Louis-Ernest Dubois

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His Eminence
Louis-Ernest Dubois
Cardinal, Archbishop of Paris
Louis-Ernest Dubois-1920.jpg
Cardinal Dubois, the new archbishop of Paris, in front of Notre Dame in 1920
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Paris
Installed 1920
Term ended 23 September 1929
Predecessor Léon-Adolphe Amette
Successor Jean Verdier
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Aquiro
Personal details
Born (1856-09-01)1 September 1856
Saint-Calais France
Died 23 September 1929(1929-09-23) (aged 73)
Paris France
Buried Notre Dame de Paris
Nationality French
Previous post Bishop of Verdun (1901-1909)
Cardinal Archbishop of Bourges (1910-1920)
Cardinal Archbishop of Rouen, Primate of Normandy (1916-1920)
Coat of arms

Louis-Ernest Dubois (1 September 1856 – 23 September 1929) was a Roman Catholic Cardinal and Archbishop of Paris. He played a leading role in the period of adjustment to the separation of Church and State in France.

Styles of
Louis-Ernest Dubois
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Paris

Early life[edit]

He was born in Saint-Calais (Sarthe) to a family from the adjacent commune of St. Gervais. He was educated at the Seminary of Le Mans. He was ordained on 20 September 1879.

After his ordination he worked in the diocese of Le Mans from 1879 until 1898. He was editor of Semaine du fidèle in 1888. He served as Vicar general of the diocese of Le Mans from 1898 until 1901.


Pope Leo XIII appointed him Bishop of Verdun on 18 April 1901. Verdun was one of only two French cities where the bishop was not obliged to leave his palace in 1905.

He was promoted to the metropolitan see of Bourges in 1909. He spent until 1916 in Bourges until he was transferred to metropolitan see of Rouen on 13 March 1916.


He was created and proclaimed Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Aquiro (deaconry elevated pro hac vice to title) in the consistory of December 4, 1916.

He was transferred to become Archbishop of Paris on 13 December 1920. He took part in the conclave of 1922 that electe Pope Pius XI. Dubois played a conciliatory role in relations with French authorities. He established an ordinariate (under Msgr. Chaptal, a descendant of the Napoleonic Interior Minister)to co-ordinate, thereby increasing French clerical control of the work of foreign language Catholic chaplaincies in Paris). He remained as Archbishop of Paris until his death in 1929. He is buried in Notre-Dame de Paris.


When the existence of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in Constantinople was under threat from the Turkish authorities, and the incumbent patriarch forced to leave the country, he led an unofficial mission on behalf of the French Government. The British reacted to this incident by sending a naval squadron, thus giving rise to the Perote saying (Pera was the diplomatic and cosmopolitan quarter of Constantinople) "les Anglais ont envoyé de l'acier et les Français Dubois".


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Léon-Adolphe Amette
Archbishop of Paris
13 December 1920–23 September 1929
Succeeded by
Jean Verdier