Louis-Marie Baudouin

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Louis-Marie Baudouin
Louis M B.jpg
Venerable Louis-Marie Baudouin.
Born2 August 1765
Montaigu, Vendée, Kingdom of France
Died12 February 1835 (aged 69)
Chavagnes-en-Paillers, Kingdom of France
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church

Louis-Marie Baudouin (2 August 1765 - 12 February 1835) was a French Roman Catholic priest who was the founder of the Sons of Mary Immaculate and also the Ursulines of Jesus.

Pope Benedict XVI proclaimed him to be Venerable on 20 December 2012 after the recognition of his heroic virtue.[1]


Louis-Marie Baudouin was born on 2 August 1765 as the last of eight children.

He commenced his studies for the priesthood and was educated at the Seminary of Luçon in the Vendée. He was ordained as a Catholic priest at Saint-Malo on 19 September 1789.

In 1790 Baudouin refused to swear to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy of the new French government during the French Revolution. As a result of this opposition he went into exile to Spain on 9 September 1792 along with 234 other priests. He spent four years in Toledo. On 17 August 1797, Baudouin returned to France with his brother Pierre, and lived illegally for two years at Les Sables-d'Olonne.

In 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte allowed free exercise of worship following the end of the wars of the Vendée. He was appointed to the parish of la Jonchère on 31 July 1801 at Chavagnes-en-Paillers. In 1803 a seminary was established in Chavagnes - now a part of Chavagnes International College.

Baudouin would visit the sick in the night dressed in disguise. He was a driving force for Marian devotion and constant reception of the sacraments.[2]

In 1805 he undertook the beginning of a small society of the children of Mary. This became the twin congregations of the Sons of Mary Immaculate and the Ursulines of Jesus.

In 1812 the seminary of Chavagnes was transferred, on the orders of Napoleon, to La Rochelle. Baudouin moved to La Rochelle where he was appointed as the superior of the seminary and as the vicar general of the diocese.

In 1821 the diocese of Luçon was restored and Chavagnes once again became the major seminary; Baudouin was re-appointed as its rector as well as being vicar general of the diocese.

Baudouin - in 1829 - retired to Chavagnes-en-Paillers. He died there at the age of 69.[3]

Beatification cause[edit]

The cause of beatification commenced in France and spanned from 1864-5 which also bestowed upon him the title of Servant of God. Despite the fact that the cause commenced at this stage the formal introduction of the cause was on 7 September 1871 under Pope Pius IX. It continued on a local level and the two processes were ratified on 26 August 1911.

The Positio - the documentation on his life of heroic virtue - was sent to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints in 1996 for further evaluation. Pope Benedict XVI recognized his heroic virtue on 20 December 2012 and declared him to be Venerable.

A miracle alleged to have been of his intercession was also investigated and the process that investigated the miracle was validated on 2 April 2009. The medical board that works for the Congregation for the Causes of Saints approved the miracle on 21 March 2013.


  1. ^ http://www.vis.va/vissolr/index.php?vi=all&dl=2d866dc0-2e64-b27a-2a28-50d31052f023&dl_t=text/xml&dl_a=y&ul=1&ev=1 Archived 2015-02-19 at the Wayback Machine Decrees of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints dated 20 December 2012 at Vatican Information Service, consulted on 20 December 2012.
  2. ^ "Venerable Louis-Marie Baudouin". Santi e Beati. 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-19. Retrieved 2020-03-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]