Louis Mortimer Bloomfield
August 8, 1906
Westmount, Quebec, Canada
|Died||July 19, 1984 (aged 77)|
|Alma mater||McGill University|
University of Montreal
|Board member of||Permindex|
|Spouse||Justine Adelaide Stern|
Louis Mortimer Bloomfield (August 8, 1906 – July 19, 1984), KStJ, QC, PhD, LLD, DCL, was a Canadian lawyer, businessman, and soldier. Bloomfield was recognized as a leader of the Canadian Jewish community. Proponents of some John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories have alleged he was tied to the shooting through the Office of Strategic Services, the Central Intelligence Agency, and Permindex.
Early life and family
Bloomfield was born August 8, 1906 Westmount, Quebec near Montreal, a city in which his Jewish family had roots since the early nineteenth century. He had a brother, Bernard, and three sisters, Dorothy, Florence, and Myrtle.
On February 16, 1969, he married Justine Adelaide Stern.
Bloomfield earned a Bachelor of Arts from McGill University in 1927 and a Master of Laws from the University of Montreal in 1930. He also received a Doctor of Laws from St. Francis Xavier University in 1964 and a Doctor of Civil Law from St. Thomas University in 1973.
Bloomfield was admitted to the Bar of Quebec in 1930 and practised international law with Phillips, Bloomfield, Vineberg, and Goodman from 1930 to 1970. Bloomfield assisted King Carol II of Romania in his attempt to gain entry into Canada after World War II, and was an executor of the Lady Davis estate. He was appointed a King's Counsel in 1948 and was elected to serve on the Mixed Court of Tangier (Tribunal Mixte Tangier) within the international zone of Tangier in 1949. In 1952, Bloomfield co-founded the Canadian branch of the International Law Association with Maxwell Cohen, Gerald F. FitzGerald, and Nicolas Mateesco-Matte. He served as that organization's president from 1964 to 1978, and was an honorary president from 1974 until his death in 1984. From 1968 to 1972, he was a council member of the American Society of International Law.
In the field of international law, Bloomfield was the author of many articles and reviews including contributions to the Canadian Bar Review, the Canadian Yearbook of International Law, and the American Journal of International Law. He was also the author of four books: The British Honduras-Guatemala Dispute (1953); Egypt, Israel and the Gulf of Aqaba in International Law (1967); Gründung und Aufbau kanadischer Aktiengesellschaften (1960); and La Convention de Varsovie dans une Optique Canadienne (1976).
Bloomfield served as president of Heineken's Breweries of Canada. He was also named as a major shareholder in the Swiss company Permindex, a company alleged by advocates of some John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories to be a front organization for the Central Intelligence Agency.
Bloomfield was active in public service and described as "a pillar of a number of Montreal charities". He was president of the Quebec Council of St. John Ambulance, life governor for Montreal Children's Hospital and the Hôpital Ste Jeanne d'Arc, and vice-president and director of the Reddy Memorial Hospital in Westmount for fifty years. Bloomfiled was a co-founder and vice-president of World Wild Life Fund Canada, an executive member of the National Capital Commission from 1963 to 1976, and governor of the Loyola College Development Board. He served as a member of the Board of Governors of the America Israel Cultural Foundation, the Hebrew University, the Weizmann Institute of Science and the Technion Israel Institute of Technology. Bloomfield was also an Honorary Consul General for the Republic of Liberia from 1962 until his death.
Bloomfield was the Montreal Chairman of the Israel Histadrut Campaign. In 1967 was reported to have been active in the Histadrut, Israel's organization of trade unions, for over twenty years. According to The Canadian Jewish Chronicle, Bloomfield and his brother Bernard "played a decisive part in making the Histadrut one of the most respected and influential organizations" in Canada.
Bloomfield was vice-president of the Eldee Foundation, a charitable foundation whose objective was "to contribute to and assist charitable organizations and institutions in Canada maintained for the benefit of person's of Jewish faith." Originally known as the Canada-Histadrut Foundation, it was established in 1961 by Henriette, Lady Davis, the divorced first wife of Sir Mortimer Davis. Lady Davis had enlisted the services of Bloomfield to negotiate the final settlement of her divorce trust with her ex-husband's estate. She contributed a large portion of the Eldee Foundation's initial capital of $30 million, and Bloomfield, his brother Bernard, and Abrham Shurem became directors of the foundation.
In 1971, it was reported to be one of the fifteen largest charitable foundations in Canada. According to The Financial Post, the market value of its assets were valued at $43.4 million in 1967 and $22 million in 1978. In 1972, Bloomfield and his brother established through the Eldee Foundation a named chair at the Weizmann Institute of Science, The Lady Davis Professorial Chair of Experimental Physics.
Bloomfield was awarded numerous honors throughout his life. In 1967, he received the Histadrut Humanitarian Award at a dinner in his honor; Davie Fulton, a candidate in the 1967 Progressive Conservative leadership election, was among the guests and referred to Bloomfield as his "dear friend". He received the Knight of Justice of St. John, the Canadian Centennial Medal, and the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal in 1977. Bloomfield also received honorary degrees from the Hebrew University in 1973 (Doctor of Philosophy) and Bar-Ilan University (doctorate) in July 1984, and was recognized as an honorary citizen in Tel Aviv and Winnipeg.
The Bloomfield Centre at St. Francis Xavier University, the Bloomfield Library for the Humanities and Social Sciences at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and Bloomfield Stadium in the Tel Aviv are named after Bloomfield and his brother, Bernard.
JFK assassination allegations
Proponents of some John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories have alleged the Bloomfield was linked to the shooting through the Office of Strategic Services, the Central Intelligence Agency, and Permindex.
On March 4, 1967, the Italian left-wing newspaper Paese Sera published a story alleging that Clay Shaw, who was arrested and charged with conspiring to assassinate President John F. Kennedy by New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison three days earlier, was linked to the CIA through his involvement in the Centro Mondiale Commerciale, a subsidiary of Permindex in which Shaw was a board member. According to Paese Sera, the CMC had been a front organization developed by the CIA for transferring funds to Italy for "illegal political-espionage activities" and had attempted to depose French President Charles de Gaulle in the early 1960s. On March 6, the newspaper printed other allegations about individuals it said were connected to Permindex, including Bloomfield whom it described as "an American agent who now plays the role of a businessman from Canada (who) established secret ties in Rome with Deputies of the Christian Democrats and neo-Fascist parties."
According to Max Holland, an internal investigation by the CIA's counterintelligence staff found that the substance of Paese Sera's allegations were not true and that neither Permindex or Centro Mondiale Commerciale were a front to channel funds to anti-communists.
Donation of personal documents
Prior to his death, Bloomfield donated to the Library and Archives Canada 31 boxes of documents related to some of his notable clients and charity work, as well as correspondence with prominent politicians, including United States President George H. W. Bush. His donation came with the condition that the documents would not be made public until twenty years after his death. In 2004, Maurice Philipps, a JFK assassination conspiracy author, requested access to the Bloomfield Collection, but was told that Bloomfield's widow had extended the restriction on accessing the documents until 25 years after her death. Philipps challenged the decision, and a 2006 Federal Court ruling found that the Library and Archives Canada could not extend the restriction to access the documents past the original deadline set by Bloomfield himself.
According to Bloomfield's nephew, Harry Bloomfield, the restriction of access was contributing to unfounded conspiracy theories allegations that tied his uncle to the assassination of Kennedy. Philipps stated that he believed the documents in the collection did not implicate Bloomfield but that they might contain information related to the assassination.
- "Louis M. Bloomfield fonds [textual record, graphic material]". Archives Canada. Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Council of Archives. Archived from the original on April 7, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Bourne, Charles B. (1989). "Foreword". In David Dunkley (ed.). A Consolidated Index to the Canadian Yearbook of International Law. Vancouver, British Columbia: University of British Columbia Press. ISBN 9780774844734. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- McWhinney, Edward (1993). "Anglophone Quebec and the Quiet Revolution: Maxwell Cohen at McGill University". In Kaplan, William; McRae, Donald (eds.). Law, Policy, and International Justice: Essays in Honour of Maxwell Cohen. McGill-Queens University Press. p. 432. ISBN 9780773511149. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Thompson, Elizabeth (January 27, 2007). "Dispute over releasing archives keeps lid on potential link to JFK's death: Does the key to former U.S. President John F. Kennedy's assassination lie buried in Canada's national archives?". Canada.com. CanWest MediaWorks Publications Inc. Archived from the original on January 3, 2013. Retrieved February 9, 2013.
- "Who's Who in Israel and in the Work for Israel Abroad". Who's Who in Israel. Tel Aviv: Bronfman & Cohen Publications: 71. 1973. ISSN 0083-9590. OCLC 03298915.
- "Maj. L.M. Bloomfield died in Jerusalem". The Gazette. Montreal. July 21, 1984. p. G-5. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Macdonald, Ronald St. John (1996). "Charles B. Bourne: Scholar, Teacher, and. Editor, Innovator in the Development of the. International Law of Water Resources". In Don M. McRae (ed.). Canadian Yearbook of International Law. Vancouver, British Columbia: University of British Columbia Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780774806206. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- "Louis Bloomfield Honored; Becomes Member of Order". The Canadian Jewish Chronicle. July 16, 1965. p. 8. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- "Louis M. Bloomfield". The Canadian Jewish Chronicle. April 14, 1967. pp. 1, 4. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- Pruszynski, Stas (April 12, 1967). "Bloomfield Gets Histadrut Award". The Gazette. Montreal. p. 5. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- Arlett, Allan (May 8, 1971). "Where the money is: Who's who in Canada's philanthropic organizations". The Financial Post. p. 11. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- Hutchison, Robert; Mathias, Philip (March 22, 1975). "Bank failure traps Canadian charity". The Financial Post. pp. 1, 8. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- Arlett, Allan (November 25, 1978). "Two opt out of new regulations". The Financial Post. p. 38. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- Weizmann Institute of Science. "Weizmann Professorial Chairs, Career Development Chairs and Fellowships". weizmann.ac.il. Rehovot, Israel: Weizmann Institute of Science. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- "Bloomfield Centre". stfx.ca. St. Francis Xavier University. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
- "The Bloomfield Family's Lasting Impact on the Hebrew University". Connecting: The National Newsletter of Canadian Friends of The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Vol. 14, no. I. Toronto: Canadian Friends of The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Fall 2015. p. 5. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
- Holland, Max (2001). "The Lie That Linked CIA to the Kennedy Assassination". Studies in Intelligence. Washington, D.C.: Central Intelligence Agency: Center for the Study of Intelligence (Fall-Winter 2001, 11). Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- Dorril, Steve (1983). "PERMINDEX: The International Trade in Disinformation" (PDF). Lobster (2). Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Philipps v. Canada (Librarian and Archivist), 2006 FC 1378, [2007 4 F.C.R. 11] (Federal Court November 14, 2006).