Louis-Hector de Callière

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Louis-Hector de Callière
Hector-Calliere.jpg
Governor of Montreal
In office
1684–1699
Preceded by Thomas Tarieu de LaNouguère
Succeeded by François Provost
Governor of New France
In office
1698–1703
Monarch Louis XIV
Preceded by Louis de Buade de Frontenac
Succeeded by Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil
Personal details
Born (1648-11-12)12 November 1648
Torigni-sur-Vire, Manche
Died 26 May 1703(1703-05-26) (aged 54)
Quebec City
Relations François de Callières
Parents Madeleine Potier de Courcy
Jacques de Callières
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature

Louis-Hector de Callière or Callières (12 November 1648 – 26 May 1703) was a French politician, who was the governor of Montreal (1684–1699), and the 13th governor of New France from 1698 to 1703.[1] During his era as governor of Montreal, the Iroquois war had enhanced the importance of that position. He conducted himself so well during this period that he was awarded the prestigious cross of Saint-Louis in 1694 partly under the recommendation of Buade de Frontenac. He, additionally, played an important role in defining the strategy that New France followed during the Queen Anne's War. He ranked as captain in the regiment of Navarre. He came to Canada in 1684, and was appointed Governor of Montreal at the demand of the Sulpicians who were Seigneurs of the island. The situation of the colony at that time was most critical, owing to Frontenac's departure, the weakness of Governor de la Barre, and the woeful error of the French government in sending to the galleys in France some Iroquois chiefs captured at Cataracoui (Kingston).

In 1689 Callières proposed to Louis XIV to invade New England by land and sea, and obtained the reappointment of Frontenac as governor. In 1690 he marched to the defense of Quebec, when it was besieged by Phipps. A valiant and experienced soldier, he aided Frontenac in saving New France from the Iroquois and in raising the prestige of the French flag. He was one of the first to receive the Cross of St. Louis (1694). Having succeeded Frontenac in 1698, he devoted all his skill and energy to the pacification of the Indians. The treaty of Montreal (1701), agreed to by representatives of all the tribes, was the crowning result of all his efforts. This treaty is considered as Callières' chief title to fame. That same year he sent Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac to found Detroit. One of the most conspicuous figures in Canadian history, he left a reputation of disinterestedness, honour, and probity.

Family[edit]

De Callière was born in Thorigny-sur-Vire, Lower Normandy.

He was the son of Jacques de Callières, governor of Cherbourg and the author of La Fortune des gens de qualité et des gentilshommes particuliers, enseignant l'art de vivre à la cour suivant les maximes de la politique et de la morale ("The Fortune of people of quality and private gentlemen, teaching the art of living at court according to the maxims of politics and morality"), and Madeleine Potier de Courey.

François de Callières, the eldest son, was elected to the French Academy in 1689 and also served with distinction in Louis XIV’s diplomatic corps. In 1701, thanks to his ability to imitate the royal handwriting and to his mastery of the French language, succeeded Toussaint Rose as the secretary "who held the pen." His duties, designed to save the monarch time and fatigue, consisted of writing in a hand and style similar to those of the king letters and memoirs to dignitaries and foreign heads of state and of signing them with the royal name. Such a position of trust gave Callières great power which he frequently used to further the career of Louis-Hector in Canada.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Greer, Allan (14 January 2008). "Louis-Hector de Callière". The Canadian Encyclopedia (online ed.). Historica Canada. Retrieved October 21, 2013. 


Government offices
Preceded by
Louis de Buade de Frontenac
Governor General of New France
1698 – 1703
Succeeded by
Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.