Los Remedios National Park
|Los Remedios National Park|
|Location||Mexico State, Mexico|
|Area||400 hectares (990 acres)|
Los Remedios National Park is a national park in Mexico, located in the far west of the municipality of Naucalpan in Mexico State, just northwest of Mexico City. The park was established by federal decree in 1938 with an area of 400 hectares (990 acres). Within its borders is the Sanctuary of the Virgin of Los Remedios, a colonial-era aqueduct and a pre-Hispanic archaeological zone with a Chichimeca temple. All of these are located in and around the mountain called Cerro Moctezuma. The site was an Aztec observatory and is also believed to be where Hernán Cortés and his men rested after fleeing Tenochtitlan.
The aqueduct is 500 metres (1,600 ft) long and consists of fifty arches which measure 16 metres (52 ft) high and extend 1.7 metres (5.6 ft) into the ground. The first stage was built in 1616 under Viceroy of Mexico Diego Fernández de Córdoba with the objective of bringing water to the Sanctuary of Los Remedios from a spring at the village of San Francisco Chimalpa. This water was also used to irrigate fields in the villages of San Bartolomé, Santa Maria Nativitas and Santa Cruz. The aqueduct is mostly of clay pipes with two large spiral towers to release air. These towers flank the Sanctuary of the Virgin of Los Remedios and are nicknamed “caracoles” (snails). By 1764, the amount of water this system delivered was no longer enough and viceroy Joaquín de Monserrat had the arched system built, which was finished in 1765. Eventually, this system could not deliver water and became simply an architectural monument.
Due to the growth of the city of Naucalpan, severe pressure is being put on this national park. Seventy-five percent of the original surface area of the park now contains illegal settlements, including settlements which have been authorized by local authorities. While these settlements can be confiscated and destroyed under federal law, this has not happened. The federal environmental agency Profepa has received complaints about the most recent invasions into the park area, which have felled dozens of trees. The agency has responded with inspections of plans by a developer to build two subdivisions near the colonial-era aqueduct to verify if the land is private or public. One reason for this is that the park lacks conservation plans, fences and other means to fend off development efforts. The illegal settlements and development have also affected adjoining ejido land that adjoin the park. This and the fact that housing is now starting to encroach the archaeological zone has prompted the involvement of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) and the organization of neighboring communities to protest.
- "Los Remedios National Park". protectedplanet.net.
- "El parque de los Remedios perdió 300 de sus 400 ha" [Los Remedios park lost 300 of is 400 hectares]. El Universal (in Spanish). Mexico City. 19 March 2007. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
- "INAH defiende al Cerro Moctezuma" [INAH defends Cerro Moctezuma]. El Universal (in Spanish). Mexico city. 26 October 2009.
- Quiroz T., José Luis. "Acueducto de Naucalpan, tesoro arquitectónico (Estado de México)" [Naucalpan Aqueduct, architectural treasure, Mexico State] (in Spanish). Mexico City: Mexico Desconocido magazine. Archived from the original on 12 November 2008. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
- "Virgen de los Remedios, Estado de México" [Virgin of Los Remedios, Mexico State] (in Spanish). Mexico City: Mexico Desconocido magazine. Archived from the original on 5 December 2009. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
- "Edomex-Ecología" [Mexico State-Ecology]. El Universal (in Spanish). Mexico city. Agencia el Universal. 12 January 2010.