Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport

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Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport
Moisant Field
Louis Armstrong Airport logo.png
Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport - Louisiana.jpg
IATA: MSYICAO: KMSYFAA LID: MSY
WMO: 72231
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of New Orleans
Operator New Orleans Aviation Board
Serves New Orleans, Louisiana
Location Kenner, Louisiana
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 4 ft / 1 m
Coordinates 29°59′36″N 090°15′29″W / 29.99333°N 90.25806°W / 29.99333; -90.25806Coordinates: 29°59′36″N 090°15′29″W / 29.99333°N 90.25806°W / 29.99333; -90.25806
Website flymsy.com
Map
KMSY is located in Louisiana
KMSY
KMSY
Location of airport in Louisiana
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
11/29 10,104 3,080 Asphalt/Concrete
2/20 7,001 2,134 Concrete
Statistics (2015)
Aircraft operations 127,753
Based aircraft 21
Passenger movement 10,673,301
Source: MSY[1] and FAA[2]

Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (IATA: MSYICAO: KMSYFAA LID: MSY) is an international airport in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States. It is owned by the city of New Orleans and is 11 miles west of downtown New Orleans.[3] The airport's address is 900 Airline Drive in Kenner, Louisiana. A small portion of Runway 11/29 is in unincorporated St. Charles Parish. Armstrong International is the primary commercial airport for the New Orleans metropolitan area and southeast Louisiana. The airport was formerly known as Moisant Field, and it is also known as Louis Armstrong International Airport and New Orleans International Airport.

Despite its status as an international airport, the majority of commercial flights offered are to domestic destinations within the United States. During the 1960s through the 1990s and prior to Hurricane Katrina, numerous international flights were available. The current international scheduled passenger service destinations are Toronto, Canada; Panama City, Panama; Cancun, Mexico; and Punta Cana, Dominican Republic. Flights from Frankfurt, Germany, will begin in May 2017.

At an average of 4.5 feet (1.4 m) above sea level, MSY is the 2nd lowest-lying international airport in the world, behind only Amsterdam's Schiphol International Airport in the Netherlands, which is 11 feet (3.4 m) below sea level. Prior to Hurricane Katrina, MSY served 9.7 million passengers per year, nearly all of them non-connecting. In 2015 it served 10,673,301 passengers, 9.1% more than 2014.[4]

Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport was once a major gateway for Latin American and Caribbean travel to and from the United States. That travel now mostly goes through other hubs operated by major legacy airlines such as the American Airlines hubs in Dallas/Ft. Worth (DFW) and Miami (MIA), the Delta Air Lines hub in Atlanta (ATL), and the United Airlines hub in Houston (IAH).

MSY opened after World War II, replacing the older New Orleans Lakefront Airport (which kept the NEW and KNEW airport codes and now serves general aviation) as the city's main airport. MSY was renamed in 2001 after Louis Armstrong, a famous jazz musician from New Orleans.

In January 2016, the airport began replacement of the current terminal by starting construction on a new terminal located on the north side of the airfield. The terminal is slated to have 30 gates (the current terminal rents out 22), which can be expanded to 42 gates in the future.

History[edit]

The airport in the 1960s

Plans for a new airport began in 1940, as evidence mounted that the older Shushan Airport (New Orleans Lakefront Airport) was too small.

The airport was originally named Moisant Field after daredevil aviator John Moisant, who died in 1910 in an airplane crash on agricultural land where the airport is now located. Its IATA code MSY was derived from Moisant Stock Yards, as Lakefront Airport retained the "NEW" code.[5] In World War II the land became a government air base. It returned to civil control after the war and commercial service began at Moisant Field in May 1946.

On September 19, 1947 the airport was shut down as it was submerged under two feet of water in the wake of the 1947 Hurricane's impact.

When commercial service began at Moisant Field in 1946, the terminal was a large, makeshift hangar-like building—a sharp contrast to airports in then-peer cities. A new terminal complex, designed by Goldstein Parham & Labouisse and Herbert A. Benson, George J. Riehl and built by J. A. Jones Company, debuted in 1959 towards the end of Mayor DeLesseps "Chep" Morrison's administration. The core of this structure forms much of the present-day facility.[6] Retired United States Air Force Major-General Junius Wallace Jones served as airport director in the 1950s. During his term, the airport received many improvements.

The April 1957 Official Airline Guide (OAG) listed 74 weekday departures: Delta Air Lines 26, Eastern Air Lines 25, National Airlines 11, Capital Airlines 5, Southern Airways 4, and Braniff International Airways 3. Pan American World Airways had six departures each week while TACA, a Central American airline, had four.

By the time the 1959 airport terminal building opened, the name Moisant International Airport was being used for the New Orleans facility. At some point in the next few decades, the name was changed to New Orleans International Airport. In July 2001, to honor the 100th anniversary of Louis Armstrong's birth (August 4, 1901), the airport's name became Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport.[7]

During the administration of Morrison's successor, Vic Schiro, the government sponsored studies of the feasibility of relocating New Orleans International Airport to a new site, contemporaneous with similar efforts that were ultimately successful in Houston (George Bush Intercontinental Airport) and Dallas (Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport). This attempt got as far as recommending a site in New Orleans East; a man-made island was to be created south of I-10 and north of U.S. Route 90 in a bay of Lake Pontchartrain. In the early 1970s it was decided that the current airport should be expanded instead, leading to the construction of a lengthened main terminal ticketing area, an airport access road linking the terminal to I-10, and the present-day Concourses A and B. New Orleans Mayor Sidney Barthelemy, in office from 1986 to 1994, later reintroduced the idea of building a new international airport for the city, with consideration given to other sites in New Orleans East, as well as on the Northshore in suburban St. Tammany Parish. Only a couple months before Hurricane Katrina's landfall, Mayor Ray Nagin again proposed a new airport for New Orleans, this time to the west in Montz, Louisiana. These initiatives met with the same fate as 1960s-era efforts concerning construction of a new airport for New Orleans.

Post–Hurricane Katrina capacity restoration[edit]

Armstrong Airport, June 2007

MSY reopened to commercial flights on September 13, 2005, with four flights operated by Delta Air Lines to Atlanta and a Northwest Airlines flight to Memphis. Slowly, service from other carriers began to resume, with limited service offered by Southwest Airlines, Continental Airlines, and American Airlines. Eventually, all carriers announced their return to MSY, with the exception of America West Airlines (which merged into US Airways two weeks later) and international carrier TACA. In early 2006, Continental Airlines (since merged into United Airlines) became the first airline to return to pre-Katrina flight frequency levels, and in September 2006, to pre-Katrina seat capacity levels.

All international service into MSY was suspended while the FIS facility was closed post-Katrina. The facility reopened to chartered flights arriving from London, Manchester, Bournemouth, and Nottingham, UK—all carrying tourists in for Mardi Gras and set to depart aboard a cruise liner.

In May 2010, AirTran announced new daily nonstop service to its hub in Milwaukee utilizing Boeing 717 twin jet aircraft, which then commenced on October 7, 2010.[8] This route marked MSY's first all-new city addition since 1998. AirTran was acquired by Southwest Airlines, which in turn began operating the route. In November 2010, United Airlines announced resumption of daily nonstop service to San Francisco, the largest pre-Katrina domestic market that had yet to resume service to New Orleans. On July 16, 2012, Spirit Airlines announced nonstop service from Dallas-Fort Worth to New Orleans, commencing in January 2013. Spirit became the first all-new domestic carrier, and second all-new carrier overall (after WestJet) to announce service to MSY, since 1998.

MSY served 9,785,394 passengers in 2014 exceeding the pre-Katrina total of 9,733,179 passengers in 2004, and also approaching the high of 9.9 million passengers who used the airfield in 2000.

Incentives to airlines[edit]

On November 21, 2006, the New Orleans Aviation Board approved an air service initiative to promote increased service to Armstrong International:

  • Airlines qualify for a $0.75 credit per seat toward terminal use charges for scheduled departing seats exceeding 85% of pre-Katrina capacity levels for a twelve-month period.
  • Airlines qualify for a waiver of landing fees for twelve months following the initiation of service to an airport not presently served from New Orleans.

On January 17, 2008, the city's aviation board voted on an amended incentive program that waives landing fees for the first two airlines to fly nonstop into a city not presently served from the airport. Under the new ruling, landing fees will be waived for up to two airlines flying into an "underserved destination airport." The incentive previously referred to service to a "new destination airport."

The airport is also continuing its incentive to airlines that reach 85% of their pre-Katrina flight frequencies.

International service[edit]

As of July 2016, Armstrong International has nonstop flights to Canada, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, and Panama. Vacation Express offers seasonal flights to Cancún, Punta Cana, Freeport operated by Aeroméxico, Swift Air, and Sunwing Airlines respectively. Air Canada Express has been providing flights from Toronto–Pearson since October 2010.[9] Delta Air Lines and United Airlines both began service from Cancún in May 2015.[10][11] The following month, Copa Airlines introduced nonstop service from Panama City.[12] In June 2016, Condor announced it would commence seasonal flights to Frankfurt, Germany, the following May.[13]

Terminals and concourses[edit]

The inside of MSY's Concourse C
West Terminal, completed in 1996

Louis Armstrong International has two terminals, East and West, connected by a central ticketing alley. Attached are four concourses, A, B, C, and D. The vaulted arrivals lounge at the head of Concourse C and the adjacent, western half of the ticketing alley are the remaining portions of the airport's 1959 terminal complex.

Concourse A[edit]

Concourse A opened in 1974 and has 6 Gates: A1, A3, A5, A6, A7, A8. Most recently home to now-defunct Northwest Airlines and US Airways, this concourse is closed until further notice.

Concourse B[edit]

Concourse B opened in 1974 and has 11 Gates: B1, B2, B4, B5, B7-B12, B15. Southwest Airlines (Gates B2, B4, B5, B7, B8, B9) and GLO Airlines (Gate B15) operate out of this concourse. Gate B1 space has been taken over by TSA for passenger screening, and the gate is no longer in use. Gates B10, B11, and B12 are currently vacant.

Concourse C[edit]

Except customs pre-cleared flights, all nonstop international arrivals are handled by Concourse C. This concourse also contains both common-use and overflow gates, available for infrequent services and charter flights as well.

Concourse C opened on March 18, 1992[14] and was remodeled in 2007, according to a design by Manning Architects, after being damaged in a tornado the previous February.[15]

Concourse C has 15 Gates: C1 – C12, C14 – C16. Allegiant Air (Gate C3), Copa Airlines (Gate C1), JetBlue Airways (Gate C5), Alaska Airlines (Gate C4), Delta Air Lines (Gate C2 for Seasonal International Arrival/Departure), Spirit Airlines (Gate C6/C4 for LAX), Frontier Airlines (Gate C7), American Airlines (Gates C8 - C12, C15 and C16), Vacation Express (Gates C1 and C2 for Seasonal International Arrival/Departure), and United Airlines (Gate C2 for Seasonal International Arrival/Departure) all operate out of this concourse.

Concourse D[edit]

The newest concourse, D, opened on December 23, 1996 and houses a Delta Air Lines Sky Club in between gates D2 and D4, the sole such airline club remaining at Armstrong.[16] Originally completed with only six gates, Concourse D received a six-gate rotunda addition, designed by Sizeler Thompson Brown,[17] and inaugurated in 2011. This rotunda includes gates D7-12[18]

Concourse D has 12 operating Gates: D1 – D12. Delta Air Lines (Gates D2, D4, D6, D8, D10, D12), United Airlines (Gates D1, D3, D5, D7, D9, D11), and Air Canada Express (Gate D7) operate from Concourse D.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Concourse
Air Canada Express Toronto–Pearson D
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma C
Allegiant Air Cincinnati, Jacksonville, Orlando/Sanford, Pittsburgh, St. Petersburg/Clearwater[19]
Seasonal: Columbus–Rickenbacker, Indianapolis, Tulsa
C
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, Philadelphia, Washington–National C
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Miami, Philadelphia, Washington–National C
Branson Air Express
operated by Buzz Airways
Seasonal: Branson C
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen C
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt (begins May 3, 2017)[13] C
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia
Seasonal: Cancún, Salt Lake City
C/D
Delta Connection Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Salt Lake City C/D
Frontier Airlines Denver, Orlando, Philadelphia C
GLO Airlines
operated by CFM
Little Rock, Memphis, Shreveport B
JetBlue Airways Boston, Fort Lauderdale (begins September 29, 2016),[20] New York–JFK C
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Dallas–Love, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Houston-Hobby, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Nashville, Oakland, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, San Antonio, San Diego, St. Louis, Tampa, Washington–National B
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Houston-Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Los Angeles C
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles (ends August 15, 2016),[21] Newark, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Cancún, San Francisco
C/D
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles C/D
Vacation Express
operated by Aeroméxico
Seasonal: Cancún C
Vacation Express
operated by Swift Air
Seasonal: Punta Cana C
Vacation Express
operated by Sunwing Airlines
Seasonal: Freeport/Grand Bahama (begins May 2017) C

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
DHL Express
operated by Ameriflight
Houston–Intercontinental
FedEx Express Fort Lauderdale, Memphis, Tampa
UPS Airlines Albany (GA), Louisville

Statistics[edit]

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at MSY, 2001 through 2015[22][23]

Year Passengers
2001 9,567,651
2002 9,251,773
2003 9,275,690
2004 9,733,179
2005 7,775,147
2006 6,218,419
2007 7,525,533
2008 7,967,997
2009 7,787,373
2010 8,203,305
2011 8,548,375
2012 8,600,989
2013 9,207,636
2014 9,785,394
2015 10,673,301

Top domestic destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from MSY (May 2015 – April 2016)[24]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, Georgia 746,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest
2 Houston–Intercontinental, Texas 376,000 Spirit, United
3 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 346,000 American, Spirit
4 Houston–Hobby, Texas 309,000 Southwest
5 Dallas–Love, Texas 283,000 Southwest
6 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 236,000 American, Spirit, United
7 Los Angeles, California 230,000 Delta, Southwest, United
8 Charlotte, North Carolina 226,000 American/US Airways
9 Denver, Colorado 220,000 Frontier, Southwest, United
10 New York–JFK, New York 174,000 Delta, JetBlue

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On November 16, 1959 National Airlines Flight 967, a Douglas DC-7 flying from Tampa to New Orleans crashed into the Gulf of Mexico.[25]
  • Eastern Air Lines Flight 304 operated with a Douglas DC-8 flying from New Orleans International Airport to Washington Dulles International Airport crashed on February 25, 1964 nine minutes after takeoff. All 51 passengers and 7 crew members were killed.
  • On March 20, 1969, Douglas DC-3 N142D, leased from Avion Airways for a private charter, crashed on landing, killing 16 of the 27 passengers and crew members on board. The aircraft was operating a domestic non-scheduled passenger flight from Memphis International Airport, Tennessee.[26]
  • On July 9, 1982, Pan Am Flight 759, en route from Miami to Las Vegas, departed New Orleans International. The Boeing 727-200 jetliner took off from the east–west runway (Runway 10/28) traveling east but never gained an altitude higher than 150 feet (46 m). The aircraft traveled 4,610 feet (1405 m) beyond the end of Runway 10, hitting trees along the way, until crashing into a residential neighborhood. A total of 153 people were killed (all 145 on board and 8 on the ground). The crash was, at the time, the second-deadliest civil aviation disaster in U.S. history. The National Transportation Safety Board determined the probable cause was the aircraft's encounter with a microburst-induced wind shear during the liftoff. This atmospheric condition created a downdraft and decreasing headwind forcing the plane downward. Modern wind shear detection equipment protecting flights from such conditions is now in place both onboard planes and at most commercial airports, including Armstrong International.
  • On May 24, 1988 TACA Flight 110 was forced to glide without power and make an emergency landing on top of a levee east of New Orleans International Airport after flame-out in both engines of the Boeing 737-300 in a severe thunderstorm. There were no casualties and the aircraft was subsequently repaired and returned to service.
  • On March 21, 2015, Sixty three year old Richard White walked into the airport armed with a machete and Molotov cocktails and began attacking TSA agents. He was subsequently shot and killed by a Jefferson Parish Sheriff's Deputy.

Hurricane Katrina[edit]

The airport was closed to commercial air traffic on August 28, 2005, shortly before Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans, and it remained closed as floods affected the city. The Associated Press reported on August 31 that MSY would receive humanitarian flights, and that the airport "has no significant airfield damage and had no standing water in aircraft movement areas", although the airport did, as the article put it, "[sustain] damage to its roofs, hangars and fencing."[27] In early September, the airport opened only to military aircraft and humanitarian flights, and served as a staging center for evacuees. The airport reopened to commercial flights on September 13, 2005.[28]

February 2006 tornado[edit]

At about 2:30 EST in the morning on February 2, 2006, a tornado touched down on the grounds of MSY. The damage from the tornado was significant but primarily confined to Concourse C, where American, United, AirTran Airways, and international arrivals were based. Many temporary repairs dating from Hurricane Katrina failed, including one roof patch, forcing airlines based in the concourse to relocate operations to vacant gates. Jetways and other ground equipment also sustained damage. The damage was confirmed by the National Weather Service as being caused by a tornado rated F1. As of late 2006, all of this had been repaired.

Ground transportation[edit]

Bus[edit]

Bus service between the airport and downtown New Orleans is provided by New Orleans Regional Transit Authority Airport Express Route 202 and Jefferson Transit bus E-2.[29]

Taxi[edit]

The airport also features taxicab services furnished by third-party operators that have fixed price schedules ($36 for first two passengers, $14 for each additional passenger) for rides to the city's Central Business District. All cabs serving the airport are required to accept credit cards for all services rendered. Uber service is a flat fare of $33.

Hotel shuttle[edit]

Airport Shuttle has services to most hotels and hostels in the Central Business District of New Orleans for $20 per person (one-way) and $38 per person (round-trip).[30]

Future plans[edit]

The New Orleans Aviation Board, along with the Mayor of New Orleans and City Council, recently[when?] approved a plan to build a brand new $807 million terminal building on the north side of the airport property. Hunt-Gibbs-Boh-Metro is listed as the contractor at-risk. Construction began January 2016. The terminal is scheduled to be finished in October 2018, five months behind the originally targeted completion date of May 2018, which would have been in time for New Orleans' 300th anniversary.

The new terminal will have two concourses, totaling 30 gates. There will be a centralized security checkpoint with all new shops and restaurants behind the security checkpoint. A new garage with 2,000 parking spaces is also planned, along with a new, privately funded airport hotel. Airlines flying out of MSY have also, at their expense, funded the construction of a $39 million fuel system.[31][32]

A new entrance to the airport will route to I-10 via Loyola Drive. The plans call for demolishing concourses A, B and C of the existing southside terminal complex, while repurposing concourse D for charter services and administrative offices. The airport currently has 34 gates but only uses 30 gates; the new terminal is designed for 30 gates, with an option to expand to 42.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ http://www.flymsy.com/press-room/Armstrong-International-Breaks-All-Time-Record-High-for-Total-Passengers-1?&Sort=.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ http://www.gcr1.com/5010WEB/REPORTS/AFD03052015MSY.pdf
  3. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for MSY (Form 5010 PDF), effective March 10, 2011.
  4. ^ [1] Airport Sets Passenger Record
  5. ^ Welcome to the Best of New Orleans! Blake Pontchartrain March 29, 2005
  6. ^ "Dedication Plaque of Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport – 2012". Airchive. 2CMedia. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Dedication Plaque of Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport – 2012". Airchive. 2CMedia. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  8. ^ "AirTran Airways – Press Release". Pressroom.airtran.com. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Air Canada adding service to New Orleans in ongoing expansion of transborder flying from Toronto hub". Quebec, Ontario, Louisiana: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Non-Stop Cancun Service to Increase in 2015" (Press release). New Orleans: Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport. October 28, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2016. 
  11. ^ "United Airlines Adding Cancun to New Orleans Schedule" (Press release). New Orleans: Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport. March 19, 2015. Retrieved June 8, 2016. 
  12. ^ Davis, Kelsey (June 25, 2015). "Copa Airlines begins service between New Orleans and Panama". WDSU. Retrieved June 8, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "Condor Adds New Orleans / San Diego Service in S17". Airline Route. June 8, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016. 
  14. ^ Chatelain, Kim (March 19, 1992). "Airport Concourse is Opened to Raves". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). 
  15. ^ "Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport Concourse C - Manning Architects". 
  16. ^ Grissett, Sheila (December 24, 1996). "Airport's Big D New Concourse Sleek, Modern and Best of All, Shorter". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). 
  17. ^ Travel – Sizeler Thompson Brown
  18. ^ Hammer, David (October 28, 2011). "New Orleans Airport Opens Concourse D Expansion". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans). Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  19. ^ "Allegiant to add Baltimore/Washington with new routes". Flightglobal.com. 
  20. ^ http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20160309005909/en/JetBlue-Announces-Major-Expansion-Fort-Lauderdale-Hollywood-Plans
  21. ^ "UNITED Ends Los Angeles - New Orleans Flights in August 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  22. ^ "Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport - Airport Data & Statistics". 
  23. ^ "Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport". 
  24. ^ "New Orleans, LA: Louis Armstrong New Orleans International (MSY)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  25. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-7B N4891C Gulf of Mexico." Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on December 23, 2009.
  26. ^ "N142D Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved February 9, 2011. 
  27. ^ "AP New Orleans News Online Breaking News & Headlines from Associated Press". nola.com. November 1, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  28. ^ Nossiter, Adam (September 13, 2005). "News > Nation > Hurricane Katrina – New Orleans airport reopens". SignOnSanDiego.com. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Jefferson Transport Bus Routes". Jefferson Parish Transport. Retrieved April 26, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport – Ground Transportation". Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport. Retrieved August 24, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Bond Commission approves borrowing for New Orleans airport makeover". 
  32. ^ "New Orleans airport's new $807 million terminal to begin construction Jan. 4". NOLA.com. 

External links[edit]