Louis, Prince of Condé (1530–1569)
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|Louis I de Bourbon|
|Prince of Condé|
7 May 1530|
13 March 1569 (aged 38)|
Eléanor de Roucy de Roye|
Francoise d'Orleans, Mademoiselle de Longueville
|House||House of Bourbon-Condé|
|Father||Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme|
prev. Roman Catholic
Born in Vendôme, he was the fifth son of Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, and the younger brother of Antoine de Bourbon who married Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre; their son, Condé's nephew, became Henry IV of France. Condé's cousin, through his father - who was the brother of Antoinette de Bourbon - was Mary of Guise. His mother was Françoise d'Alençon, the eldest daughter of René, Duke of Alençon and Margaret of Lorraine.
As a soldier in the French army, Condé fought at the Siege of Metz in 1552, when Francis, Duke of Guise successfully defended the city from the forces of Emperor Charles V, and again at the Battle of St. Quentin in 1557.
Whilst returning from a campaign in Italy, Louis stopped in Geneva to hear a sermon. After his conversion to Protestantism, he is suspected to have become involved in the Conspiracy of Amboise in 1560,[a][b] a plot by the Huguenots and members of the House of Bourbon to abduct the adolescent King Francis II and usurp the power of the House of Guise, who were the leaders of the Catholic party. The plot failed, leading to the massacre of many Huguenots. Condé was arrested in late October 1560, but later released 8 March 1561.
On 2 April 1562, Condé, commanding a Huguenot army, captured Orléans, with it he issued a draft stating that King Charles IX was being held hostage by the House of Guise. However, Queen-mother Catherine de' Medici proclaimed she and her son were not hostages and that Condé's actions were unlawful and constituted a rebellion. Condé was captured at the battle of Dreux in 1562. At Orléans, the duke of Guise was assassinated, and when the Queen's fears that the war might drag on led her to negotiate a truce, Condé negotiated the Peace of Amboise with the Catholic party in 1563, which gave the Huguenots some religious toleration. In the third French religious civil war, Condé was killed at the Battle of Jarnac in 1569.
His son, Henri, also became a Huguenot general.
Condé married in 1551 Eléanor de Roucy de Roye (1536–1564), heiress of Charles de Roye. She brought as her dowry the château and small town of Conti-sur-Selles, southwest of Amiens, which would pass to their third son, progenitor of the princes de Bourbon-Conti. They had:
- Henri de Bourbon, Prince of Condé
- Marguerite de Bourbon b. 8 Nov 1556
- Charles de Bourbon b. 3 Nov 1557
- François de Bourbon, Prince of Conti b. 19 Aug 1558
- Charles de Bourbon, Cardinal, Archbishop of Rouen, b. 30 Mar 1562
- Louis de Bourbon b. 30 Mar 1562
- Madeleine de Bourbon b. 7 Oct 1563
- Catherine de Bourbon b. 1564
- Charles de Bourbon, Count of Soissons b. 3 Nov 1566, Nogent le Rotrou
- Louis de Bourbon b. 1567
- Benjamin de Bourbon b. 1569
He allegedly fathered a son by his mistress Isabelle de Limeuil, who served as Maid of Honour to Catherine de' Medici and was a member of her notorious group of female spies known at the French court as the "Flying Squadron". He vigorously denied paternity much to Isabelle's chagrin.
Depiction in media
- Knecht 1989, p. 134.
- Mullett 2010, p. 107.
- Knecht 1989, p. 15.
- Knecht 1989, p. 24.
- Knecht 2000, p. 67.
- Knecht 2000, p. 71.
- Knecht 2000, p. 76.
- Knecht 2000, p. 85-86.
- Knecht 2000, p. 101.
- Knecht 1989, p. 38.
- Knecht 1989, p. 41.
- de Boislisle 1902, p. 198.
- Strage 1976, p. 131.
- "Reign - Season 2- Sean Teale joins cast". Spoiler TV. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- de Boislisle, A. (1902). "Trois Princes de Conde: A Chantilly". Annuaire-Bulletin de la Société de l'histoire de France (in French). Vol. 39, No. 2.
- Knecht, R.J. (1989). The French Wars of Religion, 1559-1598. Longman.
- Knecht, R.J. (2000). The French Civil Wars. Pearson Education Limited.
- Mullett, Michael (2010). Historical Dictionary of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation. Scarecrow Press.
- Strage, Mark (1976). Women of Power: The Life and Times of Catherine de' Medici. Harcourt, Brace & Jovanovich.
Louis, Prince of Condé (1530–1569)
Cadet branch of the House of BourbonBorn: 7 May 1530 Died: 13 March 1569
| Prince of Condé
1546 – 13 March 1569
Henri I de Bourbon