Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal

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Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
Ludwig von Hessen-Philippsthal.jpg
Louis of Hesse-Philippsthal
Spouse(s) Marie Franziska Berghe of Trips
Noble family House of Hesse
Father William, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
Mother Ulrika Eleonora of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
Born (1766-10-08)8 October 1766
Philippsthal
Died 15 February 1816(1816-02-15) (aged 49)
Naples

Louis of Hesse-Philippsthal (German: Ludwig von Hessen-Philippsthal; 8 October 1766 – 15 February 1816) was a German nobleman and a general. He fought for the Kingdom of Naples (later Kingdom of the Two Sicilies). From 1813 until his death, he was the ruling Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal.

Biography[edit]

Louis was born at Philippsthal as the son of Landgrave William and his wife Ulrika Eleonora of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld.

A prince of the family of the Landgraves of Hesse-Philippsthal, he fought for the Kingdom of Naples during the Napoleonic Wars. In the course of the War of the Third Coalition, he commanded the garrison of the fortress of Gaeta in the siege laid by the French in 1806, refusing to obey the order of the Neapolitan government to surrender it. His troops resisted for six months, until 18 July after Louis, while leading his men on the bastions, was wounded on 10 July and had to leave the fortress.

Later, together with colonel Nunziante and lieutenant colonel Bardot, an expedition of 4,000 men who, in 1807, left Sicily to attempt the reconquest of the mainland of Naples. They were however defeated in the Battle of Mileto of 28 May 1807.

After the death of his brother Charles in the siege of Frankfurt in 1793, Louis succeeded him as hereditary prince of the langraviate of Hesse-Philippsthal. When Louis died childless at Naples in 1816 (his only son had died in 1802, aged four), the title went to his brother Ernest Constantine.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Louis married on 21 January 1791 in Susteren to Countess Marie Franziska Berghe of Trips (1771–1805). His parents were unaware of this marriage and didn't recognize when they learned about it. Moreover, he had to resign from the Dutch army, as officers were not allowed to marry Catholics. Marie Franziska had connections, and managed to get her husband a position in the army of the Kingdom of Naples. After his death, she served as Mistress of the Robes at the court of Queen Maria Carolina.

Louis and Marie Franziska had two children:

  • Caroline (1793–1872), married in 1810 to Count Ferdinand de la Ville sur Illon (d. 1865), divorced 1814
  • William (1798-1802)

Ancestors[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Le Bas, Philippe (1842). France, dictionnaire encyclopédique (in French). Firmin Didot. 
Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
Born: 8 October 1766 Died: 15 February 1816
Preceded by
William
Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal
1813-1816
Succeeded by
Ernest Constantine