Louis Gabriel Taurin Dufresse

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Bishop St.

Louis Gabriel Taurin Dufresse

Vicar Apostolic of Se-Ciuen (Setchoan)
Gabriel-Taurin Dufresse.jpg
SeeSe-Ciuen (Setchoan)
Appointed24 July 1798
Installed15 November 1801
Term ended14 September 1815
PredecessorJean-Didier de Saint Martin
SuccessorGiacomo Luigi Fontana
Ordination17 September 1774
Consecration25 July 1800
by Jean-Didier de Saint Martin
Personal details
Birth nameLouis Gabriel Taurin Dufresse
Born(1750-12-08)December 8, 1750
Lezoux, France
DiedSeptember 14, 1815(1815-09-14) (aged 64)
Feast day14 September
Venerated inCatholic Church
Title as SaintBishop, Martyr
Beatified27 May 1900
by Pope Leo XIII
Canonized1 October 2000
by Pope John Paul II

Bishop St. Louis Gabriel Taurin Dufresse (8 December 1750 – 14 September 1815) was a member of Society of Foreign Missions of Paris and a Martyr Saint of the Catholic Church. He was born at Ville-de-Lezoux, diocese of Clermont, France. He joined the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris seminary in 1774. He was ordained a priest on 17 September 1774. He was sent as a missionary to Szechuan, China in 1775. There he was imprisoned for six months in 1784 during a government persecution of Christians. He was reassigned to Macao, but return to the Chinese missions in 1788.

He was appointed as the Titular bishop of Thabraca and Co-adjutor Vicar Apostolic of Se-Ciuen (Setchoan), China on 24 July 1798; He became the Vicar Apostolic on 15 November 1801.[1] He spent the next 15 years in constant danger during the persecution of Christians. He was betrayed to the authorities by a native Christian and was arrested on 18 May 1815. He was beheaded on 14 September 1815[2] at Chengdu, Sichuan, China.[3] His head was attached to a pole and his body left exposed for three days as a warning to others. This body was later buried by local Christians.[4]

Pope Leo XIII declared him as venerable on 2 July 1899 and Beatified him on 27 May 1900. He was Canonized by Pope John Paul II on 1 October 2000.[1]

Ordination history of
Louis Gabriel Taurin Dufresse
Priestly ordination
Date17 September 1774
Episcopal consecration
Consecrated byJean-Didier de Saint Martin
Date25 July 1800
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Louis Gabriel Taurin Dufresse as principal consecrator
Pierre Trenchant1802
Jean-Louis Florens1810


  1. ^ a b "Saint Louis Gabriel Taurin Dufresse, M.E.P." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Henri Cordier (1913). "Martyrs in China". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  3. ^ "Canonized Martyrs of China". The Hagiography Circle. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  4. ^ "Saint Jean-Gabriel-Taurin Dufresse". saints.sqpn.com. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Pierre Brigot, M.E.P.
Bishop of Thabraca
24 July 1798 — 14 September 1815
Succeeded by
Edward Kernan
Preceded by
Jean-Didier de Saint Martin
Vicar Apostolic of Se-Ciuen (Setchoan), China
15 November 1801 — 14 September 1815
Succeeded by
Giacomo Luigi Fontana