Louis Faurer

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Louis Faurer
Faurer by Lafferty.jpg
Faurer, Hartsdale, 1971
Born (1916-08-28)August 28, 1916
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died March 2, 2001(2001-03-02) (aged 84)
New York City
Nationality American
Known for Photography

Louis Faurer (August 28, 1916 – March 2, 2001) was an American candid or street photographer. He was a quiet artist who never achieved the broad public recognition that his best-known contemporaries did; however, the significance and caliber of his work were lauded by insiders, among them Robert Frank, William Eggleston, and Edward Steichen, who included his work in the Museum of Modern Art exhibitions In and Out of Focus (1948)[1] and The Family of Man (1955).[2]

Life and career[edit]

Growing up in Philadelphia, Faurer showed an early aptitude for illustration.[3] He bought his first camera in 1937 from the photographer Ben Somoroff. After a couple of jobs as a photographic technician, Faurer made his way to Manhattan and into the world of fashion photography. He quickly made contacts that stood him in good stead: Robert Frank, with whom he shared a darkroom/studio[3] and fast friendship, and Walker Evans, whom he'd long admired, who introduced him to Alexander Liberman at Vogue.

Faurer did fashion photography for Vogue,[3] Junior Bazaar,[3] Harper's Bazaar,[3] Mademoiselle,[3] Elle,[3] and Glamour, as well as assignments for Life[4] and Look for more than twenty years. He complained that his work at Life involved too much travel, so he quit in the early 1950s. Most of the prints and negatives of his fashion work have probably been discarded, as Faurer stored them with a friend when he left the country in the late 1960s, then failed to reclaim them.

It is Faurer’s personal work from the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s for which he is best remembered. He photographed the streets of New York City[3] and Philadelphia,[5] capturing the restless energy of urban life. His photographs show the great variety of the city's human face. As Robert Frank said in 1994:

Faurer ... proves to be an extraordinary artist. His eye is on the pulse [of New York City] - the lonely "Times-Square people" for whom Faurer felt a deep sympathy. Every photograph is witness to the compassion and obsession accompanying his life like a shadow. I am happy that these images survive while the world keeps changing.[6]

Faurer experimented with blur, grain, double exposures, sandwiched negatives, reflections, slow film speeds, and low lighting. As exacting in the darkroom as he was in the field, he was notorious for being a tireless perfectionist when it came to cropping and printing his work.

In the mid- and late 1960s Faurer experimented with hand-held 16 mm film, using Arriflex and Beaulieu movie cameras, filming in the streets of Manhattan, extending his still camera style into a cinematic medium.

Between 1969 and 1974 he lived and worked abroad, mostly in Paris. From the mid-1970s to the mid-1980s, Faurer taught at numerous art schools and universities, including the Parsons School of Design in New York City,[3] Yale University,[3] the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, The New School for Social Research[7] and Stockton State College.[8] in New Jersey

In 1984, while running to catch a New York city bus, Faurer was struck by a car and seriously injured. He never photographed again.

Faurer spoke of his “intense desire to record life as I see it” as his only motivation: “As long as I’m amazed and astonished, as long as I feel that events, messages, expressions and movements are all shot through with the miraculous, I’ll feel filled with the certainty I need to keep going.”[9]

The late Walter Hopps, who was curator of American art at the Corcoran Gallery of Art and the Smithsonian's National Collection of Fine Arts, commented on Faurer's work:

I am in awe of the high point he can reach in a photograph such as Family, Times Square, at the center of New York in the center of our century. Perhaps no other American image stands comparison with Picasso’s Family of Saltimbanques, on their imagined European plane in 1905….Faurer stands and lives as a master of his medium.[10]

Publications[edit]

Individual exhibitions[edit]

  • Limelight, New York City, 1959. Faurer's first solo exhibition.[11]
  • Marlborough Gallery, New York City, 1977. Faurer's second solo exhibition.[12]
  • The Art Gallery at the University of Maryland, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 1981.[13]
  • ZFF (Zentrum für Fotographie), Berlin, February 7 – March 27 1998. Faurer's work from Philadelphia and New York under the direction of Henner Merle and photographer Hendrik Rauch.[14]
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, January 2002; and traveled to the Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA, May 4 - July 28, 2002; Museum of Photographic Arts, San Diego, CA, August 11 - October 20, 2002; Art Institute of Chicago, November 9, 2002 - January 26, 2003; Philadelphia Museum of Art, June 14 - Septemper 7, 2003.[15]
  • Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson, Paris, September 9 – December 18, 2016; Centro José Guerrero, Granada, April 6 – June 25, 2017.[16] An extensive selection of photographs by Faurer, spearheaded by the Greenberg Gallery (New York City), which has many of Faurer's prints, and with the contributions of the artist's son.[17] In 2016, Steidl and the Fondation published a book documenting the exhibition in French and English.[18]
  • Louis Faurer: New York Photographs, Weinstein Gallery, Minneapolis, February 10 - March 25, 2017.[19]
  • Louis Faurer, In Camera, Paris, October 5 - December 2, 2017.[20]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.moma.org/calendar/exhibitions/2396
  2. ^ https://www.moma.org/calendar/exhibitions/2429; "Louis Faurer: Un amour nommé New York | PM". PM (in French). 2016-11-13. Retrieved 2016-11-13. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Cars and girls: Louis Faurer's New York moments – in pictures". London: The Guardian. 13 October 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2017. 
  4. ^ Archive of Life magazine photographs by Faurer, Google Arts and Culture (Google Cultural Institute); Life, April 26, 1954, p. 120: photo (bottom) of Grace Kelly.
  5. ^ Margaret Loke, "Louis Faurer, photographer who captured compelling images of the street, dies at 84", The New York Times, 12 March 2001.
  6. ^ Letter from Robert Frank in Deja-vu: a Photography Quarterly (Tokyo) 16 (spring 1994), p. 54.
  7. ^ http://prabook.com/web/person-view.html?profileId=768069
  8. ^ Amanda Brown, "Louis Faurer"; in Lynne Warren, ed., Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century Photography (New York: Routledge, 2006; ISBN 9781579583934), vol. 1, pp. 494–496.
  9. ^ https://aperture.org/blog/louis-faurer-postwar-new-york/
  10. ^ Louis Faurer: Photographs from Philadelphia and New York, 1937-1973. Edited by Edith A. Tonelli and John Gossage. University of Maryland Art Gallery, 1981. P. 12.
  11. ^ http://www.mocp.org/detail.php?t=objects&type=browse&f=maker&s=Faurer%2C+Louis&record=7
  12. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/12/arts/louis-faurer-photographer-who-captured-compelling-images-street-dies-84.html
  13. ^ There is a photograph by Gayle Rothschild of Faurer and Gossage at this exhibition: "Gayle Rothschild, John Gossage and Louis Faurer, University of Maryland", The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston.
  14. ^ http://ende.blouinartinfo.com/news/story/1462280/fashion-and-street-photography-by-louis-faurer-on-view-in
  15. ^ http://prv.mfah.org/archives/search.asp?par1=3&showid=1993&extitle=Faurer&exartist=Faurer&syear=2002&eyear=&cPg=1
  16. ^ http://www.centroguerrero.es/notasdeprensa/louis-faurer/
  17. ^ https://www.ephotozine.com/exhibition/louis-faurer---fondacion-henri-cartier-bresson-4489, http://parissocialdiary.fr/art/honoring-louis-faurer/
  18. ^ https://steidl.de/Books/Louis-Faurer-1218192036.html
  19. ^ http://weinstein-gallery.com/exhibits.php?eid=65
  20. ^ http://www.incamera.fr/spip.php?page=rubrique&id_rubrique=6
  21. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/30/magazine/the-lives-they-lived-gallery-louis-faurer-b-1916-friends-through-the-lens.html
  22. ^ "Louis Faurer". John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Hostetler, Lisa. Street Seen: The Psychological Gesture in American Photography, 1940-1959. New York and London: Prestel Publishing, 2010.
  • Livingston, Jane. The New York School: Photographs, 1936-1963. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1992.

External links[edit]