Louis, Duke of Vendôme

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Duke of Vendôme
Louis de Vendôme duc de Mercoeur by Dumonstier.jpg
Louis in 1630, by Daniel Dumonstier
Born December 1612
Paris, France
Died 6 August 1669
Aix-en-Provence, France
Spouse Laura Mancini
Issue Louis Joseph, Duke of Vendôme
Philippe, Duke of Vendôme
Full name
Louis de Bourbon
Father César de Bourbon
Mother Françoise de Lorraine
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature Louis's signature

Louis de Bourbon (December 1612 – 6 August 1669), was Duke of Mercœur and later the second Duke of Vendôme, and the grandson of Henry IV of France and Gabrielle d'Estrées. He was the Duke of Vendôme from 1665 at the death of his father.


He was the son of César de Bourbon, Légitimé de France, Duke of Vendôme and Françoise de Lorraine (1592–1669), daughter of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur (d. 1602).[1]

His father was an illegitimate son of Henry IV of France and Gabrielle d'Estrées. He married on 4 February 1651 Laura Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin. His children:

First he had a military career and became governor of Provence in 1640.

After the death of his wife in 1657, he entered the church and became a cardinal and legate of France. As a cardinal, he was styled as the cardinal de Vendôme. At his death, his children were raised by his sister-in-law, Marie Anne Mancini, wife of Godefroy Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, none of whom left descendants.


Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • December 1612 – 22 October 1665 the Duke of Mercœur
  • 22 October 1665 – 12 August 1669 the Duke of Vendôme

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Daniel Dumonstier, Musée Condé, Chantilly, 2006


French nobility
Preceded by
Duke of Mercœur
Succeeded by
Louis Joseph
Preceded by
Duke of Vendôme
Succeeded by
Louis Joseph