Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia

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Prince Louis Ferdinand
Prince of Prussia
Louis ferdinand c1930.jpg
Prince Louis Ferdinand in about 1930
Head of the House of Hohenzollern
Period 20 July 1951 – 26 September 1994
Predecessor Crown Prince Wilhelm
Successor Prince Georg Friedrich
Born (1907-11-09)9 November 1907
Marble Palace, Potsdam, German Empire
Died 26 September 1994(1994-09-26) (aged 86)
Bremen, Germany
Burial 1 October 1994
Hohenzollern Castle, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany
Spouse Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia
Issue Prince Friedrich Wilhelm
Prince Michael
Princess Marie Cécile
Princess Kira
Prince Louis Ferdinand
Prince Christian-Sigismund
Princess Xenia
Full name
Louis Ferdinand Victor Edward Albert Michael Hubert
House Hohenzollern
Father Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany
Mother Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Louis Ferdinand Victor Edward Albert Michael Hubert, Prince of Prussia (German: Louis Ferdinand Viktor Eduard Albert Michael Hubertus Prinz von Preußen; 9 November 1907 – 26 September 1994) was a member of the royal House of Hohenzollern and pretender to the abolished German throne. He was also noteworthy as a staunch opponent of the Nazi Party, a businessman, and a patron of the arts.


Louis Ferdinand was born in Potsdam as the third in succession to the throne of the German Empire, after his father, German Crown Prince William and elder brother Prince Wilhelm of Prussia. The monarchy was abolished after Germany's revolution in 1918. When Louis Ferdinand's older brother Prince Wilhelm renounced his succession rights to marry a non-royal from the lesser nobility in 1933 (he was later to be killed in action in France in 1940 fighting in the German army), Louis Ferdinand took his place as the second in the line of succession to the German throne after the Crown Prince.

Louis Ferdinand was educated in Berlin and deviated from his family's tradition by not pursuing a military career. Instead, he travelled extensively and settled for some time in Detroit, where he befriended Henry Ford and became acquainted with Franklin Delano Roosevelt, among others. He held a great interest in engineering. Recalled from the United States upon his brother's renunciation of the throne, he got involved in the German aviation industry, but was barred by Hitler from taking any active part in German military activities.

Louis Ferdinand dissociated himself from the Nazis after this. He was not involved in the 20 July Plot against Hitler in 1944 but was interrogated by the Gestapo immediately afterwards and was imprisoned at Dachau.[1]

Louis Ferdinand of Prussia and Kira Romanova (1938)

He married the Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia in 1938 in first a Russian Orthodox ceremony in Potsdam and then a Lutheran ceremony in Huis Doorn, Netherlands. Kira was the second daughter of Grand Duke Kyril Vladimirovich and Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. The couple had four sons and three daughters. His two eldest sons both renounced their succession rights in order to marry commoners. His third son, and heir-apparent, Prince Louis Ferdinand died in 1977 during military maneuvers, and thus his one-year-old grandson Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia (son of Prince Louis Ferdinand) became the new heir-apparent to the Prussian and German Imperial throne; Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia became the pretender to the thrones and Head of the Hohenzollern family upon Louis Ferdinand's death in 1994. After the reunification of Germany, Louis Ferdinand arranged to have the remains of several Hohenzollern members reinterred at the imperial vault in Potsdam.

Prince Ferdinand of Hohenzollern, a member of the senior Swabian branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, is his godson.

Louis Ferdinand was on friendly terms with the Pulitzer Prize winning American journalist Louis P. Lochner.[citation needed]


  • Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia (9 February 1939 - 29 September 2015), married firstly Waltraud Freydag (14 April 1940 - 2010) on 22 August 1967 in Plön, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany; secondly Ehrengard von Reden (born 7 June 1943) on 23 April 1976; thirdly Sibylle Kretschmer (born 23 March 1952) on 23 March 2004. He renounced his succession rights on 18 September 1967. His son Philip is from his first marriage, and his other children from his second.
    • Prince Philip Kirill of Prussia (23 April 1968); married Anna Christine Soltau (born 2 April 1968) on 28 June 1994, and they have six children:
      • Prince Paul Wilhelm Philipp Friedrich Alois Johannes Mose of Prussia (10 April 1995)
      • Princess Maria Luise Anna Philippa Helene Julie Margarethe Elisabeth of Prussia (12 March 1997)
      • Princess Elisabeth Christine Philine Cécilie Annegret Salome Maria of Prussia (16 December 1998)
      • Princess Anna Sophie Phila Wilhelmine Amelie Elisabeth Maria of Prussia (26 March 2001)
      • Princess Johanna Amalie Kira Philippa Rose Elisabeth Maria of Prussia (19 September 2002)
      • Prince Timotheus Friedrich of Prussia (9 June 2005)
    • Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Ferdinand Kirill of Prussia (16 August 1979); married Baroness Anna Catharina von Salza (born 17 August 1981) on 30 April 2009, they have one child:
      • Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia (born 2012)
    • Princess Viktoria-Luise Kira Ehrengard of Prussia (2 May 1982) married Hereditary Prince Ferdinand of Leiningen (son of Andreas, Prince of Leiningen) on 29 April 2017 (civil wedding) and later on 16 September 2017 (religious).
    • Prince Joachim Albrecht Bernhard Christian Ernst (26 June 1984)
  • Prince Michael of Prussia (22 March 1940 – 3 April 2014); married firstly Jutta Jörn (born 27 January 1943) on 23 September 1966 in Kaiserwerth, Düsseldorf, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, who bore him two children. He married secondly Brigitte von Dallwitz (born 17 September 1939 - 14 October 2016) on 23 June 1982, without issue. He renounced his succession rights on 29 August 1966.
    • Michaela Prinzessin von Preußen (born 5 March 1967), married Jürgen Wessolly (born 2 February 1961) on 14 February 2000, with issue:
      • Maximilian Wessoly (born February 2000)
      • Marie Charlotte Wessoly (born 15 Dec 2001)
    • Nataly Alexandra Caroline Prinzessin von Preußen (born 13 January 1970)
Prince Louis Ferdinand, in the carriage, and his elder brother, Wilhelm.
  • Princess Marie Cécile of Prussia (born 28 May 1942)
  • Princess Kira of Prussia (27 June 1943 – 10 January 2004)
  • Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (25 August 1944 – 11 July 1977); married Countess Donata of Castell-Rüdenhausen (20 June 1950 - 5 September 2015) on 23 May 1975 civilly and 24 May 1975 religiously at Rüdenhausen, who bore him two children (She remarried 2 February 1991 her late husband's ex-brother-in-law, Duke Friedrich August of Oldenburg)
    • Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia (born 10 June 1976 Bremen); married Princess Sophie Johanna Maria of Isenburg (born 7 March 1978) on 25 August 2011 civilly and 27 August 2011 religiously, they have four children:
      • Prince Carl Friedrich Franz Alexander of Prussia (born 20 January 2013)
      • Prince Louis Ferdinand Christian Albrecht of Prussia (born 20 January 2013)
      • Princess Emma Marie Charlotte Sophie of Prussia (born 2 April 2015)
      • Prince Heinrich Albert Johann George of Prussia (born 17 November 2016)
    • Princess Cornelie-Cecile of Prussia (born 30 January 1978 Bremen)
  • Prince Christian-Sigismund of Prussia (born 14 March 1946), married Countess Nina Helene Lydia Alexandra zu Reventlow (born 13 March 1954) on 29 September 1984, with issue (his eldest child is born illegitimate by Christiane Rose Grandmontagne, ex-Countess Jan Bernadotte) :
    • Isabelle-Alexandra Angélique Anne-Kathrine von Preußen (born 18 September 1969)
    • Prince Christian Ludwig Michael Friedrich Ferdinand of Prussia (born 16 May 1986)
    • Princess Irina Maria Nina Kira of Prussia (born 4 Jul 1988)
  • Princess Xenia of Prussia (9 December 1949 – 18 January 1992), married Per-Edvard Lithander (born 10 September 1945 - 9 May 2010) on 27 January 1973, divorced in 1978, and had two children:
    • Patrick Edvard Christian Lithander (born 25 June 1973)
    • Wilhelm Sebastian Lithander (born 21 November 1974)

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Styles of
Louis Ferdinand,
Prince of Prussia
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Reichswappen (Grosses).svg
Reference style His Imperial and Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Imperial and Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir


  • 9 November 1907 - 4 June 1941: His Royal Highness Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia
  • 4 June 1941 - 20 July 1951: His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Louis Ferdinand, Hereditary Prince of Prussia
  • 20 July 1951 - 26 September 1994: His Imperial and Royal Highness Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia


National dynastic honours[edit]

National honours[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]



External links[edit]

Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia
Born: 9 November 1907 Died: 26 September 1994
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Crown Prince Wilhelm
German Emperor
King of Prussia

20 July 1951 – 26 September 1994
Reason for succession failure:
Empire and Kingdom abolished in 1918
Succeeded by
Prince Georg Friedrich