A Lotto carpet is a hand-knotted, patterned Turkish carpet that was produced primarily during the 16th and 17th centuries along the Aegean coast of Anatolia, Turkey, although it was also copied in various parts of Europe. It is characterized by a lacy arabesque, usually in yellow on a red ground, often with blue details. The name "Lotto carpet" refers to the inclusion of carpets with this pattern in paintings by the 16th-century Venetian painter Lorenzo Lotto, although they appear in many earlier Oriental carpets in Renaissance painting.
Lotto carpets used to be known as "Small-pattern Holbein Type II" by Western scholars, but Holbein never painted one, unlike Lorenzo Lotto who did so several times (although he was not the first artist to do so). Lotto is also documented as owning a large carpet, though its pattern is unknown. Though they look very different from Holbein Type I carpets, they are a development of the type, where the edges of the motifs take off in rigid arabesques somewhat suggesting foliage, and terminating in branched palmettes. The type was common and long-lasting, and is also known as "Arabesque Ushak". Lotto carpets are also depicted in paintings by Murillo, Willem Key and Zurbarán in the 17th century, and Dutch paintings until the 1660s and sometimes later.
Lotto rug, first half 17th century, offered at auction 2018
The Alms of St Anthony, oil on wood painting by Lorenzo Lotto, showing a Lotto carpet, 1542
- Cambell 2006, p. 189.
- "Carpets of the Ottoman Period: Type II Holbein or "Lotto" Carpets". Old Ottoman carpets. Archived from the original on 1 January 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
- King & Sylvester 1983, pp. 16, 67–70.
- King & Sylvester 1983, p. 20.
- Ellis, Charles Grant (1975). The "Lotto" pattern as a fashion in carpets (1st ed.). Hamburg: Hauswedell. pp. 19–31.
- Cambell, Gordon, ed. (2006). The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts. Vol. 1, Aalto to Kyoto Pottery. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195189483.
- King, Donald; Sylvester, David, eds. (1983). The Eastern Carpet in the Western World, From the 15th to the 17th century. London: Arts Council of Great Britain. ISBN 0-7287-0362-9.
- Brown, David Alan; Humfrey, Peter; Lucco, Mauro (1997). Lorenzo Lotto: Rediscovered Master of the Renaissance. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Mack, Rosamond E. (2002). Bazaar to Piazza: Islamic Trade and Italian Art, 1300-1600. Los Angeles: University of California Press.