Louie Croft Boyd

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Louie Croft Boyd

DiedJune 15, 1951 (aged 79–80)
Denver, Colorado, US
EducationB.A., Colorado Training School for Nurses, 1899
Certificate of Hospital Economics, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1909
OccupationHospital superintendent of nurses
Nursing instructor
Years active1900–1941
Known forFirst licensed nurse in state of Colorado (1905)
Medical career
InstitutionsDenver General Hospital
Rio Grande Hospital, Salida, Colorado
St. Luke's Hospital, Denver
Wyoming General Hospital, Rock Springs, Wyoming
Minnesota State Sanatorium for Consumptives

Louie Croft Boyd (1871 – June 15, 1951) was an American nurse, hospital superintendent of nurses, nursing instructor, and writer. As a lobbyist for the newly formed Colorado State Trained Nurses Association, she advocated for legislation to regulate the licensing of nurses in Colorado. Upon passage of the bill in 1905, she applied for and became the first licensed nurse in the state. She was posthumously inducted into the Colorado Nurses Association Hall of Fame and the Colorado Women's Hall of Fame in 2004.

Early life and education[edit]

Louie Croft Boyd was born in New York in 1871.[1] As a teenager, Boyd was active in the cause of women's suffrage and wrote for a newspaper. In 1892 she relocated to Colorado for health reasons, and during her convalescence became interested in nursing.[2] She enrolled at the newly opened Colorado Training School for Nurses at Denver General Hospital, where she earned her B.A. in 1899.[3]

She did postgraduate work at Chicago Presbyterian Hospital in 1904, and became a registered nurse in Colorado in 1905 and in Minnesota in 1909.[3] In 1909 she earned a Certificate of Hospital Economics at Teachers College, Columbia University.[4] She was also an alumnus of the University of Colorado Denver, the University of Denver, and the University of New Mexico.[2]


Boyd was appointed Superintendent of Nurses at Denver General Hospital and Rio Grande Hospital in Salida in 1900. She worked in the same capacity at St. Luke's Hospital in Denver; Wyoming General Hospital in Rock Springs, Wyoming; and the Minnesota State Sanatorium for Consumptives.[3][5]

In 1910 she began training nurses at Park Avenue Hospital, City and County Hospital, and Children's Hospital of Denver.[3] During World War I, she was a Red Cross Instructor and Examiner in Elementary Hygiene and Home Care of the Sick, and was involved in the formation of a military base hospital in Denver.[2][3] She later taught at the University of Colorado and the University of New Mexico.[2][6]


In 1904 Boyd participated in the establishment of the Colorado State Trained Nurses Association (today the Colorado Nurses Association).[5] She served that organization as secretary from 1904 to 1906.[3] She was also the group's first lobbyist, in which capacity she advocated for legislation to regulate the licensing of nurses.[5] When the bill was passed into law in 1905, creating the State Board of Nursing Examiners, Boyd applied for her own license, becoming the first licensed nurse in the state on July 26, 1905.[5][7] Boyd's 1911 work State Registration for Nurses (updated in 1915) summarizes the laws applying to nurse registration throughout the United States and notes the differences in regulatory rules among states.[8]

Boyd served as the first secretary of the State Board of Nursing Examiners from 1905 to 1907, and later served as its president.[2][3] She was also a member of the National League for Nursing Education.[3][5]

Final years[edit]

Boyd became blind due to glaucoma, forcing her retirement in 1941.[5] She died on June 15, 1951, at Denver General Hospital.[2] In her will, she donated her body to the University of Colorado School of Medicine for the study of glaucoma.[2][5]


In 2004 Boyd was posthumously inducted into both the Colorado Nurses Association Hall of Fame[9] and the Colorado Women's Hall of Fame.[5]

Selected bibliography[edit]

  • Palmer Lake and environments: The wonderland of the West, a realm of grandeur and beauty, an unrivalled health and pleasure resort, a rich agricultural and grazing country, a promising mining camp, a country of many diversified resources, a land which offers homes, health and happiness to rich and poor. Palmer Lake, Colorado. 1895. OCLC 83451367. (with W. Finley Thompson)
  • Boyd, Louie Croft (January 1907). "The Tuberculosis Situation in Denver, Colorado". American Journal of Nursing. 7 (4): 265–268. doi:10.2307/3403351. JSTOR 3403351.
  • State Registration for Nurses. W. B. Saunders Co. 1911. (2nd edition pub. 1915)
  • "The University and the Education of the Nurse". Bulletin of the University of Mexico. 1 (10): 388–411. September 1916.
  • Colorado Training School for Nurses 1887–1924. 1924. OCLC 52102187.
  • Boyd, Louie Croft (1924). History of the Denver General Hospital, Denver, Colorado, 1860–1924.
  • Boyd, Louie Croft (August 1928). "Tramping with a Camera". American Journal of Nursing. 28 (8): 793–797. doi:10.2307/3408476. JSTOR 3408476.
  • Katrina Wolf Murat, the Pioneer. State Historical Society of Colorado. 1939.


  1. ^ Epstein, Vivian (1997). History of Colorado's Women for Young People. Vivian Sheldon Epstein. p. 47. ISBN 978-1891424007.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Obituaries". American Journal of Nursing. 51 (9): 42. September 1951.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Alumni Directory of the University of New Mexico, 1892–1918". Bulletin of the University of New Mexico. 31 (2): 19. April 1918.
  4. ^ State Registration for Nurses. W. B. Saunders Co. 1911.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Louie Croft Boyd". Colorado Women's Hall of Fame. 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  6. ^ Carson, Dina C. (November 2011). "Faculty, Staff and Administrators of the University of Colorado, 1877–1921". Boulder Genealogical Society Quarterly. 43 (4): 89. ISBN 9781105148590.
  7. ^ "Senate Resolution 05-011" (PDF). Colorado Senate. 2005. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  8. ^ Réney, Rebecca Emily; Reney, Rebecca Emily (April 1911). "Review: Aids to Midwives by Rebecca Emily Réney". American Journal of Nursing. 11 (7): 582. doi:10.2307/3404950. JSTOR 3404950.
  9. ^ Smith, Jason P. (25 October 2004). "CNA Celebrates 100 years". Denver's Nursing Star. Retrieved 18 June 2017.