Louis de Berquin
Louis de Berquin (c. 1490 – April 17, 1529) was a French lawyer, civil servant, linguist, and reformer in the 16th century. He was burned at the stake as a heretic in April 1529 for refusing to recant his beliefs.
Life and work
Berquin was born of noble family around 1490 in Vieux-Berquin. Coming into contact with Christian humanists such as Erasmus and Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples he began to study the Bible for himself and to advocate reform of the French Catholic Church from within. He desired to free France from the power of the pope. His writings aroused fierce opposition among traditional scholars. However, King Francis I and his sister Marguerite of Valois intervened in his behalf. 
Marguerite especially defended him, writing to the constable, Anne de Montmorency after Berquin was released from one arrest, "I thank you for the pleasure you have afforded me in the matter of poor Berquin whom I esteem as much as if he were myself; and so you may say you have delivered me from prison, since I consider in that light the favor done me." In a letter to Erasmus, Berquin accused the divinity professors of Sorbonne of impiety. On April 16, 1529 the French Parliament condemned him to watch as his books were burned, to have his tongue pierced, and then to be imprisoned without reading material for life. When Berquin refused, even by silence, to condone the condemnation of truth, he was returned to prison. The next day, April 17, 1529, he was brought out and burned at the stake. All his original works are lost, only a few of his Erasmus translations remain.
A Protestant controversialist has written:
- Louis de Berquin was of noble birth. A brave and courtly knight, he was devoted to study, polished in manners, and of blameless morals. 'He was,' says a writer, 'a great follower of the papistical constitutions, and a great hearer of masses and sermons;... and he crowned all his other virtues by holding Lutheranism in special abhorrence.' But, like so many others, providentially guided to the Bible, he was amazed to find there 'not the doctrines of Rome, but the doctrines of Luther.' Henceforth he gave himself with entire devotion to the cause of the gospel. 
- Baird, Henry Martyn. The Rise of the Huguenots, Vol. 1 (of 2).
- Guizot, M. Popular History of France from the Earliest Times, trans. Robert Black. Boston: Estes & Lauriat, ca. 1869.
- Thieme, Hugo P. Women of Modern France. Philadelphia: Rittenhouse Press, 1907.
- White, Ellen G. "The French Reformation", In The Great Controversy, 215.3. Pacific Press Publishing Association, 1911.
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