Louise Anne de Bourbon
|Countess of Charolais|
painting by Alexandre-François Caminade
23 June 1695|
Palace of Versailles, France
|Died||8 April 1758
Hôtel de Rothelin-Charolais, Paris, France
|Burial||Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques, Paris, France|
|Father||Louis de Bourbon|
|Mother||Louise Françoise de Bourbon|
Louise Anne de Bourbon, Countess of Charolais (23 June 1695 – 8 April 1758) was a French noblewoman, the daughter of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé. Her father was the grandson of le Grand Condé, while her mother, Louise Françoise de Bourbon, was the eldest surviving legitimised daughter of Louis XIV of France and his maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan.
Born at the Palace of Versailles, Louise Anne was the fourth child and third daughter of her parents. Her eldest sisters were Marie Anne Gabrielle Éléonore de Bourbon and Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon. She was baptised in the chapel of Versailles on 24 November 1698 with her brother Louis Henri and her sister Louise Élisabeth.
Louise Anne never married.
During the Régence of her cousin, Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, she became romantically involved with the Duke of Richelieu, a grandnephew of Cardinal Richelieu. At the same time, the Duke of Richelieu also began an affair with Louise Anne's first cousin, Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans, known at court as Mademoiselle de Valois. The two cousins, rivals in love, would later both fight fiercely, but separately, for the liberation of the duke from his incarceration in the Bastille due to his participation in the Cellamare Conspiracy.
At one time, she was considered as a possible bride for her cousin, Louis Auguste, Prince of Dombes, but she refused. Another proposed husband was the Duke of Chartres, the son of the Regent, and heir to the House of Orléans. His mother, however, wanted a more prestigious marriage for her son with a young German princess.
Voltaire, a friend of Richelieu, wrote the following verse concerning Louise-Anne:
- Frère ange de Charolois
- Dis-nous par quelle aventure
- Le cordon de Saint François
- Sert à Vénus de ceinture.
As the years passed, Louise Anne constantly intrigued for political prominence. She would later help her cousin Louis XV in his search for new mistresses. It was common gossip at the time that Louise Anne was actually one of the king's former mistresses, while Louise Anne's older sister, Louise Élisabeth, introduced Madame de Pompadour to the French court in the 1740s.
Louise Anne's father died in 1710, eleven months after having inherited the title of Prince de Condé at the death of his own father. Her mother, who had built the Palais Bourbon in Paris, died in 1743 at the age of seventy. Since her first cousin, Louis d'Orléans, never had a daughter who survived into adulthood, Louise Anne became known at court by the style of Mademoiselle, which she held from 1728 when Louis' daughter, Louise Marie d'Orléans, died at the age of one.
Louise Anne owned several estates. In 1735, she became the owner of the Hôtel de Rothelin-Charolais in Paris, which became her townhouse. She would later sell the lands at Vallery, in the Bourgogne province of France, which had been the traditional burial place of her Condé ancestors. She also owned various châteaux such as the one at Athis outside Paris. She later sold the estate of Charolais to the Crown and in return got land in Palaiseau, which further augmented her personal real estate holdings.
Louise Anne died in Paris, at the Hôtel de Rothelin-Charolais, at the age of sixty-two. She was buried in the Carmelite Convent of the Faubourg Saint-Jacques. Her brother, Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon, and her two sisters, Marie Anne de Bourbon and Élisabeth Alexandrine de Bourbon, were also buried there.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 23 June 1695 – 6 July 1713 Her Serene Highness Mademoiselle de Sens
- 6 July 1713 – 14 May 1728 Her Serene Highness Mademoiselle de Charolais
- 14 May 1728 – 9 July 1750 Her Serene Highness Mademoiselle
- 9 July 1750 – 8 April 1758 Her Serene Highness Mademoiselle de Charolais
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Louise Anne de Bourbon.|
- Heraldica.org Style of HSH and further information on Princes of the Blood – Other princes of the blood were only entitled to Most Serene Highness (Altesse Sérénissime) from 1651 to 1824, when they received the style of Royal Highness.