Louise L. Sloan

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Louise L. Sloan (1898-1982) was an American ophthalmologist and vision scientist. Her career at Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute, where she directed the Laboratory of Physiological Optics, lasted nearly 50 years.

The ten Sloan optotypes

Sloan is internationally acclaimed for laying out the foundation of the field of clinical vision research.[1][2]

She designed the Sloan letters.

Sloan was born in Baltimore in 1898, attended the Bryn Mawr School, and later the Bryn Mawr College where she received her Bachelor and PhD degrees in Experimental Psychology.[1]


  1. ^ a b Massof, Robert W. (1984). "A Tribute to Louise L. Sloan (1898–1982)". Colour Vision Deficiencies VII. Documenta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series. 39. Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 1–4. doi:10.1007/978-94-009-6551-5_1. ISBN 9789400965539.
  2. ^ Greve, E. L.; Heijl, A. (2012-12-06). Fifth International Visual Field Symposium: Sacramento, October 20–23, 1982. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9789400972728.

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