Louis François Dauprat
Louis François Dauprat (24 May 1781 in Paris – 16 July 1868 in Paris) was a French horn player, composer and music professor at the Conservatoire de Paris. He played and taught only natural horn, but was also very interested in the first experiments with keyed horns. He successfully ensured the development of a distinctively French school of playing, marginally influenced by the invention of the valve horn.
Dauprat first studied in the Paris Conservatory with Johann Joseph Kenn and in 1795, setting up in his horn class where he won the 1798 "Premier Prix". As a prize, he was awarded with an experimental horn model made by Lucien Joseph Raoux's studio, now one of the most impressive pieces in the museum of the Paris Conservatory.
From 1806 to 1808 he was the principal horn in the orchestra of the Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux and from 1808 to 1811 he worked for the Paris Opera Orchestra and the Paris Conservatory. He succeeded his teacher as professor in the Conservatory and held that position until 1833 when he was succeeded by the famous solo horn player and former student Jacques-François Gallay.
Dauprat wrote the textbook Méthode pour cor alto et cor basse (Paris, 1824), of much historical and methodological interest, and left five concertos for horn and orchestra and various compositions for chamber ensembles.
- 1st Horn Concerto, Op.1
- 2nd Horn Concerto, Op.9
- 3rd Horn Concerto for Alto and Bass Horns, Op.18
- 4th Horn Concerto Hommage a la Memoire de Punto, Op.19
- 5th Horn Concerto for Alto and Bass Horns, Op.21
- Mélodie, Op.25
- Trio for 3 Horns and Piano or Orchestra, Op. 15
- Concertino for Horn Ensemble
- Six Quartets for 4 Horns
- Three Grand Trios for 3 Horns
- Six Trios for 3 Horns
- Sextet, op.10 for 6 Horns in different tunes
- Several works for Horn and Piano
- Sonata for Horn and Harp, Op.2
- 3 Quintet for Horn and String Quartet, Op.6
- Dauprat, Louis François in Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart (MGG), Bd. 3, Bärenreiter-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 1986, S. 29.
- This work is a complete translation of the corresponding article on the German and Russian Wikipedia