Louis Péringuey

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Louis Albert Péringuey MSc (9 October 1855, Bordeaux – 20 February 1924, Cape Town) was a South African entomologist who specialised in Coleoptera and prehistory.

Louis Albert Peringuey00.gif

Péringuey was a collector for museums in Senegal, Gambia and Madagascar for three years, before emigrating in 1879 to Cape Town in South Africa, where he taught French at the South African College and the Diocesan College. He worked as a volunteer on Coleoptera at the South African Museum in 1882, and two years later became a member of the permanent staff. Shortly after he also took up an appointment as inspector-general of vineyards.

At the age of 37 he married Bertha Marcellis, 3 years later in 1895 being put in charge of the Invertebrate Collection, and in 1896 becoming assistant director of the Museum. When the post of Director fell vacant in 1906 following Sclater's resignation, the Board of Trustees had no hesitation in appointing Péringuey as director. In the same year he started delivering lectures in forest entomology at the S.A. College, and was awarded a doctorate in Natural Sciences by the University of the Cape of Good Hope. Despite financial stringencies, the Museum engaged in an active program of collecting, research and publication. A dearth of transport meant that collectors often had to travel by train, donkey-cart and ox-wagon. He made important contributions in the field of physical anthropology, and produced a set of plaster casts of the San to record their physical appearance.

An overcrowded museum made expansion necessary, but the outbreak of World War I stopped all construction. Péringuey persuaded the authorities to purchase four old corrugated iron buildings in 1922, which subsequently served as store rooms.

Péringuey was powerfully built and tall, dynamic and strong-willed. He had an enormous capacity for work, and a prodigious memory, but was also short-tempered and obstinate, with a great distrust of academics. His dislike of Germans led to his naming the genus Bochus in the family Gryllacrididae, and the type species contemnendus (i.e. 'contemptible German'). When the family was revised many years later by an Austrian authority, the taxon was found to be a synonym of B. puncticeps, translating as 'the German with the pointy head'.[1][2][3][4]

On 20 February 1924, aged 69, Péringuey died near the Museum while walking home.

He wrote Descriptive catalogue of the coleoptera of South Africa (1897) and many short scientific papers describing new taxa. His collections are divided between the Iziko South African Museum, Transvaal Museum, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova and the collections of the German Entomological Institute.

Species named after him include Peringuey's leaf-toed gecko (Cryptactites peringueyi ), Peringuey's adder (Bitis peringueyi ),[5] and the cocktail ant (Crematogaster peringueyi ).

Stellenbosch Archaeological Reserve[edit]

Paleolithic biface from Stellenbosch collected by Péringuey

In 1899 Péringuey discovered Paleolithic stone tools of the Acheulean type at a site named Bosman's Crossing near the Adam Tas Bridge at the western entrance to the town of Stellenbosch in South Africa. A plaque was erected at the site in 1962 by the Historical Monuments Commission with the following text:[6][7][8]

Stellenbosch Archaeological Reserve
In a road-makers borrow-pit here in 1899
Louis Perinquey made the first discovery
of "Stellenbosch" stone implements
and thereby proved the great antiquity of man
in South Africa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Péringuey, Louis Albert (1855-1924) Museums of Cape Town
  2. ^ synonym Bochus contemnendus Péringuey, 1916 Archived October 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ systematics of Southern African Anostostomatidae (Orthoptera) based on morphological and molecular data June 2006
  4. ^ "iziko South African museum: Louis Albert Péringuey". media1.mweb.co.za. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
  5. ^ Beolens, B.; Watkins, M.; Grayson, M. (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Péringuey", p. 203).
  6. ^ Dempsey, W. C. (19 October 1962). "The Archaeological Reserve" (PDF). Information in connection with the Municipality of Stellenbosch (IMS). Municipality of Stellenbosch. 1 (35): 7. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
  7. ^ Seddon, J. D. (October 1966). "The Early Stone Age at Bosman's Crossing, Stellenbosch". The South African Archaeological Bulletin. South African Archaeological Society. 21 (83): 133–137. JSTOR 3888433.
  8. ^ Deacon, H. J. (1975). "Demography, Subsistence, and Culture During the Acheulian in Southern Africa". In Butzer, Karl W.; Isaac, Glynn L. (eds.). After the Australopithecines: Stratigraphy, Ecology, and Culture Change in the Middle Pleistocene. pp. 543–570. ISBN 9783110878837.
  • Anonym 1924 [Péringuey, L. A.] Entomologist's Monthly Magazine (3) 60 89
  • Anonym 1925 [Péringuey, L. A.] So. African Journ. N. H. 5 1-8
  • Howard, L. O. 1930 History of applied Entomology (Somewhat Anecdotal) Smiths. Miscell. Coll. 84 X+1-564.
  • Poggi, R. & Conci, C. 1996 [Péringuey, L. A.] Mem. Soc. Ent. Ital. 75

External links[edit]