Lostwithiel (UK Parliament constituency)

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Lostwithiel
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1304–1832
Number of members Two
Replaced by East Cornwall

Lostwithiel was a rotten borough in Cornwall which returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons in the English and later British Parliament from 1304 to 1832, when it was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

History[edit]

The borough consisted of the town of Lostwithiel and part of the neighbouring Lanlivery parish; it was a market town whose trade was mainly dependent on the copper mined nearby.

Unlike many of the most notorious Cornish rotten boroughs, Lostwithiel had been continuously represented since the Middle Ages and was originally of sufficient size to justify its status. However, by the time of the Great Reform Act it had long been a pocket borough, under the complete control of the Earls of Mount Edgcumbe since 1702. The right to vote was vested in the corporation, who numbered 24 in 1816; they made no attempt to defy their patron, who regularly paid the corporation's debts and advanced them money.

In 1831, the borough had a population of 1,047, and 303 houses.

Members of Parliament[edit]

1304–1629[edit]

  • Constituency created (1304)
Parliament First member Second member
1355 John Hamely[1]
1358 John Hamely [1]
1388 (Feb) Thomas Curteys Pascoe Polruddon[2]
1388 (Sep) Thomas Moyle John Mychel[2]
1390 (Jan) Richard Respryn John Brown[2]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Simon Lowys Robert Combe[2]
1393 Richard Bloyowe Roger Umfrey[2]
1394
1395 John Quint William Scoce[2]
1397 (Jan) Thomas Curteys John Kendale[2]
1397 (Sep) Thomas Curteys John Kendale[2]
1399 John Day Richard Hervy[2]
1401
1402 Sir Henry Ilcombe Thomas Curteys[2]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 John Curteys Gregory Aute[2]
1407 Sir Henry Ilcombe Robert Kayl[2]
1410 Robert Kayl  ?
1411 John Curteys Thomas Jayet[2]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) John Curteys John Clink[2]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Robert Kayl John Trebarthe[2]
1415
1416 (Mar) Robert Kayl Thomas West[2]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Stephen Kendale Thomas West[2]
1419 Tristram Curteys Richard Hervy[2]
1420 Thomas Cokayn John Trewint[2]
1421 (May) John Colyn Robert Treage[2]
1421 (Dec) Tristram Curteys John Trewint[2]
1510–1523 No names known[3]
1529 John Tredeneck Richard Bryan alias Croker[3]
1536 ?
1539 ?
1542 ?
1545 Anthony Browne Walter Mildmay[3]
Parliament of 1547–1552 Richard Hudson John Southcote
First Parliament of 1553 Richard Wooton Jasper Fisher
Second Parliament of 1553 John Courtenay Christopher Daunsey
Parliament of 1554 George Southcote Brice Rookwood
Parliament of 1554–1555 John Southcote John Cosworth
Parliament of 1555 Brice Rookwood
Parliament of 1558 John Herring John Cosworth
Parliament of 1559 Peter Edgcumbe John Trelawny
Parliament of 1563–1567 Thomas Mildmay John Killigrew (d.1584), of Arwenack
Parliament of 1571 Robert Snagge William Kendall
Parliament of 1572–1581 John Barkley
Parliament of 1584–1585 James Dalton John Shirley
Parliament of 1586–1587 John Agmondesham
Parliament of 1588–1589 William Fitzwilliam[4] William Gardiner
Parliament of 1593 Sir Francis Godolphin Robert Beale
Parliament of 1597–1598 William Cornwallis John Cooke
Parliament of 1601 Richard Cromwell Nicholas Saunders
Parliament of 1604–1611 Sir Thomas Chaloner Sir William Lower
Addled Parliament (1614) Edward Leech Sir Henry Vane
Parliament of 1621–1622 Edward Salter George Chudleigh
Happy Parliament (1624–1625) John Chichester (d.1669) of Hall Sir John Hobart
Useless Parliament (1625) Double return[5]
Parliament of 1625–1626 Sir Robert Mansell Reginald Mohun
Parliament of 1628-1629 Sir Robert Carr, also elected for Preston
Sir Thomas Badger
Sir John Chudleigh
No Parliament summoned 1629–1640

1640–1832[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Richard Arundell Royalist Nicholas Kendall
November 1640 John Trevanion Royalist
July 1643 Trevanion killed in action – seat vacant
January 1644 Arundell disabled from sitting – seat vacant
1646 Sir John Maynard Francis Holles
December 1648 Maynard not recorded as having sat after Pride's Purge Holles excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant
1653 Lostwithiel was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Walter Moyle John Clayton
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Walter Moyle John Clayton
1661 Sir Chichester Wrey John Bulteel
1668 Charles Smythe
1670 Silius Titus
1679 Sir John Carew Walter Kendall
1685 Sir Robert Southwell Sir Matthias Vincent
1689 Francis Robartes Walter Kendall
1690 Sir Bevil Granville
1695 Bernard Granville Samuel Travers
1698 George Booth
January 1701 Sir John Molesworth John Buller
April 1701 George Booth
1702 Russell Robartes
1705 Robert Molesworth Whig
1706 James Kendall
1708 Joseph Addison Whig
1709 Francis Robartes Russell Robartes
January 1710 Horatio Walpole
October 1710 John Hill Tory Hugh Fortescue
1713 Sir Thomas Clarges Erasmus Lewis
1715 Galfridus Walpole Thomas Liddell
1718 Edward Eliot
1720 John Newsham
1721 Marquess of Hartington[6] Whig
1722 Lord Stanhope Whig
1724 Sir Orlando Bridgeman[7] Whig Henry Parsons
January 1727 Hon. Sir William Stanhope
August 1727 Darrell Trelawny
1728 Anthony Cracherode Sir Edward Knatchbull
1730 Edward Walpole
1734 Richard Edgcumbe Whig Philip Lloyd
1735 Matthew Ducie Moreton
1736 Sir John Crosse
1741 Sir Robert Salusbury Cotton
1747 Richard Edgcumbe Whig James Edward Colleton
1754 Thomas Clarke
1761 George Howard
1766 Viscount Beauchamp Tory
1768 Henry Cavendish Charles Brett
1774 Viscount Fairford
1776 Thomas Potter
September 1780 Hon. John St. John[8] Hon. Thomas de Grey
December 1780 Commodore George Johnstone Independent
1781 Viscount Malden
1784 John Sinclair[9] John Thomas Ellis
1790 Viscount Valletort[10] Reginald Pole-Carew
1791 George Smith
1796 Hans Sloane William Drummond
1802 William Dickinson[11]
1806 The Viscount Lismore
January 1807 Charles Cockerell
May 1807 George Peter Holford Ebenezer Maitland
1812 Reginald Pole-Carew John Ashley Warre
1816 Viscount Valletort Tory
1818 Sir Robert Wigram Tory Sir Alexander Cray Grant[12] Tory
June 1826 Viscount Valletort Tory
December 1826 Edward Cust Tory
August 1830 Hon. William Vesey-Fitzgerald Tory
December 1830 Viscount Valletort Tory
1832 Constituency abolished

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "HAMELY (HAMYLYN), Sir John (aft.1324-1399), of Wimborne St. Giles, Dorset.". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "History of Parliament". Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "History of Parliament". Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Fitzwilliam, William (c.1550–1618), of Dogsthorpe and Milton, Northants., The History of Parliament". Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  5. ^ Sir George Chudleigh, Reginald Mohun, Sir Henry Vane and Nicholas Kendall were all returned. It is not clear whether the dispute was resolved before the Parliament was dissolved.
  6. ^ Hartington was re-elected in 1722 but was also elected for Grampound, which he chose to represent, and did not sit for Lostwithiel in the 1722 Parliament
  7. ^ Bridgeman was re-elected in August 1727 but was also elected for Bletchingley, which he chose to represent, and did not sit for Lostwithiel in the 1727 Parliament
  8. ^ St. John was also elected for Newport (Isle of Wight), which he chose to represent, and never sat for Lostwithiel
  9. ^ Created a baronet as Sir John Sinclair, February 1786
  10. ^ Valletort was also elected for Fowey, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Lostwithiel
  11. ^ Dickinson was re-elected in 1806 but had also been elected for Somerset, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Lostwithiel
  12. ^ Grant was re-elected in June 1826 but was also elected for Aldborough, which he chose to represent, and did not sit for Lostwithiel in the 1826 Parliament

References[edit]