Louis Gerhard De Geer
|Louis Gerhard De Geer|
|1st Prime Minister of Sweden|
20 March 1876 – 19 April 1880
|Preceded by||Post established|
|Succeeded by||Arvid Posse|
|Minister for Justice|
20 March 1876 – 6 June 1879
|Preceded by||Post established|
|Succeeded by||Ludvig Teodor Almqvist|
|Prime Minister for Justice|
7 April 1858 – 3 June 1870
|Preceded by||Claës Günther|
|Succeeded by||Axel Adlercreutz|
11 May 1875 – 20 March 1876
|Preceded by||Edvard Carleson|
Louis Gerard De Geer af Finspång|
18 July 1818
Finspång Castle, Sweden
24 September 1896 (aged 78)|
Hanaskog Castle, Sweden
|Political party||Independent liberal|
Gerhard De Geer|
Henriette Charlotte Lagerstråle
|Alma mater||Uppsala universitet|
Baron Louis Gerard De Geer of Finspång (18 July 1818 – 24 September 1896) was a Swedish statesman and writer. He was born at Finspång Castle in Risinge parish. He was a lawyer, and in 1855 became president of the Göta hovrätt, or lord justice for the appellate court of Götaland. From 7 April 1858 to 3 June 1870 he was Prime Minister for Justice and again from 11 May 1875 to 20 March 1876. As a member of the nobility, he took part in the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates from 1851 onwards. From 1867 to 1878 he was the member for Stockholm in the first chamber in the New Riksdag, where he introduced and passed many useful reforms.
Architect of the New Riksdag
De Geer's greatest political achievement was the reform of the Swedish representative system. The reforms introduced a bi-cameral elected Riksdag replacing the existing cumbersome and less democratic Riksdag of the Estates, a hangover from the later Medieval Times. This measure was accepted by the Riksdag in December 1865, and received the royal sanction on 22 June 1866. For some time after this De Geer enjoyed considerable popularity. He retired from the ministry in 1870, but took office again, as Prime Minister of Justice in 1875.
First Prime Minister
In 1876 De Geer became the first Prime Minister of Sweden following a reform where the previous offices of Prime Minister for Justice (which he held at the time) and Prime Minister for Foreign Affairs where changed into Minister for Justice and a Minister for Foreign Affairs. He served until April 1880, when the failure of his repeated efforts to settle the armaments issue again induced him to resign. From 1881 to 1888 he was Chancellor for the Universities of Uppsala and Lund. He was an advocate of free trade and economic liberalism. Some argue that it was De Geer who laid the foundations for the strong economic growth in Sweden from 1870 to 1970.
Besides several novels and aesthetic essays, De Geer wrote a few political memoirs of supreme merit both as to style and matter, the most notable of which are Minnesteckning öfver A. J. v. Höpken (Stockholm, 1881); Minnesteckning öfver Hans Järta (Stockholm, 1874); Minnesteckning öfver B. B. von Platen (Stockholm, 1886); and his own Minnen (Stockholm, 1892), an autobiography, invaluable as a historical document, in which the political experience and the matured judgments of a lifetime are recorded with singular clearness, sobriety and charm. For example, his explanation of why he, at such a young age, was appointed Prime Minister of Justice, was that in the narrow circles of Swedish nobility at the time, it was difficult to find anyone with at least the mediocre intelligence which was needed for the office.
Membership in academies
In 1848, De Geer married the countess Carolina Lovisa Wachtmeister. They had three sons, of which the eldest, Gerhard Louis De Geer (1854–1935), was prime minister of Sweden from 1920 to 21 and the second was Gerard De Geer (1858–1943), a geologist.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Robert Nisbet Bain (1911). "De Geer, Louis Gerhard, Baron". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "Louis G De Geer". Riksarkivet. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- "Sweden" (in Swedish). World Statesmen. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Hofberg, Herman; Heurlin, Frithiof; Millqvist, Viktor; Rubenson, Olof (1906). Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon: alfabetiskt ordnade lefnadsteckningar af Sveriges namnkunniga män och kvinnor från reformationen till nuvarande tid (in Swedish) (Ny uppl. /grundligt genomsedd, omarbetad och till våra dagar framförd af Frithiof Heurlin ... ed.). Stockholm: Bonnier. pp. 227–228. LIBRIS 81312.
| Prime Minister of Sweden
20 March 1876–19 April 1880
Anders Magnus Strinnholm
| Swedish Academy,
Pehr Jacob von Ehrenheim