Louis Dupree (professor)
Professor Louis Dupree (August 23, 1925 – March 21, 1989) was an American archaeologist, anthropologist, and scholar of Afghan culture and history. He was the husband of Nancy Hatch Dupree, who is the Board Director of the Afghanistan Center at Kabul University in Afghanistan and author of five books about Afghanistan. The husband and wife team from the United States worked together for 15 years in Kabul, collecting as many works written about Afghanistan as they could. They travelled across the country from 1962 until the April 1978 Saur Revolution, conducting archaeological excavations.
Early life and careers
Dupree was born on August 23, 1925, in Greenville, North Carolina. He had served in World War II (1939–1945), where he joined the United States Merchant Marine and was stationed in the Philippines. At the end of the war he decided to transfer to the 11th Airborne Division of the United States Army. When World War II ended, he began Asian archeology and ethnology studies at Harvard University. After receiving his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees, he planned to re-visit the Philippines for research purposes but was rejected by its government, instead he was invited to join an archeological survey in Afghanistan in 1949. This led to his lifelong interest in southwestern Asia, from 1959 and 1983.
Dupree has taught at the following universities:
- Air University at Maxwell Air Force Base
- Pennsylvania State University (Penn State)
- Princeton University in New Jersey
- United States Military Academy at West Point, New York
- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
- Duke University in Durham, North Carolina
During his career, Dupree also served as adviser to several governments, including those of West Germany, France, Denmark, Sweden, and Great Britain. He consulted with the United States Department of State and the United Nations. As an affiliate of the American Universities Field Staff (AUFS), he was their expert on Afghanistan and Pakistan.
He and his wife were often seen driving in a four-wheel-drive Land Rover truck in Afghan cities, usually without body guards or police assistance. After the April 1978 Saur Revolution in Afghanistan, Dupree was arrested and deported from the country. He moved back to the United States but often visited neighboring Pakistan to monitor the Soviet war in Afghanistan. He has worked with the mujahideen forces who were fighting the Soviet-backed government of Afghanistan. He spent time in Peshawar, Pakistan, along with his wife, assisting Afghan refugees. He had previously stayed in Pakistan as a Fulbright Scholar and as an advisor on Afghan affairs to the US ambassador in Pakistan.
Dupree died on March 21, 1989, in Durham, North Carolina, just a month after the last Soviet troops withdrew from Afghanistan.
- Afghanistan (1973)
- An Historical Guide to Afghanistan (1972)
- An Historical Guide to Kabul
- A Guide to the National Museum
- Edwards, David B. (December 15, 1996). "DUPREE, LOUIS". Encyclopædia Iranica Online Version. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
- Grandmother of Afghanistan’ Nancy Hatch Dupree says it may be time to move on
- Louis Dupree, 1925–1989
- Professor Louis Duprée
- Museum Under Siege: Full Text by Nancy Hatch Duprée
- ABLE in Afghanistan
- Embassy of Afghanistan Hosts Benefit for Afghanistan Center
- A Chronicler of Afghan Culture, Now Its Loyal Guard
- Preserving Afghanistan's Cultural Heritage: An Interview with Nancy Hatch Duprée
- Nancy Dupree's love affair with Kabul
- Groundbreaking ceremony for new library at Kabul University: 25 July 2009