Louis Meyer

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Louis Meyer
Louis Meyer at the 1928 Indianapolis 500 (cropped).jpg
Born (1904-07-21)July 21, 1904
Manhattan, New York
Died November 7, 1995(1995-11-07) (aged 91)
Searchlight, Nevada
Resting place Inglewood Park Cemetery
Known for First three-time winner of the Indianapolis 500
Spouse(s) June
Children Louis Meyer, Jr., Kay and Yvonne

Louis Meyer (July 21, 1904 – October 7, 1995) was an American Hall of Fame race car driver who was the first three-time winner of the Indianapolis 500.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Born in lower Manhattan, New York on July 21, 1904, he was the son of French immigrants, Meyer was raised in Los Angeles, where he began automobile racing at various California tracks. Early in his career, he helped prepare the Miller driven by Frank Elliott in 1926, destroking the engine to bring it within the 91 12 cu in (1,499 cc) displacement limit permitted by the rules.[3] Meyer went with the car when it was sold in 1927 to Fred Holliday (of Holliday Steel Company) as the Jynx Special (a morbidly ironic name, since Jimmy Murphy had been killed in it in 1924).[4] He would be mechanic for Wilbur Shaw in the Indianapolis 500 that year.[5] Meyer also served as co-driver, taking the car from seventh place up to sixth.[6]

In 1928, Phil Shafer's intended Miller entry went up for sale, and Alden Sampson bought the car for Meyer.[7] Meyer passed the rookie test, qualified thirteenth, and took the lead on Lap 181; he won by a margin of 25 seconds, at an average speed of 99.5 mph (160.1 km/h).[8] The same year, Meyer won a 200 mi (320 km) event at the 1 12 mi (2.4 km) board track at Altoona, Pennsylvania, at an average speed of 117.02 mph (188.33 km/h), in a Stutz-Miller.[9] He earned consistent points finishes to make him AAA's National Champion.ref>Wise, p.1330.</ref> He would claim the title again in 1929 and 1933.ref>Wise, p.1330.</ref>

At the 1929 Indianapolis 500, Ray Keech beat Meyer, only to be killed at Altoona two weeks later, the season's second 200 mi (320 km) event there, which Meyer won, averaging 110 mph (180 km/h).[10]

Meyer managed only fourth place at the 1930 Indianapolis 500, and the Great Depression curtailed racing.[11] That, plus the closure of many board tracks as unsafe, led Meyer to concentrate more on dirt track racing.[12]

In 1933's 500, at the wheel of the Tydol Special Miller, Meyer took the lead on Lap 129. Meyer steadily increased his lead from there, until he was fully four laps up on the field by the checkered flag. Despite lifting later in the race, Meyer's race average, 104.16 mph (167.63 km/h), was still a record.[13] By winning his second 500, he joined a fairly exclusive club. Meyer started the tradition of drinking milk (buttermilk at the time) in victory lane that year, when he drank a glass.[citation needed] Following his 1936 victory, he drank from a glass milk bottle instead, as most race winners have done since.[14]

Meyer followed his success with a costly mistake in 1935, forming Champion Drivers, Inc., to promote racing, along with nine other top racers..[15]

He had a successful 1936 season, winning at Altoona, placing second at the difficult Ascot track, and winning his third Indianapolis 500| (in the Ring Free Special Miller.[16]

Following the suggestion of former race winner, Tommy Milton, that year he became the first driver to receive the Pace Car as part of the race winnings.[citation needed]

Meyer came close to winning a (then-record) fourth 500 in 1939, in the Bowes Seal Fast Special Miller. Battling Shaw with just four laps to go, Meyer lost control and spun; while unhurt, Meyer's race was lost..[17] He sold the Miller to Rex Mays the next year, going back to becoming a mechanic--or, rathern an engine builder: he went into partnership with Dale Drake, taking over Offenhauser's engine plant.[18] Meyer-Drake Offys would dominate Indy for most of the next two decades, powering every winner until 1968.[19]

Meyer joined Ford in 1964, and through worked on development of the Ford V8, which powered four 500 winners in that time.[20]

Meyer's wife June did not even know he was racing in the 1928 Indianapolis 500. Earlier in the day she was in Pennsylvania picking up a wrecked car and after that went to see her brother-in-law Eddie Meyer race in Reading. She found out about her husband's victory after the track announcer in Reading asked the crowd to give a big hand to Eddie Meyer, the brother of the Indianapolis 500 winner.

Meyer died on November 7, 1995 in Searchlight, Nevada, aged 91, where he had been living in retirement since 1972.[1] He was interred at Inglewood Park Cemetery in Inglewood, California.

Legacy[edit]

Meyer's son Louis (Sonny) Meyer, Jr. assisted him in engine work at his race shops, and worked on the various DOHC Ford engines in USAC racing, including building 15 Indianapolis 500-winning engines. Grandson Louis III (Butch) built Oldsmobile Aurora engines for Team Menard in Indy Racing League IndyCar Series competition, winning the 1996-97 (18-month season) and 1999 championships before becoming the Indy Pro Series (now Indy Lights) director, and will head with this son Louis Michael Meyer (Louis IV) the Road to Indy team Legacy Autosport in 2019.

He was not related to fellow driver Zeke Meyer.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Louis Meyer, 91, A Champion Racer". New York Times. October 9, 1995. Retrieved 2012-10-05. 
  2. ^ Wise, David Burgess, "Meyer: The first triple Indy winner", in Ward, Ian, executive editor. World of Automobiles (London: Orbis, 1974) Volume 12, p.1330.
  3. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  4. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  5. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  6. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  7. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  8. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  9. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  10. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  11. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  12. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  13. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  14. ^ Nystrom, Elsa A. (2013). "Indianapolis 500". In Murry R. Nelson. American sports a history of icons, idols, and ideas. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 586. ISBN 9780313397530. .
  15. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  16. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  17. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  18. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  19. ^ Wise, p.1330.
  20. ^ Wise, p.1330.

Sources[edit]

  • Wise, David Burgess. "Meyer: The first triple Indy winner", in Ward, Ian, executive editor. World of Automobiles Volume 12, p.1330. London: Orbis, 1974.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
George Souders
Indianapolis 500 Winner
1928
Succeeded by
Ray Keech
Preceded by
Fred Frame
Indianapolis 500 Winner
1933
Succeeded by
Bill Cummings
Preceded by
Kelly Petillo
Indianapolis 500 Winner
1936
Succeeded by
Wilbur Shaw