|Motto||Sapientia Gemmis Melior|
|Type||Private two-year college|
|Established||1787 / 1814|
|President||Dr. Gary M. Brown|
Main: 75 acres (30 ha)
Main Building, Louisburg College
|Location||Louisburg College campus, Louisburg, North Carolina|
|Area||6 acres (2.4 ha)|
|Built by||Jones, Albert Gamaliel|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP reference #||78001955|
|Added to NRHP||December 8, 1978|
Louisburg College has its roots in two schools: Franklin Male Academy, which was chartered in 1787, re-chartered in 1802 but held its first recorded classes on January 1, 1805; and Louisburg Female College, which was founded in 1857, succeeding a previous institution, Louisburg Female Academy, founded in 1814.
Louisburg Female Academy opened its doors in 1815, under the direction of Harriet Partridge, making it one of the oldest institutions of higher education for women. From 1843-1856, Asher H. Ray and his wife Jane Curtis Ray were highly successful as principals of the female academy, which in the 1850s was called Louisburg Female Seminary. Among the courses offered by the seminary were history, botany, algebra, rhetoric, chemistry, geology, logic, French, Latin, Greek, guitar, and calisthenics. The respected reputation of the seminary contributed to a movement to establish a female college.
In 1855, the property of Louisburg Female Academy was transferred to the Louisburg Female College Company; the newly formed body, Louisburg Female College, opened its doors in 1857. A four-story, fifty-room brick Greek Revival-style building for the female college was constructed in 1857 on the west campus where the female academy building had formerly stood. Old Main, the central building of the Female Academy is still in use today as the administrative building of Louisburg College. Old Main was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. It is located in the Louisburg Historic District.
In August 1857, Louisburg Female College opened its doors under the management of Professor James P. Nelson. Course offerings included French, Spanish, Italian, piano, guitar, drawing, painting, and needlework. The female college continued to operate during the Civil War under presidents C.C. Andrews (1860–1861) and James Southgate, Jr. (1862–1865). After the war, about 500 Union soldiers camped in the college during May and June 1865.
During the administration of Dr. Turner Myrick Jones (1866–1868), former president of Greensboro Female College, enrollment grew to 133 students. The regular college course in 1867 included such courses as English grammar, mythology, geography, botany, physiology, trigonometry, Latin, French, and "Evidence of Christianity."
After the College opened and closed several times during the 1870s and 1880s, S.D. Bagley became president in 1889. Matthew S. Davis, who had previously served twenty-five years as principal of the male academy, became president of the female college in 1896 and held the office until his death in 1906. He was succeeded by his daughter, Mary Davis Allen (Mrs. Ivey Allen), who was president until 1917.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, a number of significant changes took place. The institution became known as Louisburg College, and the college became officially linked to the Methodist Church. Washington Duke, the Durham philanthropist, had acquired ownership of the college property in the 1890s; after his death, his son Benjamin N. Duke presented the property to the North Carolina Conference of the Methodist Church.
Other changes in the early twentieth century included the erection of the three-story Davis Building, named in memory of Matthew S. Davis, and the reorganization of the college into an institution with junior college rating (1914–1915).
During the presidency of Arthur D. Mohn in the 1920s, Louisburg College experienced a period of building expansion. The West Wing of Main Building, the Pattie Julia Wright Dormitory, and the Franklin County Building were constructed. Unfortunately, a disastrous fire gutted Main Building and the new West Wing in 1928. Closely following the fire came the Great Depression, and the college was burdened with debt and a shrinking enrollment.
The Reverend Armour David Wilcox, former minister of the Louisburg Methodist Church, served as president of the college from 1931 to 1937. Louisburg College became co-educational in 1931, and student enrollment immediately increased. By the end of World War II, institutional debts had been paid. Walter Patten served as president from 1939–1947 and Samuel M. Holton from 1947-1955. In 1952, Louisburg College was accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.
In 1956, a planning committee of the North Carolina Conference of the Methodist Church recommended the establishment of two co-educational senior colleges and the merger of Louisburg College into one of the institutions. The college alumni and the citizens of Franklin County joined to oppose the merger. A "Keep Louisburg at Home" campaign emphasized the depth of local support for the junior college. The Conference decided, in response to this endeavor, to retain Louisburg College as an accredited junior college.
A period of revitalization and growth occurred during the administration of president Cecil W. Robbins (1955–1974). Student enrollment, faculty size, budget, and physical plant were significantly increased and improved. In 1961, the college purchased the Mills High School property on the east side of Main Street; the Mills Building was remodeled to serve as the college auditorium-classroom building. During the Robbins administration, four dormitories, a library, a cafeteria and a student center were constructed.
From 1975 to 1992, Dr. J. Allen Norris, Jr. served as college president. The Board of Trustees initiated the Third Century Campaign in 1980. The $4.2 million goal of the first phase of the campaign was surpassed, resulting in the construction of the E. Hoover Taft, Jr. Classroom Building. Through the generosity of the United Methodist Men of the Raleigh District, the Clifton L. Benson Chapel and Religious Life Center was opened in 1986. A new auditorium and theater complex was also constructed.
During the 1986-87 school year, Louisburg College held a Bicentennial Celebration in recognition of its unique two-hundred-year heritage. The first college flag was designed and displayed during the celebration, and the first published history of the college, Louisburg College Echoes, was issued in 1988.
Louisburg College consists of 20 major buildings. It sits nicely on the north side of the city on 75 acres of land with Main Street running through the middle, dividing campus into West Campus and East Campus.
Students can earn degrees in five different fields including the Associate of Arts in General College, the Associates of Art in Education, the Associate of Science in General Science, the Associate of Science in General Science- STEM, and the Associate of Science in Business. Students can take additional coursework in disciplines such as the expressive arts and education. Students may earn federal certifications in STEM related technologies such as solar and wind power.
The Louisburg College Hurricanes rosters 13 varsity athletic teams; Men's and Women's Basketball, Men's and Women's Soccer, Men's and Women's Cross Country/Track, Baseball, Softball, Women's Volleyball, Football, and Cheerleading. Louisburg competes in the NJCAA in varying divisions depending on team. In 2015 the Men's Soccer team won the NJCAA National Championship. With Men's Cross Country finishing eighth nationally, Women's Cross Country finishing 18th. The Hurricane Football team went 7-1 and were ranked 15th at the close of the NJCAA season.
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- Archibald Hunter Arrington ‘18 – politician, County Commissioner in 1868
- Ellis Credle ‘22 – author, Down Down the Mountain
- Joseph J. Davis ’48 – politician and lawyer – US House of Representatives, 1875
- Bill Moran ‘71 – baseball player Boston Red Sox, 1971
- Mike Dement ‘74 – basketball coach, UNCG
- Ron Musselman ‘75 – baseball player, RHP, Seattle Mariners
- Mark Funderburk ‘76 – baseball player, OF, Minnesota Twins
- Kelly Heath ‘77 – baseball player, 2B, Kansas City Royals
- Brian Holton ‘78 – baseball player, RHP, Los Angeles Dodgers
- Otis Nixon ‘79 – baseball player, CF, Yankees, 1979
- Greg Briley ‘85 – baseball player, PH/ OF, Seattle Mariners
- Theodore “Blue” Edwards ‘86 – basketball player, 1st round pick of Utah Jazz, 1989
- Russell Scott Riggs ‘91 – NASCAR driver
- Chad Fonville ‘92 – baseball player, San Francisco Giants
- Travis Cherry ‘96 – Music producer, musician and songwriter
- Josh Rupe ‘02 – baseball player, Chicago White Sox
- Ian Drew Thomas ‘07 – baseball player, Atlanta Braves
- Paul Clemens ’08 – baseball player, Atlanta Braves and San Diego Padres
- Forrayah Bass ‘13 – soccer player, San Diego State 2013
- Eric Bullock – baseball player, Houston Astros
- Bryan Little – baseball player, Montreal Expos
- Boyce Cedric Mullins II '14, Baltimore Orioles
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Catherine W. Bishir and Joe Mobley (n.d.). "Main Building, Louisburg College" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2014-11-01.