Louis Claude Richard

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Louis Claude Marie Richard (19 September 1754 – 6 June 1821) was a French botanist and botanical illustrator.

Plate from Annales du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 1811
Stylidium laricifolium

Richard was born at Versailles. Between 1781 and 1789 he collected botanical specimens in Central America and the West Indies. On his return he became a professor at the École de médecine in Paris.

His books included Demonstrations botaniques (1808), De Orchideis europaeis (1817), Commentatio botanica de Conifereis et Cycadeis (1826) and De Musaceis commentatio botanica (1831).

He gave us the special description terminology for the orchids, such as pollinium and gynostemium.

The genus Richardia Kunth, (Araceae) was named in his honor. It is now a synonym of the genus Zantedeschia . This botanist is denoted by the author abbreviation Rich. when citing a botanical name.[1]

His son was another notable botanist, Achille Richard.

He also discovered Morgat in the 1880s.


A species of Caribbean lizard, Anolis richardii, is named in honor of Louis Claude Richard. A species of Caribbean snake, Typhlops richardii, is named in honor of either Louis Claude Richard or his son Achille Richard.[2]


Other botanists called Richard are:


  1. ^ Brummitt, R. K.; C. E. Powell (1992). Authors of Plant Names. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-085-4.
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Richard, A. and L.C.M.", p. 220).

Further reading[edit]

  • Urban, Ignaz. Notae biographicae, Symb. Antill. 3:111,1900.