Louis Vuitton (designer)
Louis Vuitton, founder of the House of Louis Vuitton
|Born||4 August 1821|
Anchay, Jura, France
|Died||27 February 1892 (aged 70)|
|Known for||The founder of Louis Vuitton|
Louis Vuitton (4 August 1821 – 27 February 1892) was a French fashion designer and businessman. He was the founder of the Louis Vuitton brand of leather goods now owned by LVMH. Prior to this, he had been appointed as trunk-maker to Empress Eugénie de Montijo, wife of Napoleon III.
Vuitton was born on 4 August 1821 in Anchay in the Jura region in Eastern France. Descended from a long-established working-class French family, Vuitton's ancestors were joiners, carpenters, farmers and milliners. His father, Xavier Vuitton, was a farmer, and his mother, Corinne Gaillard, was a milliner. Vuitton's mother died when he was only 10 years old, and his father died soon after.
Work and career
On the first day of tolerable weather in the spring of 1835, at the age of 13, Vuitton left home alone and on foot, bound for Paris. He traveled for more than two years, taking odd jobs to feed himself along the way and staying wherever he could find shelter, as he walked the 292-mile (470-km) trek from his native Anchay to Paris. He arrived in 1837, at the age of 16. At the time of his arrival in Paris, there was widespread poverty. The city was also being transformed by the Industrial revolution. Vuitton was taken on as an apprentice in the workshop of a successful box-maker and packer named Monsieur Marechal. In 19th-century Europe, box-making and packing was a highly respectable and urbane craft. A box-maker and packer custom-made all boxes to fit the goods they stored and personally loaded and unloaded the boxes. It took Vuitton only a few years to stake out a reputation amongst Paris's fashionable class as one of the city's premier practitioners of his new craft.
In 1854, at age 33, Vuitton married 17-year-old Clemence-Emilie Parriaux. Soon after the marriage, he left Marechal's shop, and opened his own box-making and packing workshop in Paris. Outside the shop a sign hung reading "Securely packs the most fragile objects. Specializing in packing fashions." Four years later in 1858, Vuitton introduced his revolutionary stackable and waterproof rectangular shaped trunks to a market that only had rounded tops. This demand spurred his expansion into a larger workshop outside of Paris.The original pattern of the shellac embedded canvas was named Damier.
He designed the current "monogram" pattern because to copy a monogram was illegal.
He also designed to great disbelief the world's first pick proof lock. All lock patterns were safely kept at Vuitton's workrooms and registered with the proud owners name in case another key was needed.
After the re-establishment of the French Empire under Napoleon III, Vuitton was hired as personal box maker and packer to the Empress of France, Spanish countess Eugenie de Montijo. She charged him with "packing the most beautiful clothes in an exquisite way." De Montijo provided Vuitton with a gateway to other elite and royal clients who provided him with work for the rest of his career.
In 1871, as a result of the Franco-Prussian War, Vuitton's workshop in Asnieres was in shambles, just like the rest of the village. Tools were stolen and the staff was gone. Vuitton decided to start over immediately and he quickly built a new shop at 1 Rue Scribe. The area of the new workshop had a high-end aura to it, next to a prestigious Jockey Club in the heart of the rebuilding of Paris. In 1872, Vuitton introduced a new line in which in addition to the print was a red stripe that would become a signature of the brand for centuries to come.
He continued to work until his death at the age of 70 on 27 February 1892. After his death, his son Georges Vuitton took over control of the company.