Lothar Bisky in 2005
|Chairman of the Party of Democratic Socialism|
|Preceded by||Gregor Gysi|
|Succeeded by||Gabi Zimmer|
|Preceded by||Gabi Zimmer|
|Member of the Volkskammer|
March 1990 – October 1990
|Member of the Landtag of Brandenburg|
|Member of the Bundestag|
|Member of the European Parliament|
17 August 1941|
Zollbrück, Pomerania, Germany
|Died||13 August 2013
|Political party||SED (1963–1989)
The Left (2007–2013)
Lothar Bisky (17 August 1941 – 13 August 2013) was a German politician. He was the chairman of the Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS), the successor of East Germany's Socialist Unity Party (SED). In June 2007 he became co-chairman of the The Left (Die Linke) party, formed by a merger of the PDS and the much smaller Labour and Social Justice – The Electoral Alternative. From 2007 until 2010 he was the President of the Party of the European Left. Also, he was the Publisher of the socialist newspaper Neues Deutschland.
Bisky was born in Zollbrück, Pomerania, Germany (now Korzybie, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland), from where he came after 1945 as refugee to Schleswig-Holstein in northern West Germany. In order to get a free university education he emigrated to Communist GDR at the age of 18, and after facing initial doubts due to his heritage was allowed to join the Socialist Unity Party in 1963, but did not rise to leadership positions until shortly after the fall of communism and the resulting purge of hardliners from the party. He was rector of the University of Film and Television (Potsdam-Babelsberg) from 1986 to 1990. In 1991 he became a member of the board of directors of regional television channel ORB (now part of RBB).
In 1995, it was discovered that Bisky had been an informer for the Stasi. The Stasi records on his wife referred to his activities as an informant. Subsequent investigations revealed that Bisky was registered by the Stasi with the code names of Bienert between 1966 and 1970, and as Klaus Heine from 1987. Lothar Bisky was also described in Stasi records as "zuverlässig" (reliable), the highest level of trust for an informer.
When Bisky was promoted, the Hauptverwaltung Aufklärung of the Stasi issued a statement where Bisky was described as "a reliable comrade, who strictly follows orders and always is honest with the Ministry for State Security (Stasi)" ("ein zuverlässiger Genosse, der sich strikt an die gegebenen Anweisungen hält und gegenüber dem MfS stets ehrlich war").
He was chairman of the PDS from 1993 until his resignation in 2000 over a defeat for the executive committee on support for United Nations military intervention. He was re-elected chairman in 2003 after this "left turn" had cost the party its seats in the Bundestag in 2002. Bisky was seen to be on the moderate, social democratic wing of the party and was a long-time close ally of the party's most prominent figure, Gregor Gysi. He was often regarded for his abilities to lead meaningful discussions between parties of completely opposite viewpoints, be it within his own party or in media events with other groups.
The party returned strongly to the Bundestag in the 2005 election. Bisky, one of 54 Left MPs, was nominated by his party to become one of the six vice presidents of the Bundestag. When the new Bundestag was constituted on 18 October, however, he failed three times to be elected. Several MPs explained this with the fact that he was an informant of the Stasi. Later, he failed a fourth time, and subsequently gave up his bid for the vice president position which was given to Petra Pau instead.
Lothar Bisky was married and the father of three sons. The oldest son, Jens Bisky, is a journalist and writer and the second-oldest, Norbert Bisky, is a painter. The youngest son, Stephan Bisky, died in late 2008 while working towards his neuro-informatics doctorate at the University of Edinburgh.
- Hubertus Knabe: Die Täter sind unter uns: Über das Schönreden der SED-Diktatur, Propyläen 2007, p. 63.
- Helmut Müller-Enbergs; Andreas Herbst. "Bisky, Lothar * 17.8.1941, † 13.8.2013 Rektor der Hochschule für Film u. Fernsehen Potsdam-Babelsberg, Bundesvorsitzender der PDS bzw. Linkspartei" (in German). Bundesstiftung zur Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur: Biographische Datenbanken. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
- Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung:Akte Bisky: „Ein zuverlässiger Genosse“, 7. November 2005]
- Stern :Stasi-Akte Bisky, Die Sache mit "IM Bienert", 20. Oktober 2005
- Howarth, Angus (31 December 2008). "Son of political leader found dead in Edinburgh flat". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lothar Bisky.|
- Biography of party Die Linke Brandenburg
- Will Germany Go Left of the Left? by Markus Deggerich, Der Spiegel, Sept 25 2009
- FAZ: Nachruf (obituary)