Born in Saint-Thomas-de-Montmagny, Lower Canada, the son of Louis Casault and Françoise Blais, Casault studied at the Petit Séminaire de Québec before being ordained a Roman Catholic priest in 1831. In 1834, he started teaching at the Séminaire de Québec. He was assigned to teach physics which he taught until 1854. In 1851, he was appointed superior of the Séminaire de Québec. Casault helped to found the Université Laval and was its first rector from 1852 to 1860. He was succeeded by Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau.
- "Louis-Jacques Casault". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
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