Louis Charles Hayward
19 March 1909
Johannesburg, South Africa
|Died||21 February 1985 (aged 75)|
Palm Springs, California, U.S.
(m. 1938; div. 1945)
Peggy Morrow Field
(m. 1946; div. 1950)
|Awards||Bronze Star Medal|
Louis Charles Hayward (19 March 1909 – 21 February 1985) was a Johannesburg-born, British-American actor.
Born in Johannesburg, Louis Hayward lived in South Africa and was educated in France and England, including Latymer Upper School in Hammersmith, London. He spent some time managing a night club but wanted to act and bought into a stock company.
He started being cast in some British films of the early 1930s, such as Self Made Lady (1932) and The Man Outside (1933). He had the lead role in Chelsea Life (1933) and supporting parts in Sorrell and Son (1933), The Thirteenth Candle (1933) and I'll Stick to You (1933).
Move to United States
Hayward came to Broadway in 1935 with a production of Coward's Point Valaine working with Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontanne. The play, described as one of Coward's worst and poorly received critically and popularly, only ran for six weeks and was considered a failure, but Hayward won the Donaldson award, a precursor to the Tonys and as a consequence signed a four-picture contract with MGM.
U.S. movie career
Hayward's career started to gain momentum when he was cast in the prologue of Warner Bros' expensive blockbuster Anthony Adverse (1936), playing the father of the title character. His profile also was raised by marriage to Ida Lupino.
Hayward was cast as the first screen incarnation of Simon Templar in Leslie Charteris' The Saint in New York (1938) at RKO. The film was a hit and would eventually lead to a long-running series. However, the next five films in the series starred George Sanders as Templar. Hayward would eventually reprise the role in The Saint's Return in 1953.
In 1938 Hayward starred in The Duke of West Point (1938) for producer Edward Small, who signed him to make three films over the next five years, meaning he was unable to reprise his part as the Saint.
However, Small started building Hayward into a star, casting him in a dual role in The Man in the Iron Mask (1939) under the direction of James Whale, co-starring with Joan Bennett. The film was a notable success.
Small put Hayward into My Son, My Son! (1940) with Madeleine Carroll and Brian Aherne. RKO borrowed him for Dance, Girl, Dance (1940) where he appeared with Maureen O'Hara and Lucille Ball. Small then put him in The Son of Monte Cristo (1940), another swashbuckler with Bennett and a sequel to the 1934 The Count of Monte Cristo.
During World War II, Hayward enlisted in the United States Marine Corps in July 1942. He commanded a photographic unit that filmed the Battle of Tarawa in the documentary With the Marines at Tarawa—winner of the 1944 Academy Award for Best Documentary (Short Subject). Hayward was awarded the Bronze Star Medal.
While off-duty in New Zealand he "went under the name of 'Captain Richards' to avoid the rush of the ladies" as recalled by a waiter at the Green Parrot, a Wellington restaurant.
Return to Hollywood
For Hunt Stromberg, he co-starred with Jane Russell in Young Widow (1946) and supported Hedy Lamarr in The Strange Woman (1946). He returned to the swashbuckler genre for Edward Small with Monte Cristo's Revenge (1947).
Hayward made a thriller for Eagle Lion, Repeat Performance (1947), then did The Black Arrow Strikes (1948), another swashbuckler. Eagle Lion used him in Ruthless (1948) with Zachary Scott, then he did Walk a Crooked Mile (1948) for Small.
Hayward went to Italy to make The Masked Pirate (1951) for United Artists. After Fritz Lang cast him in the lead of House by the River (1950) for Republic Pictures, he did some adventure films for Columbia: Fortunes of Captain Blood (1950) and Dick Turpin's Ride the title for US release was The Lady and the Bandit (1951). For the latter studio, he also starred in The Son of Dr. Jekyll (1951).
Hayward began appearing on TV in "Crossed and Double Crossed" for The Ford Television Theatre (1952). For Allied Artists, he starred in and helped produce Storm Over Africa (1953), then he reprised his role as Simon Templar in The Saint's Return (1954), shot in Britain. He starred in Men Behind Bars (1954) for Warner Bros.
Hayward starred in the 1954 syndicated television series The Lone Wolf, which ran for 39 episodes. He did episodes of Matinee Theatre ("Beginning Now"), Climax! ("A Promise to Murder"), TV Reader's Digest ("The Voyage of Captain Tom Jones, Pirate"), Lux Video Theatre ("So Evil My Love", "Suspicion"), The O Henry Playhouse ("Hearts and Hands"), Studio One in Hollywood ("Balance of Terror"), Schlitz Playhouse ("A Contest of Ladies"), The Highwayman, and Decision ("Stand and Deliver").
Hayward starred in the 1961 British television series The Pursuers (1961–62). Hayward's other television work includes the Alfred Hitchcock Hour ("Day of Reckoning"), Kraft Television Theatre ("Dead on Nine"), Rawhide, and Burke's Law.
Hayward's last films included Chuka (1967) and The Christmas Kid (1967). He had roles in Harold Robbins' The Survivors (1969), The Phynx (1970), Night Gallery (1971), The Last of the Powerseekers (1973) and Terror in the Wax Museum (1973). His last appearance was in an episode of The Magician, titled "The Illusion of the Lethal Playthings" (1974).
Hayward married actress/director Ida Lupino on 17 November 1938 in a quiet civil ceremony held in the Santa Barbara courthouse. After he returned from the war, he was drastically different, which caused a strain in the marriage. They were divorced in 1945. He then met Peggy Morrow, and after dating for a while, they married on 29 May 1946. They divorced four years later on 13 March 1950.
- Self Made Lady (1932) – Paul Geneste
- Chelsea Life (1933) – David Fenner
- The Thirteenth Candle (1933) – Paul Marriott
- The Man Outside (1933) – Frank Elford
- Sorrell and Son (1933) – Duncan
- I'll Stick to You (1933) – Ronnie Matthews
- A Feather in Her Hat (1935) – Jack Kerry
- The Love Test (1935) – John Gregg
- The Flame Within (1935) – Richard Orland
- Absolute Quiet (1936) – Gregory Bengard
- Trouble for Two (1936) – Young Man With Cream Tarts
- Anthony Adverse (1936) – Denis Moore
- The Luckiest Girl in the World (1936) – Anthony McClellan
- The Woman I Love (1937) – Lt. Jean Herbillion
- Midnight Intruder (1938) – Barry Gilbert
- Condemned Women (1938) – Dr. Philip Duncan
- The Saint in New York (1938) – Simon Templar, aka The Saint
- The Rage of Paris (1938) – Bill Duncan
- The Duke of West Point (1938) – Steven Earley
- The Man in the Iron Mask (1939) – Louis XIV / Philippe of Gascony
- My Son, My Son! (1940) – Oliver Essex
- Dance, Girl, Dance (1940) – Jimmy Harris
- The Son of Monte Cristo (1940) – Edmund Dantes Jr.
- Ladies in Retirement (1941) – Albert Feather
- And Then There Were None (1945) – Philip Lombard
- Young Widow (1946) – Lt. Jim Cameron
- The Strange Woman (1946) – Ephraim Poster
- The Return of Monte Cristo (1946) –Edmond Dantes
- Repeat Performance (1947) – Barney Page
- The Black Arrow (1948) – Sir Richard Shelton
- Ruthless (1948) – Vic Lambdin
- Walk a Crooked Mile (1948) – Philip 'Scotty' Grayson
- The Pirates of Capri (1949) – Count Amalfi, alias Captain Sirocco
- House by the River (1950) – Stephen Byrne
- Fortunes of Captain Blood (1950) – Captain Peter Blood
- Dick Turpin's Ride (1951) – Dick Turpin
- The Son of Dr. Jekyll (1951) – Edward Jekyll / Dr. Henry Jekyll / Mr. Hyde
- Lady in the Iron Mask (1952) – D'Artagnan
- Captain Blood, Fugitive / Captain Pirate (1952) – Capt. Peter Blood
- The Royal African Rifles (1953) – Denham
- The Saint's Return (1953) – Simon Templar aka The Saint
- Duffy of San Quentin (1954) – Edward 'Romeo' Harper
- The Search for Bridey Murphy (1956) – Morey Bernstein
- Chuka (1967) – Major Benson
- The Christmas Kid (1967) – Mike Culligan
- The Phynx (1970) – Louis Hayward
- Terror in the Wax Museum (1973) – Tim Fowley
- Wise, James E.; Anne Collier Rehill (1999). "LouisHayward". Stars in the Corps: Movie actors in the United States Marines (2nd ed.). Naval Institute Press. pp. 27–34. ISBN 978-1-55750-949-9. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
- Latymer Upper School; A History of the School and Its Foundation, Nigel Watson
- "Louis Hayward". Theatricalia.com.
- "Louis Hayward's lucky day". The Australian Women's Weekly. 7 (16). 23 September 1939. p. 4 (The Movie World). Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Point Valaine – Broadway Play – Original". The Broadway League. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
- "Louis Hayward Role". Wall Street Journal. 14 June 1935. p. 11.
- "Film Gossip From London". The Telegraph. Queensland, Australia. 19 September 1939. p. 15. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Kingsley, Grace (6 March 1939). "Louis Hayward Longs for Adventurous Life". Los Angeles Times. p. 20.
- "What Fate Does to Mortals Who Go Against Her Decrees". The Mirror. 14 (762). Western Australia. 5 December 1936. p. 18. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Overnight Fame for Louis Hayward? Hollywood Producer Thinks So". Daily News. 1 (248). New South Wales, Australia. 16 September 1939. p. 7. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Enter Villain Lois Hayward!". The Australian Women's Weekly. 7 (50). 18 May 1940. p. 4 (The Movie World). Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Louis Hayward Joins Marines". The New York Times. 12 July 1942. p. 11.
- Tarawa documentary won Academy Award – Marine Corps Community for USMC Veterans, leatherneck.com; accessed 21 September 2014.
- Bioletti, Harry The Yanks are Coming: the American Invasion of New Zealand 1942–1944 (1989, Century Hutchison); ISBN 1-86941-034-3, p. 69
- Louis Hayward at the Internet Broadway Database
- "Louis Hayward – Hollywood Walk of Fame". Walkoffame.com.
- L.A. Times Hollywood Star Walk, Latimes.com; accessed 1 September 2017.
- "Dana Keith Hayward (1950-2007) - Find A Grave..." Findagrave.com. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
- The Columbia Encyclopedia of Modern Drama. Columbia University Press. 2007. p. 296. ISBN 978-0-231-14032-4.
- Hoare, Philip Hoare (1995). Noel Coward: A Biography. Simon & Schuster. p. 273. ISBN 0-684-80937-0.
- Louis Hayward, South African–American Actor dies, sahistory.org.za; accessed 1 September 2017.
- "Actor Louis Hayward dead at age 75". The Tuscaloosa News. 22 February 1985. p. 17. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
- "From the Archives: Film, TV Actor Louis Hayward Dies". L.A. Times. 22 February 1985. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
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