Louis Bols

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Sir Louis Jean Bols
Born 23 November 1867
Cape Town, South Africa
Died 13 September 1930 (aged 62)
Allegiance  United Kingdom/British Empire
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1887–1920
Rank Lieutenant General
Unit Devonshire Regiment
Commands held 24th Division
Battles/wars Chitral Expedition
Second Boer War
World War I
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in despatches (6)
Relations Eric Bols (son)

Lieutenant General Sir Louis Jean Bols KCB KCMG DSO (23 November 1867 – 13 September 1930, Bath) was a distinguished British military officer who served as Edmund Allenby's Third Army Chief of Staff on the Western front and Sinai and Palestine campaigns of World War I.

Bols was born in Cape Town and educated at Lancing College in England.

Early military career[edit]

He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Devonshire Regiment on 5 February 1887, and was promoted to lieutenant on 22 September 1889. In 1891-92 he served in Burma, including operations in the Kachin Hills, and received the operational medal with clasp. In 1895 he served with the Chitral Relief Force under Sir Robert Low as adjutant and quartermaster at the British Military Depot. Promotion to captain followed on 18 January 1897, and he served as adjutant of the 2nd Battalion of his regiment from 17 February 1899.

Following the outbreak of the Second Boer War in late 1899, his battalion was sent to South Africa, where he served as adjutant of the battalion throughout the war. He was present at the battles of Colenso (15 December 1899), Vaal Krantz (5–7 February 1900), Tugela Heights and Pieter´s Hill (14–27 February 1900) and the Relief of Ladysmith (1 March 1900), and later in operations in the Transvaal and Orange River Colony.[1] For his services in the war, he was twice mentioned in despatches, received the Queen's South Africa Medal and was appointed a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO). After peace was declared in May 1902, Bols left South Africa on board the SS Bavarian and arrived in the United Kingdom the following month.[2]

First World War and Palestine[edit]

He commanded the Dorsetshire Regiment in the First World War.

From June 1919 – June 1920 he served as the Chief Administrator of Palestine, and signed over power to Herbert Samuel, the first British High Commissioner of Palestine, in an often-quoted document:

"Received from Major-General Sir Louis J. Bols K.C.B.—One Palestine, complete."[3]

Later life[edit]

In 1921 he was made Colonel of the Devonshire Regiment. From 1927 to his death he was Governor of Bermuda.

He died in 1930 in a Bath nursing home. He had married Augusta Blanche Strickland; their son was Major-General Eric Louis Bols,



  1. ^ Hart´s Army list, 1903
  2. ^ "The Army in South Africa - the Coronation contingent". The Times (36791). London. 11 June 1902. p. 14. 
  3. ^ Owen, C. V. (2004). "Bols, Sir Louis Jean (1867–1930)," Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Online edition accessed 20 August 2007.
  4. ^ "(Supplement) no. 32201". The London Gazette. 18 January 1921. p. 572. Retrieved 2 September 2008. 


External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
J E Capper
General Officer Commanding the 24th Division
May 1917 – September 1917
Succeeded by
Arthur Daly
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Wigram Money
Chief Administrator of Palestine
Succeeded by
Sir Herbert Samuel
As High Commissioner of Palestine
Preceded by
Sir Joseph John Asser
Governor of Bermuda
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Astley Cubitt