Louis Thiroux de Crosne

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Louis Thiroux De Crosne
Chateau de Versailles Petit appartement du roi Statue de Louis Thiroux de Crosne 2.jpg
Statue of Louis Thiroux de Crosne by Augustin Pajou in 1788
Died 28 April 1794(1794-04-28)
Nationality French
Occupation Chief of Police

Louis Thiroux de Crosne was Lieutenant général de Police (Chief of the Police) in Paris from 1785 to the beginning of the French Revolution.[1] He was executed on 28 April 1794 during the Reign of Terror. Prior to becoming Chief of the Police in Paris he was Intendant de la généralité of Rouen from 1767.

Biography[edit]

Son of Louis-Lazare Thiroux Arconville, President of the Chamber of Investigation of the Parliament of Paris and Marie-Geneviève Charlotte Darlus he married January 24, 1763, Anne-Adelaide Angelique de la Michodière (1745-Paris, September 6, 1812), eldest daughter of Jean-Baptiste-François of Michodière, Count d'Hauteville, State Councillor and Anne Luthier St. Martin. Their only son, Jean-Charles-Amédée Thiroux Arconville (circa 1778-1835) married Marie Louise Mayou Aulnoy, daughter of a councilor at the Parliament of Dijon.

Career[edit]

Adviser at the Paris parliament August 20, 1758, then master of requests by provisions of 13 July 1761. Master fee requests in 1767, he resigned on 1 May 1773. Appointed steward assistant to the generality of Rouen in 1767, he replaced his father-in steward job in 1768. He was appointed first president of the Supreme Council created by the Maupeou reform in Rouen in 1771. In 1777 he was intendant of Lorraine and Barrois in Metz. He returned to Rouen in 1778 and remained there until July 30, 1785. The city owes the Esplanade du Champ de Mars, exercise ground for the military, barracks and moving the powder stores outside the walls. It also owes the filling of ditches, leveling the input bastions of the walls and their replacement by grids and the completion of a ring road planted with arbres1. He was appointed lieutenant general city police of Paris by judgment of the State Council of 30 July 1785, he succeeds Lenoir August 11, 1785, and remained in that position until the French Revolution. It is in this capacity that oversees the development ossuary of the Catacombs of Paris. It removes already closed cemeteries in the capital, eliminated the houses on the bridges of Paris, and participates with Louis Bénigne François Berthier de Sauvigny, intendant of the generality of Paris from 1744 to 1776, to the achievement of workshops to provide employment to the poor. He resigns in favor of Jean Sylvain Bailly (1736-1793), July 17, 1789. He remains in 1786 Rue Neuve des Capucines2. After returning emigration from England, he is locked in Picpus with his mother in 1792 and executed during the Terror, April 28, 1794. The next day the Journal de Paris announced that he was "convinced of plots and conspiracies against freedom, security and sovereignty of the French people "

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kaplan (1996:496)

Citations[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Steven Laurence Kaplan (June 1996). The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700-1775. Durham, NC, USA: Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0822317067. 
  • Ouvrage collectif, sous la direction de :Michel Aubouin, Arnaud Teyssier, Jean Tulard, Histoire et dictionnaire de la police, du Moyen Age à nos jours, Paris, éd.Robert Laffont, 2005, p. 882–883, notice biographique par Georges Carrot.
  • Bruno Belhoste, Cauchy, un mathématicien légitimiste au xixe siècle
  • Henry Buisson, La Police, son histoire, Vichy Imp. Wallon/Paris, éd. Nouvelles éditions latines, 1950.
  • Marc Chassaigne, La lieutenance générale de police à Paris, Paris, 1906.
  • Hippolyte Monin, L'état de Paris en 1789. Études et documents sur l'Ancien Régime à Paris, Paris, Jouaust, 1889
  • Horace Raisson, Histoire de la Police de Paris, Paris, 1844.
  • M. de Saint-Allais, Nobiliaire universel de France, Paris, 1874, tome 8, p. 462-463.
  • M.B. Saint-Edme, Biographie des lieutenants généraux, ministres, directeurs généraux chargés d'arrondissements, préfets de police en France, Paris, 1829.