Lothar Kalinowsky

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' (28 December 1899 in Berlin – June 28, 1992 in Neu York) was an American psychiatrist best known for advocating electroconvulsive therapy.[1][2]

He contributed to the second edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.


  1. ^ Pace, Eric (June 30, 1992). Lothar Kalinowsky, A Psychiatrist, 92; Used Electroshocks. New York Times
  2. ^ Kneeland TW, Warren CAB (2002). Pushbutton Psychiatry: A History of Electroshock in America. Praeger, ISBN 0-275-96815-4