Louis Salica

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Louis Salica
Louis.Salica.jpeg
Statistics
Real name Luigi Salica
Rated at Bantamweight
Height 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m)
Nationality United States American
Born (1912-11-16)November 16, 1912
Brooklyn, New York
Died January 30, 2002(2002-01-30) (aged 89)
Brooklyn, New York
Stance Orthodox
Boxing record
Total fights 91
Wins 62
Wins by KO 13
Losses 17
Draws 12
Louis Salica

Louis ("Lou") Salica (November 16, 1912 – January 30, 2002) was an American boxer, who captured the National Boxing Association World Bantamweight Title twice in his career, in 1935 and 1940. His managers were Hymie Kaplan and Willie Ketchum.[1] Some sources list a different birth date for Salica, July 26, 1913.[2]

As a youth, Salica won the Flyweight bronze medal as an amateur at the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.[2]

Early life and boxing career[edit]

Salica was born in Brooklyn, New York to a large Italian family of sixteen children on November 16, 1912.[3] As an exceptional amateur, he won the New York City Golden Gloves Flyweight Championship in 1932. He won the Metropolitan Flyweight Championship in 1931 and 1932, as well as the 1932 National AAU Flyweight Championship.[2]

Turning professional and fighting in the Brooklyn area from December 1932 to February 1934, he won fifteen of his first sixteen bouts with one draw.[1]

On December 27, 1933, he defeated Native American boxer Pete DeGrasse in a six round points decision in Broadway Arena in Brooklyn.[1] He would fight and defeat DeGrasse again in a longer ten round points decision on May 11, 1937 at Olympic Stadium in Los Angeles. DeGrasse normally fought as a featherweight, outweighed Salica by three pounds.[4] Salica opened a cut over the eye of DeGrasse in the seventh round, but DeGrasse finished strong in the close bout, making many in the crowd question the referee's decision.[5]

He defeated Harry Bauman once on April 2, 1934 in a six round points decision at St. Nicholas Arena in New York City.[1]

On August 10, 1934, he defeated Joe Tei Ken, a Korean San Francisco native, in a ten round points decision at Legion Stadium in Hollywood, California. Salica was a slight favorite going into the bout.[6]

September 7, 1934, he defeated Filipino boxer Young Tommy in a ten round points decision at Hollywood's Legion Stadium. He came in strong in the final rounds to defeat his opponent. Both boxers weighed very close to 118 in the weigh ins.[7]

On October 19, 1934, in a well publicized bout, he lost to Filipino boxer Speedy Dado in a ten round points decision at Legion Stadium in California. Dado showed greater speed and accuracy in his punching, though Salica often scored points in rounds when Dado was tiring, and clearly won the fifth.[8]

On December 20, 1934, he defeated Carlos "Indian" Quinatana in a ten round decision at the Forum in Montreal, Canada. He scored two no count knockdowns in early rounds, but had to come from behind in a strong finish when Quintana made a strong showing in the middle rounds. The bout was an early match for the World Bantamweight elimination tournament.[9]

On June 11, 1935, he defeated Pablo Dano in a ten round points decision at Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles. As many as 10,000 were anticipated for the fight between two boxers considered bantamweight title contenders, even if only in California.[10] He would defeat Dano again in a ten round points decision on August 20, 1938 at Gilmore Stadium in Los Angeles.[1]

On July 30, 1935, he met Jerry Mazza in an eighth round draw at the Coney Island Velodrome in Brooklyn. Salica was outweighed by nearly eight pounds in the feature bout.[11]

Taking the NBA Bantamweight Championship against Sixto Escobar[edit]

On August 26, 1935, Salica took the National Boxing Association Bantamweight Championship against Puerto Rican boxer Sixto Escobar in a close fifteen round decision at Dyckman Oval in Manhattan.[1] Many ringside questioned the decision of the judges that gave the win to Salica.[12]

Losing the NBA Bantamweight Championship[edit]

Salica subsequently lost the World Bantamweight Championship to Escobar just two months later on November 15, 1935 in a fifteen round Unanimous Decision at New York's Madison Square Garden.[1] Escobar floored Salica for a nine count in the third round after a series of right crosses, and staggered him several times during the bout. The United Press gave Escobar eleven of the nine rounds, in a decisive victory where only the ninth, tenth, and eleventh were given graciously to Salica, the ninth being even.[13]

Important bouts after first taking and losing the NBA Bantamweight Championship[edit]

Bout with Tony Marino in New York[edit]

On June 2, 1936, he was defeated by Tony Marino, future NYSAC World Bantamweight Title Holder, in Queensboro Arena in New York. Marino surprised the crowd with an unexpected ten round points decision over Salica, the former World Bantamweight Champion.[14] It was a victory that helped Marino rise to greater prominence.[1][15]

On November 2, 1937, Salica scored a fourth round technical knockout against Joey Wach in Brooklyn. Wach was down three times in the fourth round, the first time for a nine count before the referee stopped the fight after one minute of the fourth. The fighting was fairly even in the first three rounds.[16]

Successful boxing to large audiences in California[edit]

On July 22, 1938 he defeated Mexican boxer Emilio Magana in a ninth round technical knockout at Gilmore Stadium in Los Angeles, California. It was an impressive win for Salica, as one reporter described his victory as a "first class going-over" against Magana. Salica fought at only 119 pounds, still in the bantamweight range.[17]

On August 26, 1938, he defeated "Young" Joe Roche in an eighth round Technical Knockout at Dreamland Auditorium in San Francisco, California.[1]

On January 21, 1939, he fought Tony Dupre to an eight round draw at Ridgewood Grove, in Salica's howmetown of Brooklyn.[1] The bout was a feature fight only scheduled for eight rounds, and according to one source, Salica was fighting for the first time as a featherweight.[18]

On April 6, 1939, he defeated Richie Lemos at Hollywood's Legion Stadium in a ten round points decision in an important win. In July 1941, Lemos would take the NBA World Featherweight Championship.[19]

On May 19, 1939, he defeated Filipino boxer Little Pancho in a ten round points decision at Hollywood's Legion Stadium. Little Pancho was an important bantamweight and half brother to the great Filipino boxer Pancho Villa.[20]

He defeated Jackie Jurich on August 18, 1939 at Legion Stadium in Hollywood, California in a ninth round knockout. [2] Jurich who was claimant of the American Flyweight Title, was outweighed by Salica by four pounds.[21]

Title bout with Tony Olivera in Hollywood[edit]

On November 16, 1939, Salica fought a NYSAC World Bantamweight Boxing Championship title bout against Tony Olivera, winning in a ten round points decision in Hollywood, California.[1]

Retaking the NBA World Bantamweight Championship against Georgie Pace[edit]

On March 4, 1940, Salica fought Black Cleveland-based boxer Georgie Pace for the first time in Toronto, Canada in an important NBA World Bantamweight Boxing Championship, but received a Draw for the fifteen round bout. It was Salica's first attempt at the NBA World Title since having lost it to Sixto Escobar.[1]

On September 24, 1940 he reclaimed the NBA World Bantamweight Title against Georgie Pace closer to home in a fifteen round Unanimous Decision at the New York Coliseum in the Bronx.[1] The Arizona Republic wrote, "it was a dead close fight for nine rounds, but Pace tired in the stretch, and Salica came on to win. At the finish with a partisan crowd of 4,183 cheering him on, he (Salica) was barely breathing heavily." The crowd of 4,183 was small for a title fight, perhaps due to fans being less interested in the Bantamweight division than lightweight and above, as well as the frequency with which the title had changed hands.[22][23] Sixto Escobar had vacated his claim to the NBA World Bantamweight Title the previous year. Pace was recognized as the NBA World Bantamweight Title holder at the time of the fight, and Salica was still considered by the New York State Athletic Commission to hold their version of the World Title, largely as a result of his win over Tony Olivera the previous year.[24]

On December 2, 1940, he technically knocked out Small Montana, former flyweight champion, in the third round in Toronto to defend his World Bantamweight Championship. Salica floored Montana, nine times, before the fight was stopped 1:30 into the third round.[25] Montana was knocked down three times in the first round, four times in the second round, and twice in the third. It was an important win for Salica, who outweighted Montana by four pounds in the weigh-in.[26]

NBA World Bantamweight Title defenses against Lou Transparenti and Tommy Forte[edit]

On April 25, 1941, he won a fifteen round NBA World Bantamweight Championship defense against Lou Transparenti in Baltimore, Maryland.[1]

On January 13, 1941, he defeated Tommy Forte for the first time in a fifteen round split decision World Title defense at Philadelphia. "From the seventh to the thirteenth round Forte battered Salica around the ring". In the fourth round Forte injured Salica's eye, causing problem for Salica through the remainder of the bout. In the fourteenth and fifteenth rounds Salica recovered his form and took the fight to Forte, winning the close bout by only one round.[1][27] On June 16, 1941, he defended his title in a more impressive fifteen round unanimous decision against Tommy Forte before a significant crowd of 14,500 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Forte entered the ring an underdog in the betting but came from behind to win the later rounds (but not the fight). [28] It was his last successful NBA World Championship defense. There were no knockdowns in the bout.[29] Salica had lost to Forte the previous October in a ten round uanimous decision in a non-title match in Philadelphia. His two subsequent victories in title fights demonstrated he could improve his skills in title matches.

On August 8, 1941, he defeated Henry Hook in a ten round Unanimous Decision at the Coney Island Velodrome in Brooklyn, New York. Salica was outweighed by around seven pounds and a half pounds in the non-title fight. The close fight, described as thrilling, was fought before a crowd of 5,000. An excited crowd cheered as Hook continued to reign blows on Salica in late rounds, but was unable to capture the decision.[30][31]

Losing second NBA World Bantamweight Title to Manuel Ortiz[edit]

On August 7, 1942, he lost his second NBA World Bantamweight Title against Manuel Ortiz at Legion Stadium in Hollywood, California in a twelve round Unanimous Decision before a crowd of 6,000. Ortiz fought for only $250, and for the opportunity to take Salica's NBA World Bantamweight Title. The fight benefited the USO and helped to buy athletic equipment and stage athletic shows for servicemen.[1][32] The Los Angeles Times tellingly noted that Salica had lost much of the speed of his former boxing days, having weathered a large number of fights in his twelve year career as a boxer.[33] The NYSAC, had issues with Ortiz as the new champion, as the bout had been scheduled for only twelve and not fifteen rounds.[34] In a fairly decisive win for Ortiz, the Associated Press and two of the judges ringside gave three rounds to Salica and the remaining nine rounds to Ortiz.[35]

On March 10, 1943, Ortiz defeated Salica again in an eleventh round TKO at the Auditorium in Oakland, California before an enthusiastic crowd of 7,000. Eventually both the NBA and the NYSAC recognized Ortiz's claim to the title as a result of his win. One source noted that Ortiz had the edge in every round, brutalizing Salica with body blows. The United Press gave Ortiz all but two rounds, the first and the fourth.[36] Early in the eleventh, Ortiz put Salica down on one knee for a nine count, and Salica's manager, Willie Ketchum, stopped the fight. It was the first knockout Salica had received in his career. Both boxers weighed in at close to 118.[37]

On March 27, 1944, Salica fought his last professional bout with Harry Jeffra, losing in a ten round unanimous decision in Baltimore. The bout was important as Jeffra had held both the NYSAC World Featherweight Championship in 1937 and the NYSAC World Bantamweight Championship in 1940. Salica won only one round in the bout that was described as "a cautious, cagey battle between ex-champions that afforded little excitement and no knockdowns."[38]

Life after boxing[edit]

On February 1, 1946, Salica was sentenced to an eighteen month prison term for obtaining "kick-backs" from civilian workers while working as a civilian carpentry foreman at an Army base in his hometown of Brooklyn. Salica was working at the New York Port of Embarkation installation. He was officially sentenced with conspiracy to bribe. A jury of the Federal Court had found him guilty in mid-January.[39][40] During the initial arrests made on December 20, 1945 the FBI suspected mob activity as "gangster methods" consisting of physical violence were used to silence complaints". Several gangs were using muscle to compete for the lucrative kickbacks.[41]

Living a long life for a championship boxer, he died on January 30, 2002, in his hometown of Brooklyn at the age of 89.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Louis Silica". BoxRec. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Louis Salica". Cyber Boxing Zone. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  3. ^ A family of sixteen children in "Salica Faces Young Tommy", Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, California, pg. 34, 7 September 1934
  4. ^ Ray, Bob, "The Sports X-Ray", The Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, California, pg. 37, 13 May 1937
  5. ^ Salica was outweighed by three pounds in "Salica Given Questionable Verdict Over DeGrasse", Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, California, pg. 37, 12 May 1937
  6. ^ "Olympic Ring Champ Favored", The Evening News, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, pg. 14, 10 August 1944
  7. ^ Salica strongest in final rounds in "Lou Salica Wins in Rally", The News Journal, Wilmington, Delaware, pg. 12, 8 September 1934
  8. ^ "Dado Whips Lou Salica", The Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, California, pg. 7, 20 October 1934
  9. ^ "Quintana is Defeated", Cincinnati Enquirer, Cincinnati, Ohio, pg. 10, 21 December 1984
  10. ^ 10,000 might have come in Potts, Bill, "Pair Clash at Olympic", Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, California, pg. 33, 11 June 1935
  11. ^ "Lou Salica Fights to Draw in New York", The Des Moines Register, Des Moines, Iowa, pg. 7, 31 July 1935
  12. ^ "Sixto Escobar Soundly Whips Lou Salica", The Bismark Tribune, Bismark, North Dakota, pg. 6, 16 November 1935
  13. ^ "Sixto Escobar Whips Lou Salica", The Decatur Daily Review, Decatur, Illinois, pg. 5, 16 November 1935
  14. ^ "Scores Unexpected Win" The Pantagraph, Bloomington, Illinois, pg. 10, 3 June 1936
  15. ^ The win over Salica was important in "Marino Starts Remaking Ring Rep At Grove", Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, New York, pg. 25, 30 October 1936
  16. ^ "Kayo is Scored By Lou Salica", Arizona Republic, Phoenix, Arizona, pg. 11, 3 November 1937
  17. ^ Dyer, Braven, The Sports Parade, The Los Angeles Times, pg. 26, 25 July 1938
  18. ^ "Lou Salica Wins First Bout as Featherweight", Nevada State Journal, Reno, Nevada, pg. 8, 23 January 1939
  19. ^ "Lou Salica is Lindsay Winner", Santa Cruz Sentinel, Santa Cruz, California, pg. 4, 4 June 1942
  20. ^ Ward, Allen, "On Second Thought", Oakland Tribune, Oakland, California, pg. 30, 27 October 1939
  21. ^ Jurich was American Flyweight Champion in "Lou Salica Kayoes Coast Flyweight", Salt Lake Tribune, Salt Lake City, Utah, pg. 25, 19 August 1939
  22. ^ The crowd of 4,183 was small in "Lou Salica Wins Bantamweight Title", Bradford Evening Daily Record, Bradford, Pennsylvania, pg. 10, 25 September 1940
  23. ^ "Lou Salica Beats Pace for Crown", Arizona Republic, Phoenix, Arizona, pg. 13, 25 September 1940
  24. ^ "Salica Regains Bantam Title", Decatur Daily Review, Decatur, Illinois, pg. 9, 25 September 1940
  25. ^ "Lou Salica Kayoes Small Montana to Keep His Title", The Montana Standard, Butte, Montana, pg. 9, 3 December 1940
  26. ^ "Lou Salica Stops Montana in Third; Retains Crown", The Morning News, Wilmington, Delaware, pg. 21, 3 December 1940
  27. ^ Salica won by only one round in "Lou Salica Wins Nod Over Forte", Arizona Republic, pg. 48, 14 January 1941
  28. ^ Came from behind to win in "Lou Salica Wins From Forte and Keeps His Crown", Washington C. H. Record Herald, pg. 3, 17 June 1941
  29. ^ No knock downs in "Lou Salica Gets Nod Over Forte", Oakland Tribune, Oakland California, pg. 27, 17 June 1941
  30. ^ Crowd of 5000 in "Champ Gets Duke", News Journal, Mansfield, Ohio, pg. 7, 9 August 1941
  31. ^ Hook continued to reign blows on Salica in "Champion Squeezes in With Glove Decision", The Lincoln Star, Lincoln, Nebraska, pg. 8, 9 August 1941
  32. ^ Lowry, Paul, Salica, Ortiz Stage Title Battle", Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, California, pg. 13, 7 July 1942
  33. ^ Lowry, Paul, "Ortiz Choice Over Lou Salica Tonight", Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, California, pg. 19, 7 August 1942
  34. ^ NYSAC did not recognize in "Just Another Title Rangle", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, St. Louis, Missouri, pg. 32, 23 October 1942
  35. ^ Nine rounds to Ortiz in Myers, Robert, "Manuel Ortiz New Bantamweight Champion", The Post Register", Idaho Falls, Idaho, pg. 8, 9 August 1942
  36. ^ Salica took only the first and fourth rounds in "Ex-champ Floored by Body Punches; Bout is Stopped", Nevada State Journal, Reno, Nevada, pg. 12, 11 March 1943
  37. ^ "Ortiz Captures Undisputed Title to Bantamweight Crown", Reno Gazette Journal, Reno, Nevada, pg. 14, 11 March 1943
  38. ^ "Henry Jeffra Defeats Lou Salica in Slow Bout", Morning News, Wilmington, Delaware, pg. 18, 28 March 1944
  39. ^ "Lou Salica Jailed on Conspiracy Charges", Altoona Tribune, Altoona, Pennsylvania, pg. 9, 2 February 1946
  40. ^ Was working at the New York Port of Embarkation in "Salica Gets 18 Months on Conspiracy Count", The Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, pg. 25, 31 January 1946
  41. ^ "Lou Sallica Held", The Daily Courier, Connellsville, Pennsylvania, pg. 9, 20 December 1944

External links[edit]

Achievements
Preceded by
Sixto Escobar
NBA World Bantamweight Champion
August 26, 1935 – November 15, 1935
Succeeded by
Sixto Escobar (Vacated)
Vacant World Bantamweight Champion
September 24, 1940 – August 7, 1942
Succeeded by
Manuel Ortiz