Lotta Crabtree Fountain
|Location||Market, Geary, and Kearny Sts., San Francisco, California|
|Area||0.1 acres (0.040 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||75000475|
|Added to NRHP||June 20, 1975|
The fountain was commissioned by Lotta Crabtree as a gift to the city of San Francisco. It was dedicated on September 9, 1875. During the fountain's centennial anniversary, it was added to the list of both the San Francisco Designated Landmarks and the U.S National Register of Historic Places.
The cast iron fountain served as a meeting point during the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and resulting fires, which is commemorated by a metal panel attached to the monument. Another panel, installed in 1911, mentions legendary opera soprano Luisa Tetrazzini, who sang for the people of San Francisco at the fountain on Christmas Eve, 1910. The bronze column was added in 1916 to equal the height of new lights being installed along Market Street. It was relocated from its original location at 3rd, Market and Kearny in 1974 during the renovation of Market Street. In 1999, the fountain, which had suffered neglect in the past decades, was totally refurbished to its 1875 appearance. It is painted with a metallic gold-brown paint. The lion's head-motif fountain stations located on the sides of the column flow during daytime hours.
In 1919, a commemoration of the earthquake was started that still occurs annually. The South of Market Boys, a fraternal drinking organization, hung a wreath on the fountain. Since then, survivors of the earthquake gathered every year at 5:12 a.m. on April 18 at the intersection. After the 2015 anniversary, the last two survivors of the earthquake died. In 2016, the tradition continued as more than 200 participants, many in period costuming, gathered to commemorate all victims of the earthquake and to draw attention to earthquake preparedness.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "City of San Francisco Designated Landmarks". City of San Francisco. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "Lotta's Fountain, (sculpture).". Save Outdoor Sculpture, California, San Francisco survey. 1994. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- O'Brien, Robert This is San Francisco Chronicle Books 1994, reprint from 1948
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lotta's Fountain.|
- Lotta Crabtree
- Lotta Crabtree, Fairy Star of the Gold Rush
- "Lotta's Legacy," by J. Kingston Pierce
- "Lotta's Fountain," Atlas Obscura
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