Lotsane River

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Lotsane River
Lotsane river after flood.jpg
Lotsane river near Palapye after a flood
Country Botswana
Source Kalahari
 - elevation 1,300 m (4,265 ft)
 - location Limpopo River, South Africa/Botswana border
 - elevation 751 m (2,464 ft)
 - coordinates 22°40′42″S 28°11′25″E / 22.67833°S 28.19028°E / -22.67833; 28.19028Coordinates: 22°40′42″S 28°11′25″E / 22.67833°S 28.19028°E / -22.67833; 28.19028
Basin 9,748 km2 (3,764 sq mi)
Location of the Lotsane River mouth

The Lotsane River is a river in southeastern Botswana. It is a seasonal left hand tributary of the Limpopo River and has a catchment area of 9,748 square kilometers.


The Lotsane has its source in the sandveld, at the eastern fringes of the Kalahari Desert. It flows roughly eastwards, passing close to Serowe and through Palapye and flanking the feet of the Tswapong Hills on their northern side near Maunatlala. Finally it joins the left bank of the Limpopo River at the border with South Africa.[1]

Its main tributaries are the Morupule River and the Kutswe River, the latter of which cuts across the Mokgware Hills, a mountain rainge that divides the watershed of the rivers flowing northeastwards, such as the Maitsokgwane, from those flowing southeastwards like the Mahalapswe. Other tributaries are the Dikabeya River and Susuela River, which join the Lotsane east of the Tswapong area.

All the rivers in the Lotsane basin are dry throughout the year, experiencing ephemeral flow during the summer rainy season. People in nearby areas collect water stored in the sandy riverbed.[2]

There is one main dam in the Lotsane River. Currently, the construction of other dams is planned.[3] According to the Water Utilities Corporation, as of March 2012 the Lotsane Dam was almost completed.[4]


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