Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

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Louis VIII
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Johann Christian Fiedler - Bildnis des Landgrafen Ludwig VIII. von Hessen-Darmstadt.jpg
Portrait of Louis VIII
by Johann Christian Fiedler
Born (1691-04-05)5 April 1691
Died 17 October 1768(1768-10-17) (aged 77)
Spouse Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Issue Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt
Caroline Louise, Grand Duchess of Baden
House Hesse-Darmstadt
Father Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Mother Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach

Louis VIII (German: Ludwig) (5 April 1691 – 17 October 1768) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1739 to 1768. He was the son of Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach.


A deer hunt near Darmstadt. Painting by Georg Adam Eger 1755

In 1717, he was married to Countess Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau and he received Hanau-Lichtenberg as an addition to his dominions. Because of his passion for hunting, he is known as the "Hunting Landgrave" (German: Jagdlandgraf). During the Seven Years' War he stood on the side of the Emperor and received the rank of General Field Marshal.

Like his father, Louis was not a gifted economist and only his good relationship with Empress Maria Theresa and her intervention at the Imperial Court Council kept the Landgraviate from bankruptcy. However, his caring for his country is documented by the establishment of a textile house in 1742 and a state orphanage in the 1746.




External links[edit]


  • Die Geschichte Hessens, Gerd Bauer, Heiner Boencke, Hans Sarkowicz; Eichborn, 2002, p. 193-194
Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Born: 5 April 1691 Died: 17 October 1768
Preceded by
Ernest Louis
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Succeeded by
Louis IX