Los Roques archipelago

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Los Roques Archipiélago
Native name:
Dependencia Federal Archipiélago Los Roques

Nickname: Los Roques
Gran Roque from plane.jpg
Cayo de Agua in Los Roques.jpg
Island Crasqui.JPG
Guanaguanre (Larus atricilla) de los Roques Venezuela 000.jpg
Gran roque.jpg
Village Gran Roque.jpg
El Gran Roque espera.JPG
Los Roques Archipiélago is located in Venezuela
Los Roques Archipiélago
Los Roques Archipiélago
Los Roques Archipiélago is located in Caribbean
Los Roques Archipiélago
Los Roques Archipiélago
LocationCaribbean Sea
Coordinates11°51′27″N 66°45′27″W / 11.85750°N 66.75750°W / 11.85750; -66.75750Coordinates: 11°51′27″N 66°45′27″W / 11.85750°N 66.75750°W / 11.85750; -66.75750
Total islands350
Major islandsCayo Grande
Area40.61 km2 (15.68 sq mi)
Bandera dep fede.png Federal dependencies of Venezuela
Largest settlementGran Roque
Population3,100 (2014)
Pop. density44.32 /km2 (114.79 /sq mi)
Official nameParque Nacional Archipiélago Los Roques
Designated4 September 1996
Reference no.856[1]

Los Roques archipelago is a federal dependency of Venezuela consisting of approximately 350 islands, cays, and islets in a total area of 40.61 square kilometers. The archipelago is located 128 kilometers (80 mi) directly north of the port of La Guaira, in the Caribbean Sea.

The islands' pristine coral reef attracts many wealthy visitors, especially from Europe, some of whom come in their own yachts and anchor in the inner, protected shallow waters. Development and tourism are controlled.

Because of the wide variety of seabirds and rich aquatic life, the Venezuelan government declared Los Roques a National Park in 1972.[2]


The archipelago is sparsely populated, having about 1,500 permanent inhabitants; however it receives approximately 70,000 visitors a year, many of them day-visitors who come from Caracas and the mainland.


The major islands of the archipelago have an atoll structure, with two external barriers formed by coral communities, and an inner lagoon and sandy shallows. The park consists of 40.61 km², 1500 km² of coral reefs, 42 coral cays surrounding a shallow central lagoon of 400 km², two barrier reefs (24 km east and 32 km south) and 300 sand banks, islands and cays, ranging in size from Cayo Grande (15.1 km²) to the Gran Roque (1.7 km²).[3][4][5] Other important islands are Francisqui, Nordisqui, Madrisqui, and Crasqui.


El Gran Roque is the only populated island in the group. It has an airport suitable for small or STOL aircraft, Los Roques Airport. The airport is controlled from the Maiquetía airport on the mainland.

From El Gran Roque most visitors that arrive, go to the port and travel to the keys in small boats called "peñeros" from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.[6]


Activities include fishing (bonefish, barracuda, tarpon, jack, and Spanish mackerel), birding, snorkeling, diving, paddling, windsurfing, and kitesurfing, and there is a sea turtle research center located on Dos Mosquises. Accommodations include Pez Raton Lodge, a property primarily used to host fishing guests, Posada Mediterraneo, a five-room inn which accommodates non-fishing guests, and dozens more like El Canto de la Ballena and Posada La Gaviota.


The islands were sighted by early European navigators, and in 1589 the governor of the Venezuelan province ordered the formal takeover of these islands on behalf of the colony. The Dutch considered Los Roques to belong to their island territory of Curaçao because of its proximity to Bonaire which also belonged to the Dutch. The author M.D. Teenstra in 1836 still writes (in his book The Dutch West Indies): "The Government of Curaçao also includes the uninhabited islets and rocks Little Curaçao, Aves, Roques and Orchilla." In 1871 the Venezuelan president Antonio Guzmán Blanco created by decree the Territorio Colón (Columbus Territory) which included Los Roques and other adjacent islands. The island of Gran Roque was named as the center of territorial government.

In 2012 the Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela named a Damen Stan Lander 5612 landing craft after the islands.[7]


The climate is warm and dry, with average annual temperature of 27.3 °C (81.1 °F) in July and August, reaches a maximum of 34 °, and between September and January are presented occasional rain, with relative humidity 83% annually. Rainfall is 256.6 mm (10.10 in) / year; minimum 6.6 mm (0.26 in) (April) and maximum 52.2 mm (2.06 in) (November).


Idols carved in pottery, archipelago of Los Roques.
Fabián Cay.

The population of the Roques concentrates mainly on the island of Gran Roque and to a lesser extent its adjacent islets. In 1941, the population was estimated at about 484 people. In 1950 it reached 559, and in 1987 663 permanent inhabitants. According to the Venezuelan census of 2001 1,209 inhabitants were counted. By 2008 it is estimated that the number inhabitants to be around 1,800.

Its growth is limited because of restrictions involving the declaration as a national park in the 1970s. Most of the population is of Margariteño origin who came to the islands mainly to engage in fishing. Since the early twentieth century there has been a small influx of foreigners (mostly Italian).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Parque Nacional Archipiélago Los Roques". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ Instituto Nacional de Parques (INPAQUES). Archipiélago de Los Roques. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-24. Retrieved 2013-02-27.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Vila, Marco Aurelio. 1967: Aspectos geográficos de las Dependencias Federales. Corporación Venezolana de Fomento. Caracas. 115p.
  4. ^ Cervigon, Fernando. 1995: Las Dependencias Federales. Academia Nacional de la Historia. Caracas. 193p.
  5. ^ Hernández Caballero, Serafín (Editor). 1998: Gran Enciclopedia de Venezuela. Editorial Globe, C.A. Caracas. 10 volúmenes. ISBN 980-6427-00-9 ISBN 980-6427-10-6
  6. ^ http://www.eluniversal.com/guia-turistica/150531/los-roques
  7. ^ "US donated Patrol boats to Panama's Servicio Nacional Aeronaval". New Delhi Times. 2018-11-14. Retrieved 2019-04-15.

External links[edit]

‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) National Park Institute, Venezuela