Louis William, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
|Louis William, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg|
29 August 1770|
|Died||19 January 1839
|Burial||Crypt of Bad Homburg Castle|
|Consort||Augusta Amalia of Nassau-Usingen|
|Father||Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg|
|Mother||Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt|
Louis, as he was usually called, was educated together with his elder brother Frederick VI. They studied together in Geneva, and in 1788, they joined the Prussian army together. In 1793, he fought in the Battle of Pirmasens. In 1798, he was promoted to major. In 1804, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and he married Princess Augusta Amalia of Nassau-Usingen. This "dynastic marriage" with the daughter of a neighbouring prince was an unhappy one, as she was in love with Frederick William of Bismarck. The marriage ended in divorce. Augusta Amalia married Frederick William; Louis William did not marry again. Ricarda Huch gives more details in her Count Mark and the Princes of Nassau-Usingen. A tragic biography of 1925.
In 1806, he fought in the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt and was taken prisoner by the French. After his release, he became major general of the infantry in Königsberg. Here, he reorganized the army in the framework of the Prussian reforms. In 1810, he was transferred to Berlin. In 1813, he fought in the German campaign with his own "Hesse-Homburg Brigade". In the Battle of Leipzig, his troops stormed the Grimma gate and he was injured.
In 1813, he was promoted to lieutenant general and Supreme Commander of the Reserve Corps. During the Hundred Days, he again fought Napoleon's army. After the Second Peace of Paris, he was appointed governor of Luxembourg.
Louis rarely visited Homburg. Hesse-Homburg was administered between 1828 and 1832 by Carl von Ibell. A wealthy man, Louis travelled to many European countries; however, he was always interested in the situation in his own small country. He supported the education reform Ibell was implementing, which provided for a single school system with Protestant, Catholic and Jewish students. The building for a shared school was inaugurated in 1831, and it is now called Landgraf-Ludwig-Schule ("Landgrave Louis School").
In 1838, he celebrated the 50th anniversary of his career as a Prussian officer. He paid a two-week visit to Homburg and returned to Luxembourg, where he died on 19 January 1839. He was buried in the crypt of Bad Homburg Castle.
|Ancestors of Louis William, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg|
Louis William, Landgrave of Hesse-HomburgBorn: 29 August 1770 Died: 19 January 1839
|Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
- Karl Schwartz: Landgraf Friedrich V. von Hessen-Homburg und seine Familie. Aus Archivalien und Familienpapieren, Rudolstadt, 1878
- "Ibell, Carl Friedrich Julius Emil von". Hessische Biografie. Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS), Marburg. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2016.