Louis Stokes

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Louis Stokes
Louis Stokes.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 11th district
In office
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1999
Preceded by Dennis E. Eckart
Succeeded by Stephanie Tubbs Jones
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 21st district
In office
January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1993
Preceded by Charles Vanik
Succeeded by District eliminated
Personal details
Born (1925-02-23)February 23, 1925
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
Died August 18, 2015(2015-08-18) (aged 90)
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Jay Stokes 1940–2015 (his death)
Children Shelley Stokes-Hammond
Angela R. Stokes
Louis "Chuck" Stokes
Lori Stokes
Residence Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
Military service
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1943–1946
Battles/wars World War II

Louis Stokes (February 23, 1925 – August 18, 2015) was an attorney and politician from Cleveland, Ohio. He served 15 terms in the United States House of Representatives – representing the east side of Cleveland – and was the first black congressman elected in the state of Ohio.[1] He was one of the Cold War-era chairmen of the House Intelligence Committee, headed the Congressional Black Caucus, and was the first black on the House Appropriations Committee.[2]

Early life[edit]

Born in Cleveland, Stokes and his brother Carl B. Stokes lived in one of the first federally funded housing projects, the Outhwaite Homes. Louis attended Central High School. Stokes served in the U.S. Army from 1943-46. After attending Western Reserve University and Cleveland-Marshall College of Law on the G.I. Bill,[2]

Stokes began practicing law in Cleveland in 1953. He argued the "stop and frisk" case of Terry v. Ohio before the United States Supreme Court in 1968.[2] Later in 1968, he was elected to the House, representing the 21st District of Ohio on Cleveland's East Side. He shifted to the newly created 11th District, covering much of the same area following a 1992 redistricting. Stokes served 30 years in total, retiring in 1999.[citation needed]

Career[edit]

Stokes' tenure in the House of Representatives included service on the House Appropriations Committee, where he was influential in bringing revenue to Cleveland. He was particularly interested in veterans' issues and secured funds for health-care facilities for veterans in Cleveland.[2]

In the 1970s, Stokes served as Chairman of the House Select Committee on Assassinations, charged with investigating the murders of President John F. Kennedy and civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.. He served on the House committee that investigated the Iran-Contra Affair. As Chairman of the House Ethics Committee, Stokes oversaw the committee's investigation of a corruption scandal known as ABSCAM in 1979–80, which eventually led to convictions of one senator and six House members. Recalling Stokes, U.S. Attorney Steven Dettelbach said: "We were in the midst of a huge ... corruption scandal, and public service was taking a public beating. But Lou Stokes was a there as a shining beacon of integrity, of excellence and most important of all for us, of justice."[2]

In 1992, Stokes ran for president as an Ohio favorite son, winning the delegates from his home district in Ohio, and then, in a minor Democratic convention drama, refused to release the delegate's votes until the Clinton campaign formally asked for them.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Stokes' daughter, Angela, serves as a Cleveland Municipal Court judge while another, Lori, is a journalist with WABC-TV New York. His son, Chuck, is also a journalist with WXYZ-TV in Detroit. Stokes' brother, Carl B. Stokes, was the first African American mayor of a large American city.[2]

Stokes was a Prince Hall Freemason,[3] and a member of the Cleveland Alumni chapter of Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity.

Later life and death[edit]

Stokes retired in 2012 as Senior Counsel in the law firm of Squire, Sanders & Dempsey, with offices in Cleveland and Washington.[4]

On July 20, 2015, it was reported that Stokes had both brain cancer and lung cancer.[1] He died on August 18, 2015 at his home in Cleveland from lung and brain cancer. He was 90 years old.[2][5]

Legacy[edit]

The Cuyahoga Metropolitan Housing Authority opened the Louis Stokes Museum on September 13, 2007. This Museum houses Stokes memorabilia, video interviews, misc. video footage, awards and a written history about Stokes and his rise to prominence. The museum is located at Outhwaite Homes, 4302 Quincy Avenue.[citation needed]

From 2006-08, the Western Reserve Historical Society opened an exhibition on the lives of Congressman Stokes and his brother titled "Carl and Louis Stokes: From the Projects to Politics". The exhibit uses photographs, manuscript collections, and personal items to showcase Louis Stokes' rise from the Outhwaite homes, his legal career, and his Congressional service. The former Congressman was inducted into the Karamu House Hall of Fame in 2007 for his contributions to the continued legacy of Cleveland's black settlement house and theatre.[citation needed]

Many buildings throughout the country have been named in Stokes honor including: Howard_University's medical library, the Cleveland Public Library's main building expansion, and the GCRTA's Windermere station Louis Stokes Station at Windermere. The greater Cleveland area Veteran's hospital was renamed the Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center. Building 50 on the campus of the National Institutes of Health is named the Louis Stokes Laboratories.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Louis Stokes diagnosed with lung and brain cancer". cleveland.com. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Longtime Ohio Congressman Louis Stokes dies at 90", aol.com, August 19, 2015; retrieved August 20, 2015.
  3. ^ Gray, David (2012). The History of the Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Ohio F&AM 1971–2011: The Fabric of Freemasonry. Columbus, Ohio: Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Ohio F&AM. p. 414. ISBN 978-0615632957. 
  4. ^ "Squire Sanders Announces Louis Stokes' Retirement as Senior Counsel", Squire Patton Boggs, December 6, 2012.
  5. ^ WKYC Staff (August 19, 2015). "Former Congressman Louis Stokes has died". WKYC. Retrieved August 19, 2015. 
  6. ^ "New Laboratory Building in Honor of Louis Stokes". Retrieved August 20, 2015. 

External links[edit]