Los Indios, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Los Indios, Texas
Location of Los Indios, Texas
Location of Los Indios, Texas
Cameron County LosIndios.svg
Coordinates: 26°2′59″N 97°44′25″W / 26.04972°N 97.74028°W / 26.04972; -97.74028Coordinates: 26°2′59″N 97°44′25″W / 26.04972°N 97.74028°W / 26.04972; -97.74028
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyCameron
Founded1913
Area
 • Total1.88 sq mi (4.88 km2)
 • Land1.88 sq mi (4.86 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
56 ft (17 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,008
 • Density565.33/sq mi (218.26/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
78567
Area code956
FIPS code48-44128[2]
GNIS feature ID1374728[3]

Los Indios is a U.S. border town in Cameron County, Texas. The population was 1,008 at the 2020 census. It is included as part of the Brownsville–Harlingen–Raymondville and the Matamoros–Brownsville metropolitan areas. The Free Trade International Bridge connects Los Indios with Matamoros, Tamaulipas.

History[edit]

Los Indios is likely named after a Spanish ranch and had its start in the year 1913 by the building of the San Benito and Rio Grande Valley Railway through that territory.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Los Indios is located at 26°2′59″N 97°44′25″W / 26.04972°N 97.74028°W / 26.04972; -97.74028 (26.049729, –97.740140).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
20001,149
20101,083−5.7%
20201,008−6.9%

2020 census[edit]

Los Indios racial composition[7]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 41 4.07%
Black or African American (NH) 1 0.1%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 0.1%
Some Other Race (NH) 3 0.3%
Hispanic or Latino 962 95.44%
Total 1,008

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,008 people, 232 households, and 169 families residing in the town.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,149 people, 273 households, and 245 families residing in the town. The population density was 668.0 people per square mile (257.9/km2). There were 310 housing units at an average density of 180.2 per square mile (69.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 53.79% White, 0.17% African American, 0.09% Native American, 43.95% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 95.82% of the population.

There were 273 households, out of which 56.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.1% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 9.9% were non-families. 9.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.21 and the average family size was 4.46.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 39.9% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 15.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $19,702, and the median income for a family was $20,000. Males had a median income of $16,429 versus $12,014 for females. The per capita income for the town was $5,711. About 45.0% of families and 47.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 57.1% of those under age 18 and 52.1% of those age 65 or over.

Los Indios hosts the only border crossing allowed for use by transmigrantes. Transmigrantes are those bringing cargo overland through Mexico to Central America, as opposed to cargo that has Mexico as its final destination. Most of this cargo being brought overland to Central America is in the form of used vehicles. Guatemala is the most common destination, with some cargo headed for Honduras and other Central American countries. Frequently there will be an early morning line of 200 plus vehicles waiting to cross the border at Los Indios, bound for Central America. The route through Mexico to the Guatemalan border at Ciudad Hidalgo is about 1,350 miles (2,170 km), virtually all two lane roads running through the centers of towns with heavy truck traffic during the day—a challenging journey even for an experienced transmigrante.

Education[edit]

Los Indios is located in the San Benito Consolidated Independent School District.

In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Los Indios Post Office along U.S. Highway 281.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Los Indios, Texas". The Handbook of Texas. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  5. ^ "TSHA | los Indios, TX".
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-21.
  8. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  9. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  10. ^ "Post Office Location - LOS INDIOS Archived 2012-06-06 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[8][9]

External links[edit]