Louis Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard

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Louis Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard
1586 Ludwig Friedrich.jpg
Louis Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard
Spouse(s) Elisabeth Magdalena of Hesse-Darmstadt
Anna Eleonora of Nassau-Weilburg-Saarbrücken
Noble family House of Württemberg
Father Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg
Mother Sibylla of Anhalt
Born (1586-01-29)29 January 1586
Died 26 January 1631(1631-01-26) (aged 44)

Louis Frederick of Württemberg-Montbéliard (29 January 1586 in Montbéliard – 26 January 1631 in Montbéliard) was the founder of a side line of the House of Württemberg known as the Dukes of Württemberg-Montbéliard.

Louis Frederick of Württemberg was born at Montbéliard Castle as the fifth child and second son of Duke Frederick I of Württemberg, and princess Sibylla of Anhalt.


On 28 May 1617 Louis Frederick agreed with older brother Duke John Frederick to divide the Württemberg possessions. Louis Frederick received the possessions on the left bank of the Rhine (Montbéliard, Riquewihr and Horburg) with full sovereignty. Thus, Louis Frederick became the founder of the younger Württemberg-Montbéliard line.

During the Thirty Years' War, his territory suffered badly from starvation and the plague. After his brother John Frederick died on 28 July 1628, Louis Frederick moved to Stuttgart, to act as guardian and regent for his our-year-old cousin Eberhard III. His tenure as regent was dominated by conflicts with Emperor Ferdinand II, after Württemberg lost about a third of its territory due to the Edict of Restitution. In November 1630, Louis Frederick returned to Montbéliard, where he died on 26 January 1631.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Louis Frederick married on 14 July 1617 with Elisabeth Magdalena of Hesse-Darmstadt, daughter of Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage produced three children:

After Elisabeth Magdalena's death on 9 June 1624, Louis Frederick married on 15 May 1625 with Anna Eleonora of Nassau-Weilburg-Saarbrücken. This marriage also produced three children:

  • George II (5 October 1626 – 1 June 1699)
  • Henry (19 December 1627 – January 1628)
  • Georgia Ludovica (1 February 1630 – 11 April 1630)

External links[edit]

Louis Frederick, Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard
Born: 29 January 1586 Died: 26 January 1631
Preceded by
John Frederick
as Duke of Württemberg
Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard
Succeeded by
Leopold Frederick