Lotbinière (electoral district)

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This article is about the federal district. For the provincial district, see Lotbinière (provincial electoral district).
Lotbinière
Quebec electoral district
Defunct federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
District created 1867
District abolished 2003
First contested 1867
Last contested 2000

Lotbinière (later known as Lotbinière—L'Érable) was a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that was represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867 to 2004.

It was created by the British North America Act of 1867. It was renamed "Lotbinière—L'Érable" in 2000, and was abolished in 2003 when it was redistributed between Lotbinière—Chutes-de-la-Chaudière, Mégantic—L'Érable, Richelieu and Richmond—Arthabaska ridings.

Geography[edit]

It consisted initially of the County of Lotbinière.

In 1876, the Parish of St. Sévérin was transferred to the County of Beauce for the purposes of representation in the House of Commons.

In 1924, it was defined again as consisting of the County of Lotbinière.

In 1933, the following areas were added:

  • from the county of Nicolet: the municipalities of Lemieux, St-Pierre Les-Becquets, Ste-Cécile-de-Lévrard, Ste-Sophie-de-Lévrard, Ste-Marie-de-Blandford, St-Joseph-de-Blandford and the village of Manseau;
  • from the county of Lévis: the municipalities of St-Etienne-de-Lauzon, St-Lambert-de-Lauzon, St-Nicholas, St-Nicholas Sud, the village of St-Rédempteur;
  • from the county of Mégantic: the village of Lyster and the municipalities of Ste-Anastasie-de-Nelson, Nelson, Leeds, Leeds East, St-Jacques-de-Leeds;
  • from the county of Beauce: the municipalities of St-Elzéar and St-Séverin.

In 1947, it was defined as consisting of:

  • the county of Lotbinière;
  • in the county of Nicolet: the municipalities of Lemieux, St. Pierre-les-Becquets, Ste. Cécile-de-Lévrard, Ste-Sophie-de-Lévrard, Ste. Marie de-Blandford, St. Joseph-de-Blandford and the villages of Manseau and Les Becquets;
  • in the county of Mégantic: the village of Lyster and the municipalities of Nelson and Ste. Anastasie-de-Nelson; and
  • in the county of Arthabaska: the municipality of St. Louis-de-Blandford.

In 1966, it was defined as consisting of:

  • the Towns of Arthabaska, Princeville, Victoriaville and Warwick;
  • in the County of Arthabaska: the village municipalities of Daveluyville and Norbertville; the parish municipalities of Saint-Albert-de-Warwick, Sainte-Anne-du-Sault, Saint-Christophe-d'Arthabaska, Sainte-Élisabeth-de-Warwick, Saint-Eusèbe-de-Stanfold, Saint-Louis-de-Blandford, Saint-Norbert-d'Arthabaska, Saint-Rosaire and Sainte-Victorie-d'Arthabaska; the township municipalities of Maddington and Warwick; the municipalities of Saint-Jacques-de-Horton and Saint-Valère;
  • in the County of Lotbinière: the village municipalities of Deschaillons, Deschaillons-sur-Saint Laurent, Fortierville, Laurier-Station, Leclercville, Lotbinière, Sainte-Croix and Saint-Flavien; the parish municipalities of Notre-Dame-du-Sacré-Coeur-d'Issoudun, Saint-Antoine-de-Tilly, Sainte-Croix, Saint-Édouard-de-Lotbinière, Sainte-Emmélie, Saint-Flavien, Saint-Jacques-de-Parisville, Saint-Louis-de-Lotbinière, Saint-Octave-de-Dosquet and Sainte-Philomène-de-Fortierville; the municipalities of Sainte-Françoise, Saint-Janvier-de-Joly, Val-Alain and Villeroy; and
  • in the County of Nicolet: the village municipalities of Aston-Junction, Les Becquets, Manseau, Sainte-Marie and Saint-Sylvère; the parish municipalities of Sainte-Cécile-de-Lévrard, Saint-Joseph-de-Blandford, Sainte-Marie-de-Blandford, Saint-Pierreles-Becquets, Saint-Raphaël south part, Saint-Samuel, Sainte-Sophie-de-Lévrard and Saint-Sylvère; the municipalities of Lemieux and Sainte-Eulalie.

In 1976, it was defined as consisting of:

  • the Towns of Arthabaska, Princeville, Victoriaville and Warwick;
  • in the County of Arthabaska: the village municipalities of Daveluyville and Norbertville; the parish municipalities of Saint-Albert-de-Warwick, Sainte-Anne-du-Sault, Saint-Christophe-d'Arthabaska, Sainte-Élisabeth-de-Warwick, Saint-Louis-de-Blandford, Saint-Norbert-d'Arthabaska, Saint Rosaire and Sainte-Victorie-d'Arthabaska; the township municipalities of Maddington and Warwick; the municipalities of Saint-Jacques-de-Horton and Saint-Valère;
  • in the County of Lotbinière: the village municipalities of Deschaillons, Deschaillons-sur-Saint Laurent, Fortierville, Laurier-Station, Leclercville, Lotbinière, Sainte-Croix and Saint-Flavien; the parish municipalities of Notre-Dame-du-Sacré-Coeur-d'Issoudun, Saint-Antoine-de-Tilly, Sainte-Croix, Saint-Édouard-de-Lotbinière, Sainte-Emmélie, Saint-Flavien, Saint-Jacques-de-Parisville, Saint-Louis-de-Lotbinière, Saint-Octave-de-Dosquet and Sainte-Philomène-de-Fortierville; the municipalities of Saint-Apollinaire, Sainte-Françoise, Saint-Janvier-de-Joly, Val-Alain and Villeroy;
  • in the County of Nicolet: the village municipalities of Aston-Junction, Les Becquets, Manseau, Sainte-Marie and Saint-Sylvère; the parish municipalities of Sainte-Cécile-de-Lévrard, Saint-Joseph-de-Blandford, Sainte-Marie-de-Blandford, Saint-Pierreles-Becquets, Saint-Raphaël (south part,) Saint-Samuel, Sainte-Sophie-de-Lévrard and Saint-Sylvère; the municipalities of Lemieux and Sainte-Eulalie.

In 1987, it was defined as consisting of:

  • the towns of Arthabaska, Princeville, Victoriaville and Warwick;
  • the County of Arthabaska excluding the following: the parish municipalities of Saint-Rémi-de-Tangwick and Tingwick; the Township Municipality of Chester-Est; the municipalities of Chester-Nord, Chesterville and Trois-Lacs;
  • the County of Lotbinière excluding the following: the village municipalities of Sainte-Agathe and Saint-Sylvestre; the parish municipalities of Sainte-Agathe, Saint-Narcisse-de-Beaurivage and Saint-Sylvestre;
  • in the County of Drummond: the Village Municipality of Kingsey Falls; the municipality of Kingsey Falls;
  • in the County of Nicolet: the village municipalities of Les Becauets and Manseau; the parish municipalities of Sainte-Cécile-de-Lévrard, Sainte-Sophie-de-Lévrard, Saint-Joseph-de-Blandford, Saint-Pierreles-Becquets and Saint-Samuel; the municipalities of Lemieux, Sainte-Eulalie, Sainte-Marie-de-Blandford and Saint-Sylvère.

In 1996, it was defined as consisting of:

  • the cities of Plessisville and Princeville;
  • the county regional municipalities of L'Érable and Lotbinière;
  • the County Regional Municipality of Bécancour, excepting the City of Bécancour and Wôlinak Indian Reserve No. 11;
  • in the County Regional Municipality of Arthabaska: the Village Municipality of Daveluyville; the parish municipalities of Saint-Louis-de-Blanford, Saint-Rosaire and Sainte-Anne-du-Sault; the Township Municipality of Maddington; the Municipality of Saint-Valère; and
  • in the County Regional Municipality of Les Chutes-de-la-Chaudière: the Parish Municipality of Saint-Lambert-de-Lauzon.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Lotbinière
1st  1867–1872     Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière Liberal
2nd  1872–1874
3rd  1874–1878 Henri Bernier
4th  1878–1882 Côme-Isaïe Rinfret
5th  1882–1887
6th  1887–1891
7th  1891–1896
8th  1896–1899
 1900–1900 Edmond Fortier
9th  1900–1904
10th  1904–1908
11th  1908–1909
 1909–1911
12th  1911–1917
13th  1917–1921     Thomas Vien Opposition (Laurier Liberals)
14th  1921–1925     Liberal
15th  1925–1926 Joseph-Achille Verville
16th  1926–1930
17th  1930–1935
18th  1935–1937
 1937–1940 Joseph-Napoléon Francoeur
19th  1940–1945 Hugues Lapointe
20th  1945–1949
21st  1949–1953
22nd  1953–1957
23rd  1957–1958     Raymond O'Hurley Progressive Conservative
24th  1958–1962
25th  1962–1963
26th  1963–1965     Auguste Choquette Liberal
27th  1965–1968
28th  1968–1971     André-Gilles Fortin Ralliement créditiste
 1971–1972     Social Credit
29th  1972–1974
30th  1974–1977
 1978–1979 Richard Janelle
31st  1979–1979
 1979–1980     Progressive Conservative
32nd  1980–1984     Jean-Guy Dubois Liberal
33rd  1984–1988     Maurice Tremblay Progressive Conservative
34th  1988–1993
35th  1993–1997     Jean Landry Bloc Québécois
36th  1997–2000 Odina Desrochers
Lotbinière—L'Érable
37th  2000–2004     Odina Desrochers Bloc Québécois
Riding dissolved into Lotbinière—Chutes-de-la-Chaudière,
Mégantic—L'Érable, Richelieu and Richmond—Arthabaska

Election results[edit]

Lotbinière[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Henry Gustave Joly acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Henry Gustave Joly acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Henry Bernier 776
Unknown L.G. Houle 288
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Côme-Isaïe Rinfret 1,083
Unknown L.A. Coté 972
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Côme-Isaïe Rinfret 1,025
Unknown A.D. Ross 812
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Côme-Isaïe Rinfret 1,464
Conservative Angus Baker 955
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Côme-Isaïe Rinfret acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Côme-Isaïe Rinfret 1,620
Conservative I.A.P. Lord 1,214
By-election on 25 January 1900

Rinfret was appointed inspector of Inland Revenue, 25 August 1899

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Edmond Fortier 1,496
Conservative J.H. Boisvert 1,324
Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Edmond Fortier 1,376
Liberal F. Boisvert 805
Conservative STAFFORD, Lawrence 795
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Edmond Fortier 1,670
Conservative Napoléon Bergeron 799
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Edmond Fortier 2,304
Conservative Louis Philippe Pelletier 1,459
By-election on 26 October 1909

Due to the election being declared void on 29 September 1909

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Edmond Fortier 1,379
Conservative Théodore Dubé 1,076
Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Edmond Fortier 1,870
Conservative Wilfrid Laliberté 1,520
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) Thomas Vien 3,896
Government (Unionist) Marie Joseph Émile Rousseau 164
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Thomas Vien 5,179
Progressive Henri Lafleur 2,370
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Joseph-Achille Verville 3,819
Conservative Joseph Adalbert Pouliot 1,402
Liberal Omer Langlois 1,358
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Joseph-Achille Verville 4,650
Independent Joseph Uldéric Paris 3,345
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Joseph-Achille Verville 5,068
Conservative Wilfrid Laliberté 3,863
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Joseph-Achille Verville 9,768
Conservative Apollinaire Castonguay 5,373
By-election on 27 December 1937

Due to Achille Verville's death, 20 November 1937

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Joseph-Napoléon Francoeur 9,910
Independent Paul Bouchard 5,239
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Hugues Lapointe 8,983
Independent Gérard Laliberté 4,627
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Hugues Lapointe 10,122
Independent Omer Langlois 5,813
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Hugues Lapointe 8,849
Independent Adrien Lambert 6,430
Union des électeurs BenjaminDemers 288
Progressive Conservative Marie-Joseph-Émile Rousseau 72
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Hugues Lapointe 9,047
Progressive Conservative Rolland Legendre 6,879
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Raymond O'Hurley 8,372
Liberal Hugues Lapointe 7,823
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Raymond O'Hurley 9,610
Liberal Paul Biron 6,432
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Raymond O'Hurley 6,183
Liberal Auguste Choquette 5,581
Social Credit Adélard Larose 4,287
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Auguste Choquette 6,957
Progressive Conservative Raymond O'Hurley 5,449
Social Credit Gérard Lamontagne 3,442
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Auguste Choquette 6,238
Progressive Conservative Raymond O'Hurley 5,160
Ralliement créditiste Adrien Lambert 3,481
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes
Ralliement créditiste André-Gilles Fortin 11,302
Liberal Fernand Beaudet 9,743
Progressive Conservative Gérard Ouellet 8,215
New Democratic Marcel Laurin 732
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes
Social Credit André-Gilles Fortin 21,366
Liberal Henri Brunelle 9,836
Progressive Conservative Pierre Beaudet 4,258
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes
Social Credit André-Gilles Fortin 21,448
Liberal Normand Bégin 10,885
Progressive Conservative Victor Paul 2,833
New Democratic Nicole Drapeau 504
By-election on 16 October 1978

Due to André-Gilles Fortin's death, 25 June 1977

Party Candidate Votes
Social Credit Richard Janelle 16,358
Liberal Jean-Guy Dubois 11,955
Progressive Conservative Jacinthe Lavigne 6,916
New Democratic Jean-Denis Lavigne 902
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes
Social Credit Richard Janelle 20,083
Liberal Jean-Guy Dubois 16,958
Progressive Conservative Ronald Robichaud 3,639
New Democratic Jean-Denis Lavigne 1,159
Union populaire Réal Turgeon 202
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Jean-Guy Dubois 24,780
Progressive Conservative Richard Janelle 9,117
Social Credit Roland Beaulieu 3,707
New Democratic Jean-Denis Lavigne 3,041
Rhinoceros Paul Régimbald 945
Independent Michel Dumont 201
Union populaire François Laberge 75
Marxist–Leninist Nicole Éthier 59
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Maurice Tremblay 22,584
Liberal Jean-Guy Dubois 20,202
New Democratic Gaston Coté 1,963
Rhinoceros André Sévigny 909
Parti nationaliste Nelson Bouffard 881
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Maurice Tremblay 26,585
Liberal Pierre Lajeunesse 15,067
New Democratic Richard Lacoursière 8,782
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes
Bloc Québécois Jean Landry 26,763
Liberal Michael Provencher 14,659
Progressive Conservative Jacques Le Sieur 7,387
New Democratic André-Pierre Robitaille 714
Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes
Bloc Québécois Odina Desrochers 13,069
Liberal Pierre Savoie 10,062
Progressive Conservative Gaston Beaudet 9,690
Independent Jean Landry 1,988
New Democratic Dominique Vaillancourt 445

Lotbinière—L'Érable[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes
Bloc Québécois Odina Desrochers 15,351
Liberal Luc Dastous 12,563
Alliance Pierre Allard 2,827
Progressive Conservative Jean Landry 2,357
New Democratic Dominique Vaillancourt 538

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Riding history from the Library of Parliament: