, the Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health (LACDMH) and the LAPD enhanced the MEU operation by committing personnel and resources to staff the Systemwide Mental Assessment Response Team (SMART) within the City of Los Angeles. These co-deployed field response units formed the basis of the initial 1993 Mental Illness Project.

The Mental Illness Project is a co-response model. This means that police officers and mental health clinicians are housed out of the same building and respond to calls as a team.[19] Officers and clinicians develop management schemes which employ an array of options from referrals for service, hospitalization and or management of the subject within the jail system.[20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32]

In 2005, the Case Assessment Management Program (CAMP) was added to the MEU and the Mental Illness Project as a mental illness investigative follow-up team. Staffed by sworn investigators and LACDMH clinicians, its primary function is to identify those persons suffering from a mental illness, who make frequent use of police and fire emergency services, and/or who are at risk for violent encounters with police officers, e.g. Target School Violence, Suicide Jumpers, and Suicide by Cop (SbC).

In April 2008, the Los Angeles Police Department Threat Management Unit (LAPD TMU)[33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44] teamed up to co-deploy with the MEU due to the fact that stalking suspects often suffer from some form of mental instability, and workplace violence suspects experience some form of mental health crisis when they make threats and when they are engaging in acts of violence. Both the MEU and TMU comprise the Crisis Response Support Section (CRSS).[45]

Further insight relative to the MEU can be found within the following governmental publications:[46]

  • A Guide to Implementing Police-Based Diversion Programs for People with Mental Illness, by Melissa Reuland, Police Executive Research Forum – 2004[47]
  • Enhancing Success of Police-Based Diversion Programs for People with Mental Illness, by Melissa Reuland and Jason Cheney, Police Executive Research Forum – May 2005[48]
  • Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance, Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses, Strategies for Effective Law Enforcement Training 2008.[49]
  • Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance, Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses, The Essential Elements of a Specialized Law Enforcement–Based Program, 2008.[50]
  • Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance, Law Enforcement Responses to People with Mental Illness, A Guide to Research-Informed Policy and Practice, 2009.[51]
  • Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance, Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses, Tailoring Law Enforcement Initiatives to Individual Jurisdictions, 2010.[52]
  • Consent Decree Mental illness Reports.[19][53][54][55][56]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "LAPD’s Mental Evaluation Unit is Selected as a National Law Enforcement/Mental Health". NAMI California. 2009-02-04. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  2. ^ "Calibre Press Street Survival Newsline – 874". Policeone.com. 2008-05-08. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  3. ^ Paul, Katie (2008-02-02). "When Police Intervene". Newsweek. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  4. ^ "Britney Spears – Britney's Trip To Hospital Cost $25,000". Contactmusic.com. 2008-02-01. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  5. ^ Britney Spears' $25,000 6-Mile LAPD Escort (2008-02-01). "Britney Spears' $25,000 6-Mile LAPD Escort". LAist. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  6. ^ Lyons, Patrick J. (2008-02-01). "Of Badges, Straitjackets and Britney Spears". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  7. ^ Stephey, M.J. (2007-08-08). "De-Criminalizing Mental Illness". TIME. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 25, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Fight For Life" (PDF). Lapdonline.org. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  10. ^ "SMART Helps the Mentally Ill" (PDF). Lapdonline.org. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  11. ^ "LAPD Releases Board of Inquiry Summary of SWAT Team Analysis". Los Angeles Community Policing. 2008-04-15. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  12. ^ Blankstein, Andrew; Gold, Scott; Winton, Richard (2008-02-01). "Precision teamwork in Spears operation". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  13. ^ "The Police and Mental Health – Lamb et al. 53 (10): 1266 – Psychiatr Serv". Psychservices.psychiatryonline.org. May 20, 1997. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.53.10.1266. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  14. ^ [1][dead link]
  15. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 3, 2011. Retrieved January 23, 2011. 
  16. ^ "The Los Angeles Police Department's Mental Evaluation Unit's Mental Illness Project is selected as a Bright Ideas Recipient". LAPD. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Harvard Announces Bright Ideas in Government – Ash Center". Ash.harvard.edu. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  18. ^ "The Los Angeles Police Department receives California Peace Officer Standards and Training Excellence in Training Awards for Individual and Organizational Achievements NR11173ne". LAPD. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  19. ^ a b "Covers-Final Report- Appendices" (PDF). Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  20. ^ "LAPDs Mental Evaluation Unit is Selected as a National Law Enforcement/Mental Health Learning Site NR10518rf". News Release. Los Angeles Police Department. 2010-11-09. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  21. ^ "LAPD Blog: LAPD’s Mental Evaluation Unit is Selected as a National Law Enforcement/Mental Health Learning Site". Lapdblog.typepad.com. 2010-11-09. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  22. ^ "LAPD’s Mental Evaluation Unit is Selected as a National Law Enforcement/Mental Health Learning Site from LAPD Headquarters : Nixle". Local.nixle.com. 2010-11-09. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  23. ^ "LAPD’s Mental Evaluation Unit is Selected as a National Law Enforcement/Mental Health – SZONE.US Forums". Szone.us. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  24. ^ "The Los Angeles Police Department to Serve as National Learning Site on Responding to People with Mental Illnesses". LAPD. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  25. ^ "The Los Angeles Police Department to Serve as National Learning Site on Responding to People with Mental Illnesses". Asianjournal.com. January 20, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  26. ^ "Nothing found for Issue_Areas Law Enforcement". Consensusproject.org. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  27. ^ Goode, Erica (2011-05-22). "Police Standoffs Studied by Officers". The New York Times. 
  28. ^ Guerrero, Rafael (April 27, 2011). "Detective Receives POST Individual Achievement Award". Park Labrea News/ Beverly Press. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  29. ^ "The Los Angeles Police Department's Mental Evaluation Unit's Mental Illness Project is selected as a Bright Ideas Recipient". LAPD. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  30. ^ "The Los Angeles Police Department receives California Peace Officer Standards and Training Excellence in Training Awards for Individual and Organizational Achievements NR11173ne". LAPD. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Los Angeles Police Department Mental Evaluation Unit – eNotes.com Reference". Enotes.com. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  32. ^ "Testimonials". Combat to Community. August 24, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  33. ^ "A New Role fo9r LAPD's Threat Management Unit" (PDF). Lapdonline.org. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  34. ^ Corwin, Miles (2008-11-04). "Inside the LAPD's Threat Management Unit". Policeone.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  35. ^ Fletcher, Lisa; Baker, Steven (2009-02-12). "Special Police Unit Protects Stars From Stalkers". ABC News. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  36. ^ "The Defenders". Stalkingalert.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  37. ^ Halpern, Jake (2007-05-18). "Fame Junkies – Volume 6: Celebrity Stalkers, a Special Breed". Hollywood.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  38. ^ Meloy, J. Reid; Sheridan, Lorraine; Hoffmann, Jens (2008). Stalking, threatening, and attacking public figures: a psychological and behavioral analysis. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 325. ISBN 0-19-532638-5. 
  39. ^ Cosgrove-Mather, Bootie (2005-03-08). "Dark Side Of Celebrity – Stalkers". CBS News. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  40. ^ "Review of the 17th Annual ATAP Conference". Association of Threat Assessment Professionals. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  41. ^ "Service Announcement". ZoomInfo. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  42. ^ Larson, John. "Stories behind celebrity stalkers - Dateline NBC". MSNBC. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  43. ^ "L.A. Lawyer". Stalkingalert.com. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  44. ^ "Association of Threat Assessment Professionals". Atapworldwide.org. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  45. ^ "Detective Support and Vice Division". LAPD. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  46. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 20, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2010. 
  47. ^ "A Guide to Implementing Police-Based Diversion Programs for People with Mental Illness" (PDF). Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  48. ^ "Enhancing Success of Police-Based Diversion Programs for People with Mental Illness" (PDF). Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  49. ^ "Nothing found for Jc_Publications Strategies For Effective Law Enforcement Training Le Trgstrategies Pdf" (PDF). Consensusproject.org. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  50. ^ "Law Enforcement Essential Elements" (PDF). Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  51. ^ "Nothing found for Jc_Publications Law Enforcement Responses To People With Mental Illnesses Le Research Pdf" (PDF). Consensusproject.org. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  52. ^ "Tailoring LE Initiatives_cover_v8.indd" (PDF). Ojp.usdoj.gov. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  53. ^ "Microsoft Word - cdmip_reccom2.doc" (PDF). Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  54. ^ "Microsoft Word - cdmip_rvdsupp_rpt2.doc" (PDF). Lapdonline.org. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  55. ^ "Covers-Final Report- Appendices" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF ]) on May 8, 2006. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  56. ^ "Web Updates to Keep Content Relevant" (PDF). Kroll. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 

External links[edit]