Louis-Honoré Fréchette, 1900. Credit: Royal Society Portraits / Library and Archives Canada / C-002037.
November 16, 1839|
Lévis, Lower Canada
|Died||May 31, 1908(aged 68)|
|Occupation||poet, playwright, short story writer|
|Notable awards||Prix Montyon, CMG|
Louis-Honoré Fréchette, CMG (November 16, 1839 – May 31, 1908), was a Canadian poet, politician, playwright, and short story writer. For his prose, he would be the first Quebecois to receive the Prix Montyon from the Académie française, as well as the first Canadian to receive any honor of this kind from a European nation.
Born in Lévis, Lower Canada, from 1854 to 1860 Fréchette did his classical studies at the Séminaire de Québec, the Collège de Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière and at the Séminaire de Nicolet. He later studied law at Université Laval.
In 1864, he opened a lawyer's office in Lévis where he founded two newspapers: Le drapeau de Lévis and La Tribune de Levis. He exiled himself in Chicago where he wrote La voix d'un exilé. A number of plays which he wrote during that period were lost in the Great Chicago Fire.
Soon after he returned home in 1874, he was elected Member of Parliament in Ottawa. He served in the House of Commons of Canada from 1874 to 1878 as the Liberal Party of Canada member from Lévis.He was not re-elected in 1878. After that, he moved to Montreal where he began writing full-time, having inherited the wealth of his aunt when she died.
Canada Post issued a postage stamp in his honour on July 7, 1989.
In 1991, Louis Honoré Fréchette Public School, a french immersion, opened in Thornhill, Ontario.
- La voix d'un exilé (1866)
- La découverte du Mississippi (1873)
- Pêle-mêle (1877)
- La Légende d'un peuple (1877)
- Poésies choisies (1879)
- Les Fleurs boréales, les oiseaux de neige (1879)
- L'Iroquoise du lac Saint-Pierre (1861)
- Originaux et détraqués (1892), based on real life characters
- Les contes de Jos Violon
- Christmas in French Canada (1899)
- Le retour de l'exilé (1880)
- Papineau (1880)
- La retour de l'exilé (1880)
- Félix Poutré (1892)
- W. H. New, ed. Encyclopedia of Literature in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002: 395–97.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Louis-Honoré Fréchette.|
- Works by Louis-Honoré Fréchette at Project Gutenberg
- Works by Louis-Honoré Fréchette at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Works by or about Louis-Honoré Fréchette at Internet Archive
- "Louis-Honoré Fréchette". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
- Notice biographique de Louis Fréchette at L'Île (in French)
- Louis-Honoré Fréchette – Parliament of Canada biography
- Louis-Honoré Fréchette's entry in The Canadian Encyclopedia
|Professional and academic associations|
William Robinson Clark
| President of the Royal Society of Canada