Lottie Mwale

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Lottie Mwale
Statistics
Nickname(s) Gunduzani
Kaingo
Weight(s) Middleweight
Light Heavyweight
Cruiserweight
Nationality Zambia Zambian
Born (1952-04-14)14 April 1952
Kitwe, Northern Rhodesia
Died 18 October 2005(2005-10-18) (aged 53)
Lusaka
Stance Orthodox
Boxing record
Total fights 53
Wins 44
Wins by KO 34
Losses 9
Draws 0
No contests 0
Lottie Mwale
Medal record
Representing  Zambia
Men's Boxing
British Commonwealth Games
Gold medal – first place 1974 Christchurch Light Middleweight

Lottie Mwale (14 April 1952 – 18 October 2005) was a Zambian male Light Heavyweight-class boxer who was Commonwealth and African Boxing Union champion for more than six years. Mwale, who is Zambia’s greatest boxer, also won the World Boxing Council (WBC) International title after defeating Ray Acquaye of Ghana in eight rounds in Lusaka in December 1990.

Early life[edit]

Mwale was born in Kitwe, Zambia (then Northern Rhodesia) on 14 April 1952. He grew up in Wusakile and went to Ndeke Primary School. He lived close to Scrivener Stadium, the home of Rhokana United and had a keen interest in football, playing as a goalkeeper in neighbourhood matches. He also exhibited musical ability by playing drums in his early teens, and harboured ambitions of making it in mainstream music. After taking up boxing for fun, his friends noticed his natural ability and talked him into taking it up seriously so he decided to put his hands to a different use.[1]

His brother-in-law was professional boxer Jackson Mambwe who also played a role in luring Mwale into the boxing ring, giving him his initial coaching and encouraging him to continue with the sport.[2] Mwale's mother was not happy with his chosen path but when she realized he had set his heart on a career in boxing, she gave in and started supporting him.

Boxing career[edit]

Mwale began his career at Rhokana Amateur Boxing Club in Kitwe and first entered the ring when he was 16. He soon fell in love with the sport and by the time he joined Zambia Army-sponsored Green Buffaloes Boxing Club, he was already a formidable amateur boxer. He reigned as middleweight champion in East and Central Africa and was appointed captain of the Zambia national boxing team in 1973. That same year, Zambia’s new golden boy, who would be known for some controversy during his career sparked off a row with officials during a triangular boxing tournament involving Zambia, Kenya and Zaire when he lost a fight against a Kenyan boxer and later claimed that he ‘just didn’t want to win.’ An inquiry was almost instituted until Mwale apologised.[2]

In January 1974, Mwale was part of Zambia’s contingent to the 1974 Commonwealth Games in Christchurch, New Zealand as a light middleweight. He powered his way into the quarter-finals with a 102-second knockout over Cook Islander Nio Mare after which team Manager Archie Phiri said he was delighted with Mwale’s performance but he would have liked the contest to last a bit longer in order to give Mwale ‘a better work-out.’ [3] Mwale made it into the finals with a majority points decision over Englishman Robert Davies though he suffered an injury to his right hand.[4] An x-ray revealed that the injury was a slight sprain and this brought a sigh of relief to the Zambian camp, paving the way for the clash with Scottish champion Alexander ‘Cye’ Harrison, a bout which Mwale predicted would be ‘too easy.’ And so it proved to be as Mwale outboxed his Scottish opponent to collect the light-middleweight gold medal on a unanimous points decision, becoming the first Zambian Sportsman to reach such an achievement. Afterwards, he declared that winning the gold medal was the proudest moment of his life and that though Harrison was a good boxer, he had the measure of him and had used his reach advantage.[5] Frank Hendry, the Scottish boxing team Manager had no hesitation in summing up Mwale as ‘the best operator at the Games.’[5]

Many fight-goers predicted that Mwale had the potential and class to do well as a professional if he ever felt like dropping his amateur status but he took his time before taking this step. In May 1975, he won a gold medal during the East and Central African Amateur Boxing Championship in Lusaka,[6] and the following year, Zambia dethroned world champions the United States in the International Council of Military Sports (CISM) Games and Mwale, fighting as a middleweight, was voted boxer of the tournament. He then talked of turning professional but shelved his plans due to his contract with the National Defence Force which was only due to end the following year.[1]

Mwale turned professional in April 1977 under Scorpio Promotions, turning down a five-year contract in the United States America saying he wanted to fight for the Commonwealth and African titles before thinking of something bigger, and hoped to move from middleweight to heavyweight division.[1] His first professional bout was against Fanwell Mwanza in April 1977 whom he knocked out in 6 rounds and earned the right to face Julius Luipa for the national light-heavyweight title.

The charismatic Mwale won over a lot of admirers and also inspired young Zambian sportsmen to succeed. He went by the nickname “Gunduzani” which means ‘shake them’ in his native language, and "Kaingo" meaning ‘Leopard.’ Although based in London, he drew large crowds whenever he fought at home and also boasted a punch called the NPPP, which stood for ‘Nuclear Power-Packed Punch.’ His lifestyle outside the ring also made headlines, as he loved to party and often moved with a large entourage of hangers-ons whom he generously bought drinks for.

He knocked out Luipa in the 6th round in Lusaka and two years later knocked out Commonwealth champion Gary Summerhays of Canada in the 10th round in Lusaka. Two months later, Mwale had the opportunity to spar with his idol Muhammad Ali in an exhibition bout at the Royal Albert Hall in London, to mark Ali's final retirement after which Ali predicted a great future for the Zambian.[7] By this time, Mwale was being managed by Wilfred Sauerland and trained by George Francis. Later that year, he defeated African Boxing Union (ABU) champion Bagayuko Sounkalo of Mali to win the continental title and prepare himself for the World Boxing Council title fight. After 5 consecutive wins including three victories over Americans Fred Brown, Jesse Burnett and Ed Turner, Mwale won the right to challenge WBC light-heavyweight champion Matthew Saad Muhammad.

The two squared up on 28 November 1980 in San Diego with Mwale dominating the first two rounds only to waver in the third round and then he got knocked out in the fourth round, the first loss of his professional career. Afterwards, Mwale admitted that he had gotten careless after catching Muhammad with most of his shots in the first two rounds, and taking it for granted that his opponent would not last the distance. “I wanted to show that I could fight him but he proved to be stronger than me.” He also dismissed suggestions that he lost because he was lighter than Muhammad and urged his fans to accept the defeat – “When you lose, you don’t start talking rubbish. I am a boxer and I lost. There are no excuses.”[8]

In December 1981, Mwale was a victim of police brutality when he was detained and beaten up by policemen in Lusaka for allegedly splashing muddy water on people by the roadside. He was forcibly dragged out of his Range Rover by over 15 police men and detained in a police truck for nearly two hours, where they slapped him and hit him with gun butts. Mwale later complained that he was held prisoner for no reason and that he had been molested by the police. “Every time they slapped one of my cheeks, I turned over the other one for them to slap as well.”[9]

Mwale then won two fights against his closest Zambian challenger, Chisanda Mutti though many Zambian fans felt he was fortunate to get the decision in both fights. In between, he lost his second professional fight against American Eddie Mustapha Muhammad via a 4th-round knockout in Las Vegas.

Mwale lost his Commonwealth title to Leslie Stewart of Trinidad and Tobago in Port au Spain in 1985 and soon after, the African title to Nigeria’s Joe Lasisi. In 1989, he regained the Zambian light-heavyweight title which he had had to vacate when he won the Commonwealth and African titles, with a 6th-round knockout of Enoch Chama. The following year, he added the Zambian cruiserweight belt after an 8th-round knockout of Joseph Poto. Mwale then got a shot at the WBC International title when he was pitted against Ghanaian Ray Acquaye. Mwale knew that at the age of 38, this was probably his last chance to win an international belt so he trained hard for the fight and turned back the years with an 8th-round knockout in Lusaka. As a result of this victory, Mwale expected to win the Sportsman of the Year award at the 1991 Zambian annual sports awards, but when the award went to athlete Samuel Matete, Mwale was incensed and tore up the certificate of merit that was given to him instead, in full view of everyone at the ceremony. He later apologized for his actions but said he expected to be honoured with the top award after winning an international title for the country.

He however lost the belt in his very next fight to Virgil Hill of the United States two years later in Bismarck, North Dakota after which his promoter disappeared with his $55,000 purse money, leaving him stranded until the Zambian High Commission came to his aid.

He won his next two fights against Wally Kafumbi and Jim Murray and then attempted to win back the Zambian light-heavyweight title which was by then held by Mike Chilambe. In August 1993, Mwale was battered and knocked out in the 8th round after which he shocked his followers when he claimed he had lost the fight because he was drunk. He immediately asked for a rematch which Chilambe granted him. Mwale trained hard for the rematch and promised to teach Chilambe a lesson.

The two faced off again on 2 April 1994 and the only person who got taught a lesson was Mwale. Although he fared much better in this fight, Chilambe was the clear winner with a unanimous points decision. Mwale then announced his retirement from the ring. His career fight record was: 44 fights won, with 34 knockouts, and lost 9 fights, with 4 of these coming in his last six fights.[10]

Death[edit]

Mwale then went through some hard times and ended up dependent on charity, donations from well wishers and the Zambian government. In 1999, he suffered from poor co-ordination of the limbs and was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease.

On 17 August 2001, the London-based Boxing News reported Mwale’s ‘death’, painting a grim picture of his poverty-sticken death. When Mwale, who was very much alive, complained that the story had led to the WBC stopping his pension, the magazine retracted the article with an apology, calling it 'an horrendous error' on their part.[11]

After a 6-year battle with Parkinson's disease, Mwale died on 18 October 2005 in Lusaka[12] Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa described him as a national hero,[13] and in November 2008, the WBC announced plans to construct a boxing school in Lusaka in his honour.[14]

On 24 April 2013, Mwale's remains were exhumed from Lusaka's Old Leopard's Hill Cemetery and reburied at and Leopards Hill Memorial Park, a resting place befitting a Zambian hero.[15]

Professional boxing record[edit]

44 Wins (34 knockouts, 10 decisions), 9 Losses (7 knockouts, 2 decisions) [1]
Result Record Opponent Type Round Date Location Notes
Loss 10-4 Zambia Michael Chilambe PTS 12 02/04/1994 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia Zambia Light Heavyweight Title.
Loss 8-4 Zambia Michael Chilambe TKO 8 28/08/1993 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia Zambia Light Heavyweight Title.
Win 16-5-1 South Africa Jim Murray PTS 10 15/05/1993 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 0-1 Zambia Wally Kafumbi KO 6 24/11/1992 Zambia Chingola, Zambia
Loss 7-1 Trinidad and Tobago Jimmy "Farmer" Joseph TKO 7 04/09/1992 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago WBC International Light Heavyweight Title.
Loss 31-1 United States Virgil "Quicksilver" Hill KO 4 11/04/1992 North Dakota Bismarck, North Dakota, United States WBC International Light Heavyweight Title. Mwale knocked out at 1:44 of the fourth round.
Win 4-2 Ghana "Sugar" Ray Acquaye KO 8 20/12/1990 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia WBC International Light Heavyweight Title.
Win 3-6 Zimbabwe Gilbert Mwambo KO 4 08/09/1990 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 1-1-1 Zambia Joseph Poto KO 8 05/08/1990 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia Zambia Cruiserweight Title.
Win -- Tanzania Lucas Msomba KO 1 21/10/1989 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 3-3 Zambia Enoch Chama TKO 6 26/08/1989 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia Zambia Light Heavyweight Title.
Loss 34-5 United States Lindell Holmes KO 8 11/03/1988 Germany Düsseldorf, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Win 28-11-1 United States Jeff Lampkin PTS 10 05/12/1987 Germany Düsseldorf, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Win 3-6 Zimbabwe Captain Cleopas Marvel PTS 8 29/08/1987 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 22-3 Zimbabwe Proud Kilimanjaro PTS 10 30/05/1987 Zimbabwe Harare, Zimbabwe
Loss 8-0 Nigeria Joe Lasisi KO 8 25/04/1986 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia ABU Light Heavyweight Title.
Loss 17-0 Trinidad and Tobago Leslie "Laventille Tiger" Stewart PTS 12 04/08/1985 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago Commonwealth Light Heavyweight Title.
Win -- Fred Sabaath TKO 2 15/06/1985 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 2-0 Nigeria Joe Allotey TKO 2 05/05/1985 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 7-1-1 United States Dale Wilburn KO 2 15/09/1984 Germany Dortmund, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Win -- Diego Alonso KO 2 25/08/1984 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 22-4 New Zealand Alex Sua PTS 12 30/07/1984 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 17-3-1 Zambia Chisanda Mutti PTS 12 08/10/1983 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia Commonwealth Light Heavyweight Title.
Win -- Elias Mukachunga KO 2 28/08/1983 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 24-2-1 Uganda Mustafa Wasajja TKO 3 15/03/1983 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia Commonwealth/ABU Light Heavyweight Title. Referee stopped the bout at 2:15 of the third round.
Win 2-7 Nigeria Billy Savage TKO 2 30/01/1983 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia Commonwealth/ABU Light Heavyweight Title.
Win 18-3 Zimbabwe Kid Power KO 13 28/11/1982 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia Commonwealth/ABU Light Heavyweight Title.
Loss 40-6-1 United States Eddie Mustafa Muhammad KO 4 02/10/1982 Nevada Las Vegas, Nevada, United States Mwale knocked out at 1:47 of the fourth round.
Win 13-2-1 Zambia Chisanda Mutti TKO 13 05/07/1982 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia Commonwealth/ABU Light Heavyweight Title.
Win 14-8-2 United States Don Addison KO 8 01/11/1981 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 17-3 Cameroon Louis Pergaud KO 5 06/09/1981 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia ABU Light Heavyweight Title.
Loss 27-3-2 United States Matthew Saad Muhammad KO 4 28/11/1980 California San Diego, California, United States WBC World Light Heavyweight Title. Mwale knocked out at 2:25 of the fourth round.
Win 22-19-1 United States Ed "Savage" Turner KO 2 04/05/1980 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 19-10-2 United States Jesse Burnett PTS 12 04/03/1980 United Kingdom Wembley, London, United Kingdom 119-117.
Win 14-9-1 United States Fred Brown KO 7 29/12/1979 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 52-12-1 Jamaica Bunny Johnson PTS 10 23/10/1979 United Kingdom Wembley, London, United Kingdom
Win 33-34-2 Trinidad and Tobago Carlos Marks KO 2 09/10/1979 United Kingdom Kensington, London, United Kingdom
Win 22-12-2 Mali Ba Sounkalo KO 5 30/09/1979 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia ABU Light Heavyweight Title.
Win 8-5-1 United States Vandell "Big Boy" Woods KO 3 11/09/1979 United Kingdom Wembley, London, United Kingdom
Win 11-12-1 United States Dave Lee Royster TKO 4 04/06/1979 United Kingdom Liverpool, Merseyside, United Kingdom
Win 35-14-3 Canada Gary Summerhays TKO 5 31/03/1979 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia Commonwealth Light Heavyweight Title.
Win 8-6 United States Billy Ratliff TKO 2 26/02/1979 United Kingdom Mayfair, London, United Kingdom
Win 10-18-4 United States Bob "Natchez Lightning" Smith KO 4 30/12/1978 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 29-3-3 Italy Ennio Cornetti KO 5 04/11/1978 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 29-6 United States Lonnie Bennett KO 1 30/09/1978 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 20-1 United States Marvin Johnson PTS 8 17/06/1978 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Win 24-0-1 United Kingdom Tony Sibson KO 1 23/05/1978 United Kingdom Leicester, Leicestershire, United Kingdom
Win 14-15-1 The Bahamas Bobby Lloyd PTS 10 02/03/1978 Norway Oslo, Norway
Win 6-2-1 Australia Dragon Todorovic KO 6 01/09/1977 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 0-1 Fanwell Mwanza KO 2 01/08/1977 Zambia Kitwe, Zambia
Win 12-7 Zambia George Chisenga KO 4 01/07/1977 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia
Win 1-0 Zambia Julius Luipa KO 6 09/05/1977 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia Zambia Light Heavyweight Title.
Win -- Fanwell Mwanza KO 6 08/04/1977 Zambia Lusaka, Zambia

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Anon. “Lottie Mwale turns pro,” Times of Zambia, 7 April 1977, p.8
  2. ^ a b Wasa, Mike “Champ was ‘lured’ into boxing ring,” Times of Zambia, 2 February 1974, p.6
  3. ^ Bell, Terry and Evans John “Mwale’s big score!” Times of Zambia, 28 January 1974, p.6
  4. ^ Bell, Terry and Moono Mike “Luipa, Mwale power into Games finals” Times of Zambia, 31 January 1974, p.6
  5. ^ a b Evans, John “Lottie’s gold!” Times of Zambia, 2 February 1974, p.6
  6. ^ Anon. “Mwale is Orbit man of the month,” Times of Zambia, 5 June 1975 p. 10
  7. ^ Anon. “Lottie’s great - Ali” Times of Zambia, 31 May 1979, p.8
  8. ^ Anon. “I was careless, admits Mwale” Sunday Times of Zambia, 7 December 1980, p.8
  9. ^ Jestele, Sebastian. “Champ Mwale spanked by lawmen” Times of Zambia, 1 January 1981, p.8
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2009-12-25.  |title=Lottie Mwale |publisher=All Boxing Stats | accessdate=25 December 2009
  11. ^ “Zambian boxer broke after 'death'” (2 November 2001), BBC, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/1634644.stm (retrieved 14 September 2012)
  12. ^ .“Zambia's greatest boxer Mwale dies at 53” (20 October 2005), The Guardian, http://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/2005/oct/20/boxing.gdnsport3 (retrieved 14 September 2012)
  13. ^ Chipepo, Elias (19 October 2005). "...as Levy mourns legendary boxer". Times of Zambia. http://www.times.co.zm/news/viewnews.cgi?category=17&id=1129666103. (Retrieved 25 December 2009)
  14. ^ "World Boxing Council To Put Up A Boxing School In Zambia" (November 12, 2008) http://www.fightsrec.com/lottie-mwale.html (retrieved 23 September 2012)
  15. ^ Kashweka, Felix (25 April 2013) "Lottie's widow collapses during reburial" The Post http://www.postzambia.com/post-read_article.php?articleId=31941, retrieved 25 April 2013)