Los Ybanez, Texas

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Los Ybanez, Texas
Location of Los Ybanez, Texas
Location of Los Ybanez, Texas
Dawson County LosYbanez.svg
Coordinates: 32°43′5″N 101°55′9″W / 32.71806°N 101.91917°W / 32.71806; -101.91917Coordinates: 32°43′5″N 101°55′9″W / 32.71806°N 101.91917°W / 32.71806; -101.91917
CountryUnited States
 • Total0.08 sq mi (0.22 km2)
 • Land0.08 sq mi (0.22 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
2,972 ft (906 m)
 • Total19
 • Estimate 
 • Density228.92/sq mi (88.06/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
FIPS code48-44170[3]
GNIS feature ID1388571[4]

Los Ybanez is a city in Dawson County, Texas, United States. The population was 19 at the 2010 census, making it the municipality with the smallest population in Texas.[5]


Los Ybanez is located at 32°43′5″N 101°55′9″W / 32.71806°N 101.91917°W / 32.71806; -101.91917 (32.717986, –101.919052).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), all of it land.


Los Ybanez was organized in the late 1970s (formally incorporated in 1983) as one of several Texas municipalities that were organized in order to legalize local sale of alcoholic spirits. These were usually small areas of land, adjacent to larger towns or cities. Others included "Impact" near Abilene, TX and "Orbit" near Monahans, TX.

Texas law provides that all its 254 counties are essentially "dry"; that is, liquor sales are not allowed. Local governments can opt for these sales through "local option" elections. The western half of Texas is generally and historically dry, though as the metro areas grew, most allow liquor in clubs, some on sale in stores.

Los Ybanez was founded by members of the family of Israel G. and Mary Ybanez. Ybanez purchased a tract of land outside all towns from the state of Texas (which had obtained title from the federal government after World War II.) The land had been used for soldiers' barracks during military training exercises at an adjoining glider base. Family members were moved to the land to occupy the houses and establish residency. Later they incorporated as a town, got a US Post Office, and legalized liquor sales. The store operates to this day as a drive through only operation, accepting only cash.

The Ybanez family also founded a local radio station, KYMI (later KJJT) as a vehicle for advertising for the liquor store business. KYMI began on 107.9 MHz, but moved to 98.5 in 1996 when a station in Odessa upgraded facilities. KYMI received money for a new transmitter and antenna in return for agreeing to change channels.[7]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)19[2]0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 32 people, 10 households, and 9 families residing in the city. The population density was 365.1 people per square mile (137.3/km2). There were 12 housing units at an average density of 136.9 per square mile (51.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 50.00% White, 6.25% African American, 21.88% from other races, and 21.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 75.00% of the population.

There were 10 households, out of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 10.0% were non-families. 10.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.20 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 31.3% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 3.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $11,250, and the median income for a family was $11,250. Males had a median income of $9,750 versus $0 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,324. There were 50.0% of families and 56.8% of the population living below the poverty line, including 100.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.


The City of Los Ybanez is served by the Lamesa Independent School District.


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ Rivero, Nicolas (25 August 2017). "The Smallest Town in Each of the 50 States". Mental Floss. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ Federal Communications Commission decision regarding change in channels http://www.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Mass_Media/Orders/1995_Orders/da950395.txt . Sources: 1)"Texas Almanac" published Annually by Belo Corporation. 2)Ongoing coverage of liquor election controversy Lubbock Avalanche Journal Archives 1980-1982. 3) Interview with Israel Ybanez published in Broadcasting Magazine (now Broadcasting & Cable) 1991.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.