A lota (Urdu: لوٹا, Hindi: लोटा, Bengali: লোটা) is a small, usually spherical water vessel of brass, copper or plastic used in parts of South Asia. A similar vessel to the lota is the buta, used in Muslim parts of Africa for personal hygiene and for the Wudu. 
A lota is commonly used to store or transfer small amounts of liquids, like water, particularly for cleaning and ritual purification.
- "Of all the objects we have seen and admired during our visit to India, the Lota, that simple vessel of everyday use, stands out as perhaps the greatest, the most beautiful."
Yoga and religious uses
In some parts of Pakistan and India, the use of the phrase "bependi ka lota" (a "lota without a base") is colloquially used to refer to a person who may switch their loyalties. This comes from the observation that a spherical lota without a base tends to roll over in unpredictable directions when kept on uneven ground. The neologism "lotacracy" was coined in Pakistan to describe politicians who would switch parties.
In the Indian subcontinent, the lota is employed to cleanse oneself. In parts of Bangladesh the term "bodna" describes spouted (teapot-like) vessels. People of the desi diaspora may use watering cans, empty bottles or cups for this purpose. Muslims often refer to the cleansing process as istinja.
This 'bodna' is used by Hindus and called Gangasagar. It is often used for serving water/ sharbat to people in a party or Barat or langar.
- "Definition of Lota". Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary. Retrieved 2007-03-22.
- Demetrios, Eames (9 February 2002). "An Eames Primer". Universe Publishing. Retrieved 2007-03-22.
- "Eames' India Report". National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad, India. Retrieved 2007-03-22.
- "Charles & Ray Eames India Report, April 1958", Design Observer
- Gauhar, Humayun (24 January 2011). "Blasphemy…or a convenience?". Saudi Gazette (Okaz Organization for Press and Publication). Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- Donald Albrecht (2009). The Work of Charles and Ray Eames: a Legacy of Invention. Harry N. Abrams. Retrieved 5 September 2011.
India and Pakistan have a water culture, so that it is preferable to use a lota to cleanse with after using the washroom.
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